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The Effects of Sa-am Acupuncture Simpo-jeongkyeok Treatment on the Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate, and Body Temperature.

Choi WJ, Cho YY, Sun SH - J Pharmacopuncture (2015)

Bottom Line: A minimal BT increase for treatment at CV06 and CV12 and a minimal BT decrease for treatment at CV17 and (Ex) Yintang were found.Patients in the treatment group who visited more frequently experienced a greater decrease in the PR, but that effect was not maintained.The results suggest that SAA SPJK treatment has instant positive effects on the BP, PR, and BT in patients with HB, but the effects on the BP and PR are not maintained.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Korean Medicine, Sangji University, Wonju, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study evaluated the effects of sa-am acupuncture (SAA) simpo-jeongkyeok (SPJK) treatment on the blood pressure (BP), pulse rate (PR), and body temperature (BT) of patients with hwa byung (HB).

Methods: This patient assessor blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial included 50 volunteers, divided randomly into two groups. The treatment group underwent SPJK (PC9, LR1, PC3, KI10) while the control (sham) group received minimal needle insertion at non acupoints. The BP in both arms, PR, and BT at several acupoints were measured before and after treatment at the 1(st), 2(nd), 3(rd), and 4(th) visits and before treatment at the follow-up visit. We analyzed data by using the repeated measured analysis of variance (RM ANOVA), Mann-Whitney U, and wilcoxon signed rank tests; differences at P < 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: No significant differences in the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and PR between the treatment and control group were observed at each visit. However, the decrease in the SBP for the treatment group before and after each visit was significantly higher than it was in the control group. The SBP in both arms in the treatment group was decreased between visits 1 and 2, 1 and 3, 1 and 4, and 1 and follow-up. The DBP in both arms and in the right arm between visits 1 and 3 in the treatment group showed decreases. A minimal BT increase for treatment at CV06 and CV12 and a minimal BT decrease for treatment at CV17 and (Ex) Yintang were found. Patients in the treatment group who visited more frequently experienced a greater decrease in the PR, but that effect was not maintained.

Conclusion: The results suggest that SAA SPJK treatment has instant positive effects on the BP, PR, and BT in patients with HB, but the effects on the BP and PR are not maintained.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Systolic Blood Pressure at each visit: AT1, first treatment; AT2, second treatment; AT3, third treatment; AT4, fourth treatment; F/U5, follow-up visit 2 weeks after the end of all treatment; BP, blood pressure; Rt, right; Lt, left.
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Figure 003: Systolic Blood Pressure at each visit: AT1, first treatment; AT2, second treatment; AT3, third treatment; AT4, fourth treatment; F/U5, follow-up visit 2 weeks after the end of all treatment; BP, blood pressure; Rt, right; Lt, left.

Mentions: The right (Rt.) and the left (Lt.) side systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the treatment group showed 4.2% and 4% decreases, respectively. The decrease in the both side SBP continued until visit 4. Until the f/u visit, the decrease in the Lt. side SBP was minimal and the decrease in the Rt. side SBP was maintained. However, no significant differences in the SBP and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in between the control and the treatment groups were observed at each visit (RM ANOVA, SBP within group P = 0.357, between groups P = 0.706; DBP within group P = 0.244, between groups P = 0.561) (Figs. 3,4). The differences in the SBP between before and after treatment at each visit between the treatment and the control groups were significant (Table 3) The BP differences between before and after treatment were higher in the treatment group than in the control group except for left arm systolic pressure at the third visit of the control group (Figs. 3,4). The DBP of the treatment group also was decreased by 8.5% on the Rt. side and by 5.3% on the Lt. side at visit 2, but that drop in the BP steadily declined at each later visit. The DBP before and after treatment in the treatment group showed no difference compared to the control group (Figs. 3,4, Table 2). The SBP of both arms in the treatment group showed decreases between visits 1 and 2, 1 and 3, 1 and 4 and 1 and the f/u visit. The both arm DBP between visit 1 and visit 3 and the right arm DBP showed decreases (Table 2).


The Effects of Sa-am Acupuncture Simpo-jeongkyeok Treatment on the Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate, and Body Temperature.

Choi WJ, Cho YY, Sun SH - J Pharmacopuncture (2015)

Systolic Blood Pressure at each visit: AT1, first treatment; AT2, second treatment; AT3, third treatment; AT4, fourth treatment; F/U5, follow-up visit 2 weeks after the end of all treatment; BP, blood pressure; Rt, right; Lt, left.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4481397&req=5

Figure 003: Systolic Blood Pressure at each visit: AT1, first treatment; AT2, second treatment; AT3, third treatment; AT4, fourth treatment; F/U5, follow-up visit 2 weeks after the end of all treatment; BP, blood pressure; Rt, right; Lt, left.
Mentions: The right (Rt.) and the left (Lt.) side systolic blood pressure (SBP) of the treatment group showed 4.2% and 4% decreases, respectively. The decrease in the both side SBP continued until visit 4. Until the f/u visit, the decrease in the Lt. side SBP was minimal and the decrease in the Rt. side SBP was maintained. However, no significant differences in the SBP and the diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in between the control and the treatment groups were observed at each visit (RM ANOVA, SBP within group P = 0.357, between groups P = 0.706; DBP within group P = 0.244, between groups P = 0.561) (Figs. 3,4). The differences in the SBP between before and after treatment at each visit between the treatment and the control groups were significant (Table 3) The BP differences between before and after treatment were higher in the treatment group than in the control group except for left arm systolic pressure at the third visit of the control group (Figs. 3,4). The DBP of the treatment group also was decreased by 8.5% on the Rt. side and by 5.3% on the Lt. side at visit 2, but that drop in the BP steadily declined at each later visit. The DBP before and after treatment in the treatment group showed no difference compared to the control group (Figs. 3,4, Table 2). The SBP of both arms in the treatment group showed decreases between visits 1 and 2, 1 and 3, 1 and 4 and 1 and the f/u visit. The both arm DBP between visit 1 and visit 3 and the right arm DBP showed decreases (Table 2).

Bottom Line: A minimal BT increase for treatment at CV06 and CV12 and a minimal BT decrease for treatment at CV17 and (Ex) Yintang were found.Patients in the treatment group who visited more frequently experienced a greater decrease in the PR, but that effect was not maintained.The results suggest that SAA SPJK treatment has instant positive effects on the BP, PR, and BT in patients with HB, but the effects on the BP and PR are not maintained.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Neuropsychiatry, College of Korean Medicine, Sangji University, Wonju, Korea.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study evaluated the effects of sa-am acupuncture (SAA) simpo-jeongkyeok (SPJK) treatment on the blood pressure (BP), pulse rate (PR), and body temperature (BT) of patients with hwa byung (HB).

Methods: This patient assessor blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial included 50 volunteers, divided randomly into two groups. The treatment group underwent SPJK (PC9, LR1, PC3, KI10) while the control (sham) group received minimal needle insertion at non acupoints. The BP in both arms, PR, and BT at several acupoints were measured before and after treatment at the 1(st), 2(nd), 3(rd), and 4(th) visits and before treatment at the follow-up visit. We analyzed data by using the repeated measured analysis of variance (RM ANOVA), Mann-Whitney U, and wilcoxon signed rank tests; differences at P < 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: No significant differences in the systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and PR between the treatment and control group were observed at each visit. However, the decrease in the SBP for the treatment group before and after each visit was significantly higher than it was in the control group. The SBP in both arms in the treatment group was decreased between visits 1 and 2, 1 and 3, 1 and 4, and 1 and follow-up. The DBP in both arms and in the right arm between visits 1 and 3 in the treatment group showed decreases. A minimal BT increase for treatment at CV06 and CV12 and a minimal BT decrease for treatment at CV17 and (Ex) Yintang were found. Patients in the treatment group who visited more frequently experienced a greater decrease in the PR, but that effect was not maintained.

Conclusion: The results suggest that SAA SPJK treatment has instant positive effects on the BP, PR, and BT in patients with HB, but the effects on the BP and PR are not maintained.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus