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Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Models explaining effects of prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and ambiguity processing mode on naming of pictures with homophone names.(A) Representation of homophones: homophones have different conceptual and lexical representations but share the same word form. (B) Cascading information flow of distractor words related to the non-depicted meaning of the homophone and pre-activation of the shared word form. (C) Pre-activation of the non-depicted meaning by a previously presented prime stimulus that is categorically related to the non-depicted meaning of the target‘s name. (D) Listening to puns leads to the co-activation of both meanings of a homophone due to enhanced feedback between phonological, lexical and semantic stages and thus the ambiguity status of a target‘s name is quickly available. (E) Interplay of the prime and distractor stimuli in the ambiguity processing mode condition.
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pone.0130853.g001: Models explaining effects of prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and ambiguity processing mode on naming of pictures with homophone names.(A) Representation of homophones: homophones have different conceptual and lexical representations but share the same word form. (B) Cascading information flow of distractor words related to the non-depicted meaning of the homophone and pre-activation of the shared word form. (C) Pre-activation of the non-depicted meaning by a previously presented prime stimulus that is categorically related to the non-depicted meaning of the target‘s name. (D) Listening to puns leads to the co-activation of both meanings of a homophone due to enhanced feedback between phonological, lexical and semantic stages and thus the ambiguity status of a target‘s name is quickly available. (E) Interplay of the prime and distractor stimuli in the ambiguity processing mode condition.

Mentions: Within speech production models homophones are assumed to share the same phonological code but have different conceptual and lexical representations [3, 4–9] (see Fig 1A). Here, we test whether alternative meanings of homophones are co-activated during word production when the speaker was recently exposed to ambiguous verbal messages in the form of puns. Thus, we ask whether the production system can be biased towards co-activating alternative meanings during homophone production by providing a context of ambiguity processing.


Listening to Puns Elicits the Co-Activation of Alternative Homophone Meanings during Language Production.

Rose SB, Spalek K, Rahman RA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Models explaining effects of prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and ambiguity processing mode on naming of pictures with homophone names.(A) Representation of homophones: homophones have different conceptual and lexical representations but share the same word form. (B) Cascading information flow of distractor words related to the non-depicted meaning of the homophone and pre-activation of the shared word form. (C) Pre-activation of the non-depicted meaning by a previously presented prime stimulus that is categorically related to the non-depicted meaning of the target‘s name. (D) Listening to puns leads to the co-activation of both meanings of a homophone due to enhanced feedback between phonological, lexical and semantic stages and thus the ambiguity status of a target‘s name is quickly available. (E) Interplay of the prime and distractor stimuli in the ambiguity processing mode condition.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4482729&req=5

pone.0130853.g001: Models explaining effects of prime relatedness, distractor relatedness and ambiguity processing mode on naming of pictures with homophone names.(A) Representation of homophones: homophones have different conceptual and lexical representations but share the same word form. (B) Cascading information flow of distractor words related to the non-depicted meaning of the homophone and pre-activation of the shared word form. (C) Pre-activation of the non-depicted meaning by a previously presented prime stimulus that is categorically related to the non-depicted meaning of the target‘s name. (D) Listening to puns leads to the co-activation of both meanings of a homophone due to enhanced feedback between phonological, lexical and semantic stages and thus the ambiguity status of a target‘s name is quickly available. (E) Interplay of the prime and distractor stimuli in the ambiguity processing mode condition.
Mentions: Within speech production models homophones are assumed to share the same phonological code but have different conceptual and lexical representations [3, 4–9] (see Fig 1A). Here, we test whether alternative meanings of homophones are co-activated during word production when the speaker was recently exposed to ambiguous verbal messages in the form of puns. Thus, we ask whether the production system can be biased towards co-activating alternative meanings during homophone production by providing a context of ambiguity processing.

Bottom Line: Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors.Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task.In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Institut für Psychologie, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
Recent evidence suggests that lexical-semantic activation spread during language production can be dynamically shaped by contextual factors. In this study we investigated whether semantic processing modes can also affect lexical-semantic activation during word production. Specifically, we tested whether the processing of linguistic ambiguities, presented in the form of puns, has an influence on the co-activation of unrelated meanings of homophones in a subsequent language production task. In a picture-word interference paradigm with word distractors that were semantically related or unrelated to the non-depicted meanings of homophones we found facilitation induced by related words only when participants listened to puns before object naming, but not when they heard jokes with unambiguous linguistic stimuli. This finding suggests that a semantic processing mode of ambiguity perception can induce the co-activation of alternative homophone meanings during speech planning.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus