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Fauna and Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran.

Khoshdel-Nezamiha F, Vatandoost H, Azari-Hamidian S, Bavani MM, Dabiri F, Entezar-Mahdi R, Chavshin AR - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2014)

Bottom Line: This is the first record of Oc. geniculatus in the province.Due to the geographical location of the West Azerbaijan Province, it comprises different climatic condition which provides suitable environment for the establishment of various species of mosquitoes.The solidarity geographical, cultural and territorial exchanges complicate the situation of the province and its vectors as a threat for future and probable epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Research Center of Social Determinants of Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran ; Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Several important diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes. Despite of the potential of the occurrence of some mosquito-borne diseases such as West Nile, dirofilariasis and malaria in the region, there is no recent study of mosquitoes in West Azerbaijan Province. The aim of this investigation was to study the fauna, composition and distribution of mosquitoes and the characteristics of their larval habitats in this province.

Methods: Larvae and adult collections were carried out from different habitats using the standard methods in twenty five localities of seven counties across West Azerbaijan Province.

Results: Overall, 1569 mosquitoes including 1336 larvae and 233 adults were collected from 25 localities. The details of geographical properties were recorded. Five genera along with 12 species were collected and identified including: Anopheles claviger, An. maculipennis s.l., An. superpictus, Culex pipiens, Cx. theileri, Cx. modestus, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Culiseta Longiareolata, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l., Oc. geniculatus and Uranotaenia unguiculata. This is the first record of Oc. geniculatus in the province.

Conclusion: Due to the geographical location of the West Azerbaijan Province, it comprises different climatic condition which provides suitable environment for the establishment of various species of mosquitoes. The solidarity geographical, cultural and territorial exchanges complicate the situation of the province and its vectors as a threat for future and probable epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

West Azerbaijan Province and the location of the studied counties, 1) Bazargan, 2) Poldasht, 3) Makoo, 4) Urmia, 5) Naghadeh, 6) Mahabad and 7) Sardasht
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Figure 1: West Azerbaijan Province and the location of the studied counties, 1) Bazargan, 2) Poldasht, 3) Makoo, 4) Urmia, 5) Naghadeh, 6) Mahabad and 7) Sardasht

Mentions: West Azerbaijan Province is located in the northwest of Iran, bordering the countries: Turkey, Iraq, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan and Kurdistan. It covers an area of 39,487 km2, or 43,660 km2 including Lake Urmia. The 12 counties of this province have been located in different climate and geographical areas such as mountainous areas near the border with Iraq and Turkey, plains near the Aras and other rivers and the coast-line of the Urmia Lake (Fig. 1). The geographical details of collecting localities have been presented in Table 1.


Fauna and Larval Habitats of Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of West Azerbaijan Province, Northwestern Iran.

Khoshdel-Nezamiha F, Vatandoost H, Azari-Hamidian S, Bavani MM, Dabiri F, Entezar-Mahdi R, Chavshin AR - J Arthropod Borne Dis (2014)

West Azerbaijan Province and the location of the studied counties, 1) Bazargan, 2) Poldasht, 3) Makoo, 4) Urmia, 5) Naghadeh, 6) Mahabad and 7) Sardasht
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4478428&req=5

Figure 1: West Azerbaijan Province and the location of the studied counties, 1) Bazargan, 2) Poldasht, 3) Makoo, 4) Urmia, 5) Naghadeh, 6) Mahabad and 7) Sardasht
Mentions: West Azerbaijan Province is located in the northwest of Iran, bordering the countries: Turkey, Iraq, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan and Kurdistan. It covers an area of 39,487 km2, or 43,660 km2 including Lake Urmia. The 12 counties of this province have been located in different climate and geographical areas such as mountainous areas near the border with Iraq and Turkey, plains near the Aras and other rivers and the coast-line of the Urmia Lake (Fig. 1). The geographical details of collecting localities have been presented in Table 1.

Bottom Line: This is the first record of Oc. geniculatus in the province.Due to the geographical location of the West Azerbaijan Province, it comprises different climatic condition which provides suitable environment for the establishment of various species of mosquitoes.The solidarity geographical, cultural and territorial exchanges complicate the situation of the province and its vectors as a threat for future and probable epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Research Center of Social Determinants of Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran ; Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Several important diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes. Despite of the potential of the occurrence of some mosquito-borne diseases such as West Nile, dirofilariasis and malaria in the region, there is no recent study of mosquitoes in West Azerbaijan Province. The aim of this investigation was to study the fauna, composition and distribution of mosquitoes and the characteristics of their larval habitats in this province.

Methods: Larvae and adult collections were carried out from different habitats using the standard methods in twenty five localities of seven counties across West Azerbaijan Province.

Results: Overall, 1569 mosquitoes including 1336 larvae and 233 adults were collected from 25 localities. The details of geographical properties were recorded. Five genera along with 12 species were collected and identified including: Anopheles claviger, An. maculipennis s.l., An. superpictus, Culex pipiens, Cx. theileri, Cx. modestus, Cx. hortensis, Cx. mimeticus, Culiseta Longiareolata, Ochlerotatus caspius s.l., Oc. geniculatus and Uranotaenia unguiculata. This is the first record of Oc. geniculatus in the province.

Conclusion: Due to the geographical location of the West Azerbaijan Province, it comprises different climatic condition which provides suitable environment for the establishment of various species of mosquitoes. The solidarity geographical, cultural and territorial exchanges complicate the situation of the province and its vectors as a threat for future and probable epidemics of mosquito-borne diseases.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus