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Challenges and opportunities for effective adoption of HRH information systems in developing countries: national rollout of HRHIS and TIIS in Tanzania.

Ishijima H, Mapunda M, Mndeme M, Sukums F, Mlay VS - Hum Resour Health (2015)

Bottom Line: We learned that detailed situation analysis and understanding of the reality on the ground helped to reduce the "design-reality gap" and contributed to establishing user-friendly systems and to improve sustainability of the systems.This paper illustrates the successful development and national rollout of two information systems for HRH in Tanzania.The approaches used and activities conducted here and lessons learned could be useful for countries which are planning to establish HR information systems.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: HRH Development Project, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania. hisahiro.ishijima@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The establishment of a functional information system for human resource for health (HRH) was one of the major challenges for the Tanzanian health sector. In 2008, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare developed the HRH Strategic Plan, in which establishment of computerized information systems were one of the strategic objectives. In response to this objective, the Ministry developed two information systems, namely the Human Resource for Health Information System (HRHIS) and the Training Institution Information System (TIIS), to capture information from both the public and private sectors.

Case description: The national rollout of HRHIS and TIIS was carried out in four phases during a 6 year period between 2009 and 2014. Together with other activities, the rollout process included conducting system operation training and data utilization training for evidence-based planning, development and management of HRH and social welfare workers and health training institutions.

Discussion: HRHIS was rolled out in all 25 regions of the Tanzanian mainland, including 171 districts, and TIIS was rolled out in all 154 health training institutions and universities. Information is captured from both the private and public health sectors with high-data coverage. The authors identified several key factors for the achievements such as using local experts for developing the systems, involvement of system users, positive attitudes among users, focusing on routine work of the system users and provision of operations and data utilization trainings. However, several challenges were also identified such as getting a consensus on sustainable HR information systems among stakeholders, difficulty in obtaining baseline HRH information, inadequate computer skills and unsatisfactory infrastructure for information and communication technology. We learned that detailed situation analysis and understanding of the reality on the ground helped to reduce the "design-reality gap" and contributed to establishing user-friendly systems and to improve sustainability of the systems.

Conclusions: This paper illustrates the successful development and national rollout of two information systems for HRH in Tanzania. The approaches used and activities conducted here and lessons learned could be useful for countries which are planning to establish HR information systems.

No MeSH data available.


Relations among different organizations and HRHIS/TIIS
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Fig4: Relations among different organizations and HRHIS/TIIS

Mentions: A 3 day intensive training workshop was conducted to learn how to operate the systems. Since HRHIS and TIIS are computerized information systems, basic computer skills were taught at the beginning of the training, followed by operational skills and knowledge of the systems. All training sessions were conducted at regional capitals. However, the arrangement of computer laboratories in remote areas was challenging. Therefore, laptop computers, projectors and associated accessories were procured for a mobile computer laboratory, and both systems were installed onto the computers. This mobile training computer laboratory was very useful in training many target users within a short period and in reducing lots of logistic arrangements, as well as costs for hiring computer laboratories (Fig. 4).Fig. 4


Challenges and opportunities for effective adoption of HRH information systems in developing countries: national rollout of HRHIS and TIIS in Tanzania.

Ishijima H, Mapunda M, Mndeme M, Sukums F, Mlay VS - Hum Resour Health (2015)

Relations among different organizations and HRHIS/TIIS
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4477301&req=5

Fig4: Relations among different organizations and HRHIS/TIIS
Mentions: A 3 day intensive training workshop was conducted to learn how to operate the systems. Since HRHIS and TIIS are computerized information systems, basic computer skills were taught at the beginning of the training, followed by operational skills and knowledge of the systems. All training sessions were conducted at regional capitals. However, the arrangement of computer laboratories in remote areas was challenging. Therefore, laptop computers, projectors and associated accessories were procured for a mobile computer laboratory, and both systems were installed onto the computers. This mobile training computer laboratory was very useful in training many target users within a short period and in reducing lots of logistic arrangements, as well as costs for hiring computer laboratories (Fig. 4).Fig. 4

Bottom Line: We learned that detailed situation analysis and understanding of the reality on the ground helped to reduce the "design-reality gap" and contributed to establishing user-friendly systems and to improve sustainability of the systems.This paper illustrates the successful development and national rollout of two information systems for HRH in Tanzania.The approaches used and activities conducted here and lessons learned could be useful for countries which are planning to establish HR information systems.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: HRH Development Project, Japan International Cooperation Agency, Dar es Salaam, United Republic of Tanzania. hisahiro.ishijima@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: The establishment of a functional information system for human resource for health (HRH) was one of the major challenges for the Tanzanian health sector. In 2008, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare developed the HRH Strategic Plan, in which establishment of computerized information systems were one of the strategic objectives. In response to this objective, the Ministry developed two information systems, namely the Human Resource for Health Information System (HRHIS) and the Training Institution Information System (TIIS), to capture information from both the public and private sectors.

Case description: The national rollout of HRHIS and TIIS was carried out in four phases during a 6 year period between 2009 and 2014. Together with other activities, the rollout process included conducting system operation training and data utilization training for evidence-based planning, development and management of HRH and social welfare workers and health training institutions.

Discussion: HRHIS was rolled out in all 25 regions of the Tanzanian mainland, including 171 districts, and TIIS was rolled out in all 154 health training institutions and universities. Information is captured from both the private and public health sectors with high-data coverage. The authors identified several key factors for the achievements such as using local experts for developing the systems, involvement of system users, positive attitudes among users, focusing on routine work of the system users and provision of operations and data utilization trainings. However, several challenges were also identified such as getting a consensus on sustainable HR information systems among stakeholders, difficulty in obtaining baseline HRH information, inadequate computer skills and unsatisfactory infrastructure for information and communication technology. We learned that detailed situation analysis and understanding of the reality on the ground helped to reduce the "design-reality gap" and contributed to establishing user-friendly systems and to improve sustainability of the systems.

Conclusions: This paper illustrates the successful development and national rollout of two information systems for HRH in Tanzania. The approaches used and activities conducted here and lessons learned could be useful for countries which are planning to establish HR information systems.

No MeSH data available.