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Gait Analysis in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy.

Nishimura H, Endo K, Suzuki H, Tanaka H, Shishido T, Yamamoto K - Asian Spine J (2015)

Bottom Line: Although the clinical symptoms were lacking, Nurick grade 1 had significant abnormalities in the parameters of velocity, step length, and step angle (p<0.05).Gait analysis was an objective tool for evaluating the gait stability.Our results suggested that when the percentage of the stance phase in the gait cycle increases to above 70%, the CSM patients have an increased fall risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Study design: Gait analysis of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) by using a sheet-type gait analysis system.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the gait patterns of patients with CSM, evaluated by the Nurick grades, and to determine the threshold values of gait parameters predicting the occurrence of a fall by using a gait recorder.

Overview of literature: Gait disorder due to CSM may progress to severe paraplegia, following even a minor trauma such as a fall. The indications for the surgery of CSM without severe paralysis remain controversial. The quantitative gait analysis and the decision for decompressive surgery in patients with CSM are important in order to prevent severe paraplegia from a fall.

Methods: One hundred thirty-two subjects (normal, 34; CSM, 98) underwent gait analysis by using a sensor sheet. Measurements of gait cycle parameters included the step and stride length, step width, foot angle, swing phase, and stance phase. CSM was assessed by Nurick grade.

Results: Although the clinical symptoms were lacking, Nurick grade 1 had significant abnormalities in the parameters of velocity, step length, and step angle (p<0.05). Regarding the Nurick grade and walking phase, the length of the stance phase was increased to more than 70% of the entire walking cycle in Nurick grade 4.

Conclusions: Gait analysis was an objective tool for evaluating the gait stability. Our results suggested that when the percentage of the stance phase in the gait cycle increases to above 70%, the CSM patients have an increased fall risk.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Definitions of gait parameters.
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Figure 1: Definitions of gait parameters.

Mentions: The patients were examined 3 times, and the average of those results were taken. Measurements of gait cycle parameters included the step angle, step length, step width, and gait velocity. Outward rotation of the feet was measured as a positive angle (Fig. 1). The gait cycle consists of a swing phase and a stance phase. Generally, the stance phase and swing phase account for 60% and 40%, respectively (Fig. 2) [10]. The clinical gait disturbance in patients with CSM was evaluated according to the Nurick grade (Table 2) [11].


Gait Analysis in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy.

Nishimura H, Endo K, Suzuki H, Tanaka H, Shishido T, Yamamoto K - Asian Spine J (2015)

Definitions of gait parameters.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4472579&req=5

Figure 1: Definitions of gait parameters.
Mentions: The patients were examined 3 times, and the average of those results were taken. Measurements of gait cycle parameters included the step angle, step length, step width, and gait velocity. Outward rotation of the feet was measured as a positive angle (Fig. 1). The gait cycle consists of a swing phase and a stance phase. Generally, the stance phase and swing phase account for 60% and 40%, respectively (Fig. 2) [10]. The clinical gait disturbance in patients with CSM was evaluated according to the Nurick grade (Table 2) [11].

Bottom Line: Although the clinical symptoms were lacking, Nurick grade 1 had significant abnormalities in the parameters of velocity, step length, and step angle (p<0.05).Gait analysis was an objective tool for evaluating the gait stability.Our results suggested that when the percentage of the stance phase in the gait cycle increases to above 70%, the CSM patients have an increased fall risk.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Study design: Gait analysis of patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) by using a sheet-type gait analysis system.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the gait patterns of patients with CSM, evaluated by the Nurick grades, and to determine the threshold values of gait parameters predicting the occurrence of a fall by using a gait recorder.

Overview of literature: Gait disorder due to CSM may progress to severe paraplegia, following even a minor trauma such as a fall. The indications for the surgery of CSM without severe paralysis remain controversial. The quantitative gait analysis and the decision for decompressive surgery in patients with CSM are important in order to prevent severe paraplegia from a fall.

Methods: One hundred thirty-two subjects (normal, 34; CSM, 98) underwent gait analysis by using a sensor sheet. Measurements of gait cycle parameters included the step and stride length, step width, foot angle, swing phase, and stance phase. CSM was assessed by Nurick grade.

Results: Although the clinical symptoms were lacking, Nurick grade 1 had significant abnormalities in the parameters of velocity, step length, and step angle (p<0.05). Regarding the Nurick grade and walking phase, the length of the stance phase was increased to more than 70% of the entire walking cycle in Nurick grade 4.

Conclusions: Gait analysis was an objective tool for evaluating the gait stability. Our results suggested that when the percentage of the stance phase in the gait cycle increases to above 70%, the CSM patients have an increased fall risk.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus