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Codon-Optimized NADH Oxidase Gene Expression and Gene Fusion with Glycerol Dehydrogenase for Bienzyme System with Cofactor Regeneration.

Fang B, Jiang W, Zhou Q, Wang S - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Two strategies, the high AT-content in the region adjacent to the initiation codon and codon usage of the whole gene sequence consistent with the host, obtained the NOX activity of 59.9 U/mg and 73.3 U/mg (crude enzyme), with enhanced expression level of 2.0 and 2.5-folds, respectively.Purified NOX activity was 213.8 U/mg.Kinetic parameters of the GDH-NOX for each substrate, glycerol and NADH, were calculated as Vmax(Glycerol) 20 μM/min, Km(Glycerol) 19.4 mM, Vmax (NADH) 12.5 μM/min and Km (NADH) 51.3 μM, respectively, which indicated the potential application of GDH-NOX for quick glycerol analysis and dioxyacetone biosynthesis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China; The Key Lab for Synthetic Biotechnology of Xiamen City, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China; The Key Laboratory for Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, 361005, China.

ABSTRACT
NADH oxidases (NOXs) play an important role in maintaining balance of NAD+/NADH by catalyzing cofactors regeneration. The expression of nox gene from Lactobacillus brevis in Escherichia coli BL21 (BL21 (DE3)) was studied. Two strategies, the high AT-content in the region adjacent to the initiation codon and codon usage of the whole gene sequence consistent with the host, obtained the NOX activity of 59.9 U/mg and 73.3 U/mg (crude enzyme), with enhanced expression level of 2.0 and 2.5-folds, respectively. Purified NOX activity was 213.8 U/mg. Gene fusion of glycerol dehydrogenase (GDH) and NOX formed bifuctional multi-enzymes for bioconversion of glycerol coupled with coenzyme regeneration. Kinetic parameters of the GDH-NOX for each substrate, glycerol and NADH, were calculated as Vmax(Glycerol) 20 μM/min, Km(Glycerol) 19.4 mM, Vmax (NADH) 12.5 μM/min and Km (NADH) 51.3 μM, respectively, which indicated the potential application of GDH-NOX for quick glycerol analysis and dioxyacetone biosynthesis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Double reciprocal plot for Km and Vmax of NOX.Experiment condition: NADH concentration (20, 40, 60, 100, 200 μM), pH 7.0, 37°C.
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pone.0128412.g003: Double reciprocal plot for Km and Vmax of NOX.Experiment condition: NADH concentration (20, 40, 60, 100, 200 μM), pH 7.0, 37°C.

Mentions: The nox gene (1353 bp) encoding a polypeptide of 457 amino acids was obtained with a deduced molecular mass of 48.9 kDa. A single band of the purified NOX was showed in SDS—PAGE picture (Fig 2a). Optimal pH was 7.0 (Fig 2b). NOX demonstrated the highest specific activity of 28.9 U/mg after 4 h induction (Fig 2c). Kinetic parameters, Km and Vmax, were calculated as 62.6 μM and 5.99 μM/min, respectively (Fig 3).


Codon-Optimized NADH Oxidase Gene Expression and Gene Fusion with Glycerol Dehydrogenase for Bienzyme System with Cofactor Regeneration.

Fang B, Jiang W, Zhou Q, Wang S - PLoS ONE (2015)

Double reciprocal plot for Km and Vmax of NOX.Experiment condition: NADH concentration (20, 40, 60, 100, 200 μM), pH 7.0, 37°C.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4482596&req=5

pone.0128412.g003: Double reciprocal plot for Km and Vmax of NOX.Experiment condition: NADH concentration (20, 40, 60, 100, 200 μM), pH 7.0, 37°C.
Mentions: The nox gene (1353 bp) encoding a polypeptide of 457 amino acids was obtained with a deduced molecular mass of 48.9 kDa. A single band of the purified NOX was showed in SDS—PAGE picture (Fig 2a). Optimal pH was 7.0 (Fig 2b). NOX demonstrated the highest specific activity of 28.9 U/mg after 4 h induction (Fig 2c). Kinetic parameters, Km and Vmax, were calculated as 62.6 μM and 5.99 μM/min, respectively (Fig 3).

Bottom Line: Two strategies, the high AT-content in the region adjacent to the initiation codon and codon usage of the whole gene sequence consistent with the host, obtained the NOX activity of 59.9 U/mg and 73.3 U/mg (crude enzyme), with enhanced expression level of 2.0 and 2.5-folds, respectively.Purified NOX activity was 213.8 U/mg.Kinetic parameters of the GDH-NOX for each substrate, glycerol and NADH, were calculated as Vmax(Glycerol) 20 μM/min, Km(Glycerol) 19.4 mM, Vmax (NADH) 12.5 μM/min and Km (NADH) 51.3 μM, respectively, which indicated the potential application of GDH-NOX for quick glycerol analysis and dioxyacetone biosynthesis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China; The Key Lab for Synthetic Biotechnology of Xiamen City, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361005, China; The Key Laboratory for Chemical Biology of Fujian Province, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, 361005, China.

ABSTRACT
NADH oxidases (NOXs) play an important role in maintaining balance of NAD+/NADH by catalyzing cofactors regeneration. The expression of nox gene from Lactobacillus brevis in Escherichia coli BL21 (BL21 (DE3)) was studied. Two strategies, the high AT-content in the region adjacent to the initiation codon and codon usage of the whole gene sequence consistent with the host, obtained the NOX activity of 59.9 U/mg and 73.3 U/mg (crude enzyme), with enhanced expression level of 2.0 and 2.5-folds, respectively. Purified NOX activity was 213.8 U/mg. Gene fusion of glycerol dehydrogenase (GDH) and NOX formed bifuctional multi-enzymes for bioconversion of glycerol coupled with coenzyme regeneration. Kinetic parameters of the GDH-NOX for each substrate, glycerol and NADH, were calculated as Vmax(Glycerol) 20 μM/min, Km(Glycerol) 19.4 mM, Vmax (NADH) 12.5 μM/min and Km (NADH) 51.3 μM, respectively, which indicated the potential application of GDH-NOX for quick glycerol analysis and dioxyacetone biosynthesis.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus