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Evaluation of hearing and cochlear function by audiometric testing in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum.

Kale A, Yavuz A, Selçuk A, Demirtas Ö, Terzi H, Genç S - Pan Afr Med J (2015)

Bottom Line: No differences were observed between the groups in tympanic membrane status, or other otolaringological evaluations.There was not a difference between pregnant cases with HG and cases with normal pregnancy in terms of audimetric tests.Cochlear functions are not affected remarkably in women with HG.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Kocaeli Derince Education and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kocaeli, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate cochlear functions in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG).

Methods: Twenty-nine HG patients (58 ears) and 31 healthy control subjects (62 ears) were included. Audiometry testings at 250 and 500 Hz and 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 kHz were performed to the patients and controls.

Results: Mean age of patients with HG was 26,5 ± 4,4 years and the mean age of control group was 28,0 ± 4,2 years. At the time of the tests mean gestational age of the HG group and controls were 9 and 11 weeks respectively. No differences were observed between the groups in tympanic membrane status, or other otolaringological evaluations. No significant differences were observed in audiometric tests at any frequencies between the groups (p values for all > 0.05).

Conclusion: There was not a difference between pregnant cases with HG and cases with normal pregnancy in terms of audimetric tests. Cochlear functions are not affected remarkably in women with HG.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Pure tone thresholds of the patient and controls (left ear)
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Figure 0002: Pure tone thresholds of the patient and controls (left ear)

Mentions: The mean age of the patients with HG was 26.5 ± 4.4 years, and the mean age of the control group was 28.0 ± 4 .2 years. At the time of the tests, the mean gestational ages of the HG group and controls were 9 and 11 weeks, respectively. Otoscopic examinations were normal in all patients, and no statistical differences were observed between HG patients and healthy pregnant controls in the baseline characteristics, such as age, duration of pregnancy, or obstetric history. There was no statistical differences between the groups in tympanic membrane status or other otolaryngological evaluations. Normal peak compliance, peak pressure, gradient, ear canal volume, and acoustic reflexes were obtained by immittance measures in the patients and controls. The average pure tone bone conduction hearing thresholds in both groups at each frequency are shown at Table 1. No significant differences were observed in the audiometric tests at any frequencies between the groups (p values for all > 0.05). Because there were no air-bone gaps in the participants, only the bone conduction thresholds were taken into consideration. There were no significant differences in terms of the pure tone thresholds of the patients and controls (p > 0.05) Figure 1 and Figure 2. Sensorineural hearing loss was found in 10 patients (35%), and it was bilateral in seven and unilateral in three patients.


Evaluation of hearing and cochlear function by audiometric testing in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum.

Kale A, Yavuz A, Selçuk A, Demirtas Ö, Terzi H, Genç S - Pan Afr Med J (2015)

Pure tone thresholds of the patient and controls (left ear)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4482522&req=5

Figure 0002: Pure tone thresholds of the patient and controls (left ear)
Mentions: The mean age of the patients with HG was 26.5 ± 4.4 years, and the mean age of the control group was 28.0 ± 4 .2 years. At the time of the tests, the mean gestational ages of the HG group and controls were 9 and 11 weeks, respectively. Otoscopic examinations were normal in all patients, and no statistical differences were observed between HG patients and healthy pregnant controls in the baseline characteristics, such as age, duration of pregnancy, or obstetric history. There was no statistical differences between the groups in tympanic membrane status or other otolaryngological evaluations. Normal peak compliance, peak pressure, gradient, ear canal volume, and acoustic reflexes were obtained by immittance measures in the patients and controls. The average pure tone bone conduction hearing thresholds in both groups at each frequency are shown at Table 1. No significant differences were observed in the audiometric tests at any frequencies between the groups (p values for all > 0.05). Because there were no air-bone gaps in the participants, only the bone conduction thresholds were taken into consideration. There were no significant differences in terms of the pure tone thresholds of the patients and controls (p > 0.05) Figure 1 and Figure 2. Sensorineural hearing loss was found in 10 patients (35%), and it was bilateral in seven and unilateral in three patients.

Bottom Line: No differences were observed between the groups in tympanic membrane status, or other otolaringological evaluations.There was not a difference between pregnant cases with HG and cases with normal pregnancy in terms of audimetric tests.Cochlear functions are not affected remarkably in women with HG.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Kocaeli Derince Education and Research Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kocaeli, Turkey.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate cochlear functions in patients with hyperemesis gravidarum (HG).

Methods: Twenty-nine HG patients (58 ears) and 31 healthy control subjects (62 ears) were included. Audiometry testings at 250 and 500 Hz and 1, 2, 4, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 kHz were performed to the patients and controls.

Results: Mean age of patients with HG was 26,5 ± 4,4 years and the mean age of control group was 28,0 ± 4,2 years. At the time of the tests mean gestational age of the HG group and controls were 9 and 11 weeks respectively. No differences were observed between the groups in tympanic membrane status, or other otolaringological evaluations. No significant differences were observed in audiometric tests at any frequencies between the groups (p values for all > 0.05).

Conclusion: There was not a difference between pregnant cases with HG and cases with normal pregnancy in terms of audimetric tests. Cochlear functions are not affected remarkably in women with HG.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus