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Hope and Hopelessness: The Role of Hope in Buffering the Impact of Hopelessness on Suicidal Ideation.

Huen JM, Ip BY, Ho SM, Yip PS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study investigated whether hope and hopelessness are better conceptualized as a single construct of bipolar spectrum or two distinct constructs and whether hope can moderate the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation.

Methods: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.

Results: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a measurement model with separate, correlated second-order factors of hope and hopelessness provided a good fit to the data and was significantly better than that of the model collapsing hope and hopelessness into a single second-order factor. Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.

Conclusions: Hope and hopelessness are two distinct but correlated constructs. Hope can act as a resilience factor that buffers the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Hope and Hopelessness as Two Separate Constructs.
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pone.0130073.g001: Hope and Hopelessness as Two Separate Constructs.

Mentions: The concept of hope and hopelessness as two separate constructs is depicted in Fig 1. Instead of being opposite poles of one spectrum, hope and hopelessness have their own bipolar spectra. A person can have a raised sense of agency and problem-solving abilities (i.e., hope) on one spectrum, together with the presence of negative future-oriented thoughts (i.e., hopelessness) on the other. For example, Person A has seasonal affective disorder and he is now having its symptoms during the seasonal change. He oversleeps and overeats, and he has heightened pessimistic feelings about his future. However, along with hopelessness, Person A has some hope as determined by his past successful experiences of coping with seasonal affective disorder and his present attempts to make adjustment to his oversleeping and overeating behaviours and pessimistic thoughts. Indeed, the difference in temporal focus between the two constructs also provides a basis for individuals to have hope and hopelessness at the same time. Whereas hopelessness focuses on the anticipation of future experiences or consequences, hope focuses on past and present experiences of successful goal pursuit.


Hope and Hopelessness: The Role of Hope in Buffering the Impact of Hopelessness on Suicidal Ideation.

Huen JM, Ip BY, Ho SM, Yip PS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Hope and Hopelessness as Two Separate Constructs.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4481312&req=5

pone.0130073.g001: Hope and Hopelessness as Two Separate Constructs.
Mentions: The concept of hope and hopelessness as two separate constructs is depicted in Fig 1. Instead of being opposite poles of one spectrum, hope and hopelessness have their own bipolar spectra. A person can have a raised sense of agency and problem-solving abilities (i.e., hope) on one spectrum, together with the presence of negative future-oriented thoughts (i.e., hopelessness) on the other. For example, Person A has seasonal affective disorder and he is now having its symptoms during the seasonal change. He oversleeps and overeats, and he has heightened pessimistic feelings about his future. However, along with hopelessness, Person A has some hope as determined by his past successful experiences of coping with seasonal affective disorder and his present attempts to make adjustment to his oversleeping and overeating behaviours and pessimistic thoughts. Indeed, the difference in temporal focus between the two constructs also provides a basis for individuals to have hope and hopelessness at the same time. Whereas hopelessness focuses on the anticipation of future experiences or consequences, hope focuses on past and present experiences of successful goal pursuit.

Bottom Line: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Hong Kong Jockey Club Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China.

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The present study investigated whether hope and hopelessness are better conceptualized as a single construct of bipolar spectrum or two distinct constructs and whether hope can moderate the relationship between hopelessness and suicidal ideation.

Methods: Hope, hopelessness, and suicidal ideation were measured in a community sample of 2106 participants through a population-based household survey.

Results: Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a measurement model with separate, correlated second-order factors of hope and hopelessness provided a good fit to the data and was significantly better than that of the model collapsing hope and hopelessness into a single second-order factor. Negative binomial regression showed that hope and hopelessness interacted such that the effect of hopelessness on suicidal ideation was lower in individuals with higher hope than individuals with lower hope.

Conclusions: Hope and hopelessness are two distinct but correlated constructs. Hope can act as a resilience factor that buffers the impact of hopelessness on suicidal ideation. Inducing hope in people may be a promising avenue for suicide prevention.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus