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Hope and Hopelessness: The Role of Hope in Buffering the Impact of Hopelessness on Suicidal Ideation.

Huen JM, Ip BY, Ho SM, Yip PS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study investigated whether hope and hopelessness are better conceptualized as a single construct of bipolar spectrum or two distinct constructs and whether hope can moderate the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation.

Methods: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.

Results: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a measurement model with separate, correlated second-order factors of hope and hopelessness provided a good fit to the data and was significantly better than that of the model collapsing hope and hopelessness into a single second-order factor. Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.

Conclusions: Hope and hopelessness are two distinct but correlated constructs. Hope can act as a resilience factor that buffers the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Interaction between Hope and Hopelessness within the Context of Suicidal Ideation.
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pone.0130073.g002: Interaction between Hope and Hopelessness within the Context of Suicidal Ideation.

Mentions: As hope and hopelessness are two separate constructs, they can interact with each other in four different combinations to result in either high or low likelihood of suicidal ideation as depicted in Fig 2. In particular, the effect of hope in buffering the likelihood of suicidal ideation is evident when individuals are at high levels of hopelessness (i.e., the individuals are at an increased likelihood of suicidal ideation). On the other hand, when the level of hopelessness is low (i.e., the individuals are not at an increased likelihood of suicidal ideation); hope only makes a small difference in the likelihood of suicidal ideation.


Hope and Hopelessness: The Role of Hope in Buffering the Impact of Hopelessness on Suicidal Ideation.

Huen JM, Ip BY, Ho SM, Yip PS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Interaction between Hope and Hopelessness within the Context of Suicidal Ideation.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4481312&req=5

pone.0130073.g002: Interaction between Hope and Hopelessness within the Context of Suicidal Ideation.
Mentions: As hope and hopelessness are two separate constructs, they can interact with each other in four different combinations to result in either high or low likelihood of suicidal ideation as depicted in Fig 2. In particular, the effect of hope in buffering the likelihood of suicidal ideation is evident when individuals are at high levels of hopelessness (i.e., the individuals are at an increased likelihood of suicidal ideation). On the other hand, when the level of hopelessness is low (i.e., the individuals are not at an increased likelihood of suicidal ideation); hope only makes a small difference in the likelihood of suicidal ideation.

Bottom Line: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study investigated whether hope and hopelessness are better conceptualized as a single construct of bipolar spectrum or two distinct constructs and whether hope can moderate the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation.

Methods: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.

Results: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a measurement model with separate, correlated second-order factors of hope and hopelessness provided a good fit to the data and was significantly better than that of the model collapsing hope and hopelessness into a single second-order factor. Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.

Conclusions: Hope and hopelessness are two distinct but correlated constructs. Hope can act as a resilience factor that buffers the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus