Limits...
Proteases of Wood Rot Fungi with Emphasis on the Genus Pleurotus.

Inácio FD, Ferreira RO, de Araujo CA, Brugnari T, Castoldi R, Peralta RM, de Souza CG - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: The characteristics of this genus are easy cultivation techniques, high yield, low nutrient requirements, and excellent adaptation.There are few studies in the literature about proteases of Pleurotus spp.This review gathers together information about proteases, especially those derived from basidiomycetes, and aims at stimulating further research about fungal proteases because of their physiological importance and their application in various industries such as biotechnology and medicine.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Biochemistry of Microorganisms, Department of Biochemistry, State University of Maringá, Avenue Colombo 5790, 87015-900 Maringá, PR, Brazil ; Federal Institute of Paraná, Campus Jacarezinho, Avenue Doutor Tito s/n, Jardim Panorama, 86400-000 Jacarezinho, PR, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Proteases are present in all living organisms and they play an important role in physiological conditions. Cell growth and death, blood clotting, and immune defense are all examples of the importance of proteases in maintaining homeostasis. There is growing interest in proteases due to their use for industrial purposes. The search for proteases with specific characteristics is designed to reduce production costs and to find suitable properties for certain industrial sectors, as well as good producing organisms. Ninety percent of commercialized proteases are obtained from microbial sources and proteases from macromycetes have recently gained prominence in the search for new enzymes with specific characteristics. The production of proteases from saprophytic basidiomycetes has led to the identification of various classes of proteases. The genus Pleurotus has been extensively studied because of its ligninolytic enzymes. The characteristics of this genus are easy cultivation techniques, high yield, low nutrient requirements, and excellent adaptation. There are few studies in the literature about proteases of Pleurotus spp. This review gathers together information about proteases, especially those derived from basidiomycetes, and aims at stimulating further research about fungal proteases because of their physiological importance and their application in various industries such as biotechnology and medicine.

No MeSH data available.


Pleurotus pulmonarius.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection


getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4477095&req=5

fig1: Pleurotus pulmonarius.

Mentions: Different strains of Pleurotus spp. (Figure 1) exhibit specific behaviors, which vary depending on the conditions where they are cultivated, including environmental factors such as types of substrates and supplementation. A study of three strains of P. eryngii using sawdust and rice straw as a substrate for cultivation showed significant differences between the strains regarding growth rates, number of days for the first harvest, biological efficiency, and other parameters [72]. P. eryngii is considered as one of the best species of the genus due to its consistency and because it has a longer lifetime than all the other species of Pleurotus. While most of the fungi in the Agaricales order show steady growth in tree trunks, P. eryngii grows well in subtropical pastures and grows excellently during cold periods [72].


Proteases of Wood Rot Fungi with Emphasis on the Genus Pleurotus.

Inácio FD, Ferreira RO, de Araujo CA, Brugnari T, Castoldi R, Peralta RM, de Souza CG - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Pleurotus pulmonarius.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4477095&req=5

fig1: Pleurotus pulmonarius.
Mentions: Different strains of Pleurotus spp. (Figure 1) exhibit specific behaviors, which vary depending on the conditions where they are cultivated, including environmental factors such as types of substrates and supplementation. A study of three strains of P. eryngii using sawdust and rice straw as a substrate for cultivation showed significant differences between the strains regarding growth rates, number of days for the first harvest, biological efficiency, and other parameters [72]. P. eryngii is considered as one of the best species of the genus due to its consistency and because it has a longer lifetime than all the other species of Pleurotus. While most of the fungi in the Agaricales order show steady growth in tree trunks, P. eryngii grows well in subtropical pastures and grows excellently during cold periods [72].

Bottom Line: The characteristics of this genus are easy cultivation techniques, high yield, low nutrient requirements, and excellent adaptation.There are few studies in the literature about proteases of Pleurotus spp.This review gathers together information about proteases, especially those derived from basidiomycetes, and aims at stimulating further research about fungal proteases because of their physiological importance and their application in various industries such as biotechnology and medicine.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratory of Biochemistry of Microorganisms, Department of Biochemistry, State University of Maringá, Avenue Colombo 5790, 87015-900 Maringá, PR, Brazil ; Federal Institute of Paraná, Campus Jacarezinho, Avenue Doutor Tito s/n, Jardim Panorama, 86400-000 Jacarezinho, PR, Brazil.

ABSTRACT
Proteases are present in all living organisms and they play an important role in physiological conditions. Cell growth and death, blood clotting, and immune defense are all examples of the importance of proteases in maintaining homeostasis. There is growing interest in proteases due to their use for industrial purposes. The search for proteases with specific characteristics is designed to reduce production costs and to find suitable properties for certain industrial sectors, as well as good producing organisms. Ninety percent of commercialized proteases are obtained from microbial sources and proteases from macromycetes have recently gained prominence in the search for new enzymes with specific characteristics. The production of proteases from saprophytic basidiomycetes has led to the identification of various classes of proteases. The genus Pleurotus has been extensively studied because of its ligninolytic enzymes. The characteristics of this genus are easy cultivation techniques, high yield, low nutrient requirements, and excellent adaptation. There are few studies in the literature about proteases of Pleurotus spp. This review gathers together information about proteases, especially those derived from basidiomycetes, and aims at stimulating further research about fungal proteases because of their physiological importance and their application in various industries such as biotechnology and medicine.

No MeSH data available.