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Hope and Hopelessness: The Role of Hope in Buffering the Impact of Hopelessness on Suicidal Ideation.

Huen JM, Ip BY, Ho SM, Yip PS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study investigated whether hope and hopelessness are better conceptualized as a single construct of bipolar spectrum or two distinct constructs and whether hope can moderate the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation.

Methods: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.

Results: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a measurement model with separate, correlated second-order factors of hope and hopelessness provided a good fit to the data and was significantly better than that of the model collapsing hope and hopelessness into a single second-order factor. Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.

Conclusions: Hope and hopelessness are two distinct but correlated constructs. Hope can act as a resilience factor that buffers the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Interaction Plot of Hope Moderating Hopelessness in Predicting Suicidal Ideation.Level of hope (as measured by the Hope Scale) moderates the relationship between hopelessness (as measured by the Beck Hopelessness Scale) and suicidal ideation (as measured by the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire). For individuals high on hope (scoring one standard deviation above the mean on the Hope Scale), there is smaller increase in suicidal ideation at higher levels of hopelessness than individuals low on hope (scoring one standard deviation below the mean on the Hope Scale).
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pone.0130073.g003: Interaction Plot of Hope Moderating Hopelessness in Predicting Suicidal Ideation.Level of hope (as measured by the Hope Scale) moderates the relationship between hopelessness (as measured by the Beck Hopelessness Scale) and suicidal ideation (as measured by the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire). For individuals high on hope (scoring one standard deviation above the mean on the Hope Scale), there is smaller increase in suicidal ideation at higher levels of hopelessness than individuals low on hope (scoring one standard deviation below the mean on the Hope Scale).

Mentions: The deviances of the three negative binomial regression models are shown in Table 4. Based on the deviance analysis, there is improved fit among the three over the previous models, ∆deviance Model 1—Model 2 = 115.04, p < .001; ∆deviance Model 3—Model 2 = 4.42, p < .05. Thus, the best model in predicting suicidal ideation is the model with two main effects (hope and hopelessness) and an interaction effect between hope and hopelessness. The interaction between variables is plotted in Fig 3. At low hope (1SD below the mean), the association between hopelessness and suicidal ideation was positive (simple slope = 0.028, t = -7.05, p < .05). At high hope (1SD above the mean), the association between hopelessness and suicidal ideation was smaller but still positive (simple slope = 0.027, t = -6.55, p < .05).


Hope and Hopelessness: The Role of Hope in Buffering the Impact of Hopelessness on Suicidal Ideation.

Huen JM, Ip BY, Ho SM, Yip PS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Interaction Plot of Hope Moderating Hopelessness in Predicting Suicidal Ideation.Level of hope (as measured by the Hope Scale) moderates the relationship between hopelessness (as measured by the Beck Hopelessness Scale) and suicidal ideation (as measured by the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire). For individuals high on hope (scoring one standard deviation above the mean on the Hope Scale), there is smaller increase in suicidal ideation at higher levels of hopelessness than individuals low on hope (scoring one standard deviation below the mean on the Hope Scale).
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4481312&req=5

pone.0130073.g003: Interaction Plot of Hope Moderating Hopelessness in Predicting Suicidal Ideation.Level of hope (as measured by the Hope Scale) moderates the relationship between hopelessness (as measured by the Beck Hopelessness Scale) and suicidal ideation (as measured by the Adult Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire). For individuals high on hope (scoring one standard deviation above the mean on the Hope Scale), there is smaller increase in suicidal ideation at higher levels of hopelessness than individuals low on hope (scoring one standard deviation below the mean on the Hope Scale).
Mentions: The deviances of the three negative binomial regression models are shown in Table 4. Based on the deviance analysis, there is improved fit among the three over the previous models, ∆deviance Model 1—Model 2 = 115.04, p < .001; ∆deviance Model 3—Model 2 = 4.42, p < .05. Thus, the best model in predicting suicidal ideation is the model with two main effects (hope and hopelessness) and an interaction effect between hope and hopelessness. The interaction between variables is plotted in Fig 3. At low hope (1SD below the mean), the association between hopelessness and suicidal ideation was positive (simple slope = 0.028, t = -7.05, p < .05). At high hope (1SD above the mean), the association between hopelessness and suicidal ideation was smaller but still positive (simple slope = 0.027, t = -6.55, p < .05).

Bottom Line: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study investigated whether hope and hopelessness are better conceptualized as a single construct of bipolar spectrum or two distinct constructs and whether hope can moderate the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation.

Methods: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.

Results: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a measurement model with separate, correlated second-order factors of hope and hopelessness provided a good fit to the data and was significantly better than that of the model collapsing hope and hopelessness into a single second-order factor. Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.

Conclusions: Hope and hopelessness are two distinct but correlated constructs. Hope can act as a resilience factor that buffers the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus