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Repurposing ebselen for treatment of multidrug-resistant staphylococcal infections.

Thangamani S, Younis W, Seleem MN - Sci Rep (2015)

Bottom Line: Additionally, ebselen was remarkably active and significantly reduced established staphylococcal biofilms.Ebselen 1% and 2% significantly reduced the bacterial load and the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and monocyte chemo attractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in MRSA USA300 skin lesions.This study provides evidence that ebselen has great potential for topical treatment of MRSA skin infections and lays the foundation for further analysis and development of ebselen as a potential treatment for multidrug-resistant staphylococcal infections.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

ABSTRACT
Novel antimicrobials and new approaches to developing them are urgently needed. Repurposing already-approved drugs with well-characterized toxicology and pharmacology is a novel way to reduce the time, cost, and risk associated with antibiotic innovation. Ebselen, an organoselenium compound, is known to be clinically safe and has a well-known pharmacology profile. It has shown potent bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA and VRSA). We demonstrated that ebselen acts through inhibition of protein synthesis and subsequently inhibited toxin production in MRSA. Additionally, ebselen was remarkably active and significantly reduced established staphylococcal biofilms. The therapeutic efficacy of ebselen was evaluated in a mouse model of staphylococcal skin infections. Ebselen 1% and 2% significantly reduced the bacterial load and the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and monocyte chemo attractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in MRSA USA300 skin lesions. Furthermore, it acts synergistically with traditional antimicrobials. This study provides evidence that ebselen has great potential for topical treatment of MRSA skin infections and lays the foundation for further analysis and development of ebselen as a potential treatment for multidrug-resistant staphylococcal infections.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Efficacy of treatment of MRSA skin lesions with ebselen 0.5, 1, and 2%, linezolid (25 mg/kg), mupirocin (2%) and petroleum jelly (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (a). Treatment with ebselen 1% and lipoderm (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (b). Statistical analysis was calculated by the two-tailed Student t test. P values of (*P ≤0.05) (**P ≤0.01) are considered as significant. (#). Detailed P values are listed: (a): Control vs 2% linezolid, 0.0038; Control vs 2% mupirocin, 0.0020; Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0337; Control vs 2% ebselen, 0.0032. (b): Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0280.
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f5: Efficacy of treatment of MRSA skin lesions with ebselen 0.5, 1, and 2%, linezolid (25 mg/kg), mupirocin (2%) and petroleum jelly (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (a). Treatment with ebselen 1% and lipoderm (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (b). Statistical analysis was calculated by the two-tailed Student t test. P values of (*P ≤0.05) (**P ≤0.01) are considered as significant. (#). Detailed P values are listed: (a): Control vs 2% linezolid, 0.0038; Control vs 2% mupirocin, 0.0020; Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0337; Control vs 2% ebselen, 0.0032. (b): Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0280.

Mentions: Five groups of mice were treated topically either with vehicle alone (petroleum jelly) or control antibiotic (2% mupirocin) or ebselen (0.5%, 1%, or 2%) twice a day for five days. One group of mice was treated with linezolid orally. As shown in Fig. 5a, ebselen (1% and 2%) significantly reduced the mean bacterial counts compared with the control group (P ≤ 0.01). The group treated with 2% mupirocin had the highest reduction in CFU (2.28 ± 0.25 log10), followed by 2% ebselen (1.71 ± 0.11 log10), linezolid (25 mg/kg) (1.55 ± 0.01 log10), and 1% ebselen (1.02 ± 0.17 log10).


Repurposing ebselen for treatment of multidrug-resistant staphylococcal infections.

Thangamani S, Younis W, Seleem MN - Sci Rep (2015)

Efficacy of treatment of MRSA skin lesions with ebselen 0.5, 1, and 2%, linezolid (25 mg/kg), mupirocin (2%) and petroleum jelly (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (a). Treatment with ebselen 1% and lipoderm (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (b). Statistical analysis was calculated by the two-tailed Student t test. P values of (*P ≤0.05) (**P ≤0.01) are considered as significant. (#). Detailed P values are listed: (a): Control vs 2% linezolid, 0.0038; Control vs 2% mupirocin, 0.0020; Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0337; Control vs 2% ebselen, 0.0032. (b): Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0280.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4481386&req=5

f5: Efficacy of treatment of MRSA skin lesions with ebselen 0.5, 1, and 2%, linezolid (25 mg/kg), mupirocin (2%) and petroleum jelly (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (a). Treatment with ebselen 1% and lipoderm (negative control) twice daily for 5 days (b). Statistical analysis was calculated by the two-tailed Student t test. P values of (*P ≤0.05) (**P ≤0.01) are considered as significant. (#). Detailed P values are listed: (a): Control vs 2% linezolid, 0.0038; Control vs 2% mupirocin, 0.0020; Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0337; Control vs 2% ebselen, 0.0032. (b): Control vs 1% ebselen, 0.0280.
Mentions: Five groups of mice were treated topically either with vehicle alone (petroleum jelly) or control antibiotic (2% mupirocin) or ebselen (0.5%, 1%, or 2%) twice a day for five days. One group of mice was treated with linezolid orally. As shown in Fig. 5a, ebselen (1% and 2%) significantly reduced the mean bacterial counts compared with the control group (P ≤ 0.01). The group treated with 2% mupirocin had the highest reduction in CFU (2.28 ± 0.25 log10), followed by 2% ebselen (1.71 ± 0.11 log10), linezolid (25 mg/kg) (1.55 ± 0.01 log10), and 1% ebselen (1.02 ± 0.17 log10).

Bottom Line: Additionally, ebselen was remarkably active and significantly reduced established staphylococcal biofilms.Ebselen 1% and 2% significantly reduced the bacterial load and the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and monocyte chemo attractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in MRSA USA300 skin lesions.This study provides evidence that ebselen has great potential for topical treatment of MRSA skin infections and lays the foundation for further analysis and development of ebselen as a potential treatment for multidrug-resistant staphylococcal infections.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Comparative Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

ABSTRACT
Novel antimicrobials and new approaches to developing them are urgently needed. Repurposing already-approved drugs with well-characterized toxicology and pharmacology is a novel way to reduce the time, cost, and risk associated with antibiotic innovation. Ebselen, an organoselenium compound, is known to be clinically safe and has a well-known pharmacology profile. It has shown potent bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin- and vancomycin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA and VRSA). We demonstrated that ebselen acts through inhibition of protein synthesis and subsequently inhibited toxin production in MRSA. Additionally, ebselen was remarkably active and significantly reduced established staphylococcal biofilms. The therapeutic efficacy of ebselen was evaluated in a mouse model of staphylococcal skin infections. Ebselen 1% and 2% significantly reduced the bacterial load and the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and monocyte chemo attractant protein-1 (MCP-1) in MRSA USA300 skin lesions. Furthermore, it acts synergistically with traditional antimicrobials. This study provides evidence that ebselen has great potential for topical treatment of MRSA skin infections and lays the foundation for further analysis and development of ebselen as a potential treatment for multidrug-resistant staphylococcal infections.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus