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What makes a thriver? Unifying the concepts of posttraumatic and postecstatic growth.

Mangelsdorf J, Eid M - Front Psychol (2015)

Bottom Line: Results showed that posttraumatic and postecstatic growth are highly interrelated.All elements of the thriver model were key variables for the prediction of growth.Supportive relationships and positive emotions had a direct effect on growth, while meaning making mediated the direct effect of major life events.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Free University of Berlin Berlin, Germany ; Max Planck Institute for Human Development Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The thriver model is a novel framework that unifies the concepts of posttraumatic and postecstatic growth. According to the model, it is not the quality of an event, but the way it is processed, that is critical for the occurrence of post-event growth. The model proposes that meaning making, supportive relationships, and positive emotions facilitate growth processes after positive as well as traumatic experiences. The tenability of these propositions was investigated in two dissimilar cultures. In Study 1, participants from the USA (n = 555) and India (n = 599) answered an extended version of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale to rank the socioemotional impact of events. Results indicate that negative events are perceived as more impactful than positive ones in the USA, whereas the reverse is true in India. In Study 2, participants from the USA (n = 342) and India (n = 341) answered questions about the thriver model's main components. Results showed that posttraumatic and postecstatic growth are highly interrelated. All elements of the thriver model were key variables for the prediction of growth. Supportive relationships and positive emotions had a direct effect on growth, while meaning making mediated the direct effect of major life events.

No MeSH data available.


Results of the event rating for the Indian and U.S. sample. Green data points represent positive life events, and red data points represent negative experiences.
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Figure 2: Results of the event rating for the Indian and U.S. sample. Green data points represent positive life events, and red data points represent negative experiences.

Mentions: The U.S. sample showed higher variability, a greater number of outliers, higher trimmed mean values and, for many items, a different rank order than the Indian sample. Outstanding differences occurred for traumatic items linked to sexual abuse and for peak experiences such as falling in love or marriage. While participants of the U.S. sample amplified the impact of sexual molestation, love and marriage played only a minor role in their ranking. The reverse effect could be found in the Indian sample. Both samples showed far-reaching cross-cultural differences in the rating of major life events. A critical finding is the varying importance of negative and positive events in the US and India displayed in Figure 2.


What makes a thriver? Unifying the concepts of posttraumatic and postecstatic growth.

Mangelsdorf J, Eid M - Front Psychol (2015)

Results of the event rating for the Indian and U.S. sample. Green data points represent positive life events, and red data points represent negative experiences.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4477056&req=5

Figure 2: Results of the event rating for the Indian and U.S. sample. Green data points represent positive life events, and red data points represent negative experiences.
Mentions: The U.S. sample showed higher variability, a greater number of outliers, higher trimmed mean values and, for many items, a different rank order than the Indian sample. Outstanding differences occurred for traumatic items linked to sexual abuse and for peak experiences such as falling in love or marriage. While participants of the U.S. sample amplified the impact of sexual molestation, love and marriage played only a minor role in their ranking. The reverse effect could be found in the Indian sample. Both samples showed far-reaching cross-cultural differences in the rating of major life events. A critical finding is the varying importance of negative and positive events in the US and India displayed in Figure 2.

Bottom Line: Results showed that posttraumatic and postecstatic growth are highly interrelated.All elements of the thriver model were key variables for the prediction of growth.Supportive relationships and positive emotions had a direct effect on growth, while meaning making mediated the direct effect of major life events.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, Free University of Berlin Berlin, Germany ; Max Planck Institute for Human Development Berlin, Germany.

ABSTRACT
The thriver model is a novel framework that unifies the concepts of posttraumatic and postecstatic growth. According to the model, it is not the quality of an event, but the way it is processed, that is critical for the occurrence of post-event growth. The model proposes that meaning making, supportive relationships, and positive emotions facilitate growth processes after positive as well as traumatic experiences. The tenability of these propositions was investigated in two dissimilar cultures. In Study 1, participants from the USA (n = 555) and India (n = 599) answered an extended version of the Social Readjustment Rating Scale to rank the socioemotional impact of events. Results indicate that negative events are perceived as more impactful than positive ones in the USA, whereas the reverse is true in India. In Study 2, participants from the USA (n = 342) and India (n = 341) answered questions about the thriver model's main components. Results showed that posttraumatic and postecstatic growth are highly interrelated. All elements of the thriver model were key variables for the prediction of growth. Supportive relationships and positive emotions had a direct effect on growth, while meaning making mediated the direct effect of major life events.

No MeSH data available.