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Medical Student Research: An Integrated Mixed-Methods Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Amgad M, Man Kin Tsui M, Liptrott SJ, Shash E - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Medical student participation in research is associated with improved short- and long- term scientific productivity, more informed career choices and improved knowledge about-, interest in- and attitudes towards research.Financial worries, gender, having a higher degree (MSc or PhD) before matriculation and perceived competitiveness of the residency of choice are among the factors that affect the engagement of medical students in research and/or their scientific productivity.Intercalated BSc degrees, mandatory graduation theses and curricular research components may help in standardizing research education during medical school.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Okinawa, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Importance: Despite the rapidly declining number of physician-investigators, there is no consistent structure within medical education so far for involving medical students in research.

Objective: To conduct an integrated mixed-methods systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies about medical students' participation in research, and to evaluate the evidence in order to guide policy decision-making regarding this issue.

Evidence review: We followed the PRISMA statement guidelines during the preparation of this review and meta-analysis. We searched various databases as well as the bibliographies of the included studies between March 2012 and September 2013. We identified all relevant quantitative and qualitative studies assessing the effect of medical student participation in research, without restrictions regarding study design or publication date. Prespecified outcome-specific quality criteria were used to judge the admission of each quantitative outcome into the meta-analysis. Initial screening of titles and abstracts resulted in the retrieval of 256 articles for full-text assessment. Eventually, 79 articles were included in our study, including eight qualitative studies. An integrated approach was used to combine quantitative and qualitative studies into a single synthesis. Once all included studies were identified, a data-driven thematic analysis was performed.

Findings and conclusions: Medical student participation in research is associated with improved short- and long- term scientific productivity, more informed career choices and improved knowledge about-, interest in- and attitudes towards research. Financial worries, gender, having a higher degree (MSc or PhD) before matriculation and perceived competitiveness of the residency of choice are among the factors that affect the engagement of medical students in research and/or their scientific productivity. Intercalated BSc degrees, mandatory graduation theses and curricular research components may help in standardizing research education during medical school.

No MeSH data available.


Characterizing the research performed by medical students.
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pone.0127470.g009: Characterizing the research performed by medical students.

Mentions: In the following section of this review we discuss a number of miscellaneous topics relevant to medical student research. Three of these topics were discussed in light of quantitative data, and are summarized in Fig 8[28,29,47–49,53,54,58,59,62,63,67,71,79,81,83,88,89,92] and Fig 9[24,27,33,37,38,50,64,70]. Though they did not pass our inclusion criteria, four of the citations screened were personal perspectives provided by medical students, and are worth mentioning for enriching the discussion. They discussed the importance of the research experience on their medical career [115,116], the importance of medical students' research in increasing national research output [117] and the relevance of lab research involving animals to appreciation of human anatomy and physiology [118].


Medical Student Research: An Integrated Mixed-Methods Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Amgad M, Man Kin Tsui M, Liptrott SJ, Shash E - PLoS ONE (2015)

Characterizing the research performed by medical students.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4472353&req=5

pone.0127470.g009: Characterizing the research performed by medical students.
Mentions: In the following section of this review we discuss a number of miscellaneous topics relevant to medical student research. Three of these topics were discussed in light of quantitative data, and are summarized in Fig 8[28,29,47–49,53,54,58,59,62,63,67,71,79,81,83,88,89,92] and Fig 9[24,27,33,37,38,50,64,70]. Though they did not pass our inclusion criteria, four of the citations screened were personal perspectives provided by medical students, and are worth mentioning for enriching the discussion. They discussed the importance of the research experience on their medical career [115,116], the importance of medical students' research in increasing national research output [117] and the relevance of lab research involving animals to appreciation of human anatomy and physiology [118].

Bottom Line: Medical student participation in research is associated with improved short- and long- term scientific productivity, more informed career choices and improved knowledge about-, interest in- and attitudes towards research.Financial worries, gender, having a higher degree (MSc or PhD) before matriculation and perceived competitiveness of the residency of choice are among the factors that affect the engagement of medical students in research and/or their scientific productivity.Intercalated BSc degrees, mandatory graduation theses and curricular research components may help in standardizing research education during medical school.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University, Okinawa, Japan.

ABSTRACT

Importance: Despite the rapidly declining number of physician-investigators, there is no consistent structure within medical education so far for involving medical students in research.

Objective: To conduct an integrated mixed-methods systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies about medical students' participation in research, and to evaluate the evidence in order to guide policy decision-making regarding this issue.

Evidence review: We followed the PRISMA statement guidelines during the preparation of this review and meta-analysis. We searched various databases as well as the bibliographies of the included studies between March 2012 and September 2013. We identified all relevant quantitative and qualitative studies assessing the effect of medical student participation in research, without restrictions regarding study design or publication date. Prespecified outcome-specific quality criteria were used to judge the admission of each quantitative outcome into the meta-analysis. Initial screening of titles and abstracts resulted in the retrieval of 256 articles for full-text assessment. Eventually, 79 articles were included in our study, including eight qualitative studies. An integrated approach was used to combine quantitative and qualitative studies into a single synthesis. Once all included studies were identified, a data-driven thematic analysis was performed.

Findings and conclusions: Medical student participation in research is associated with improved short- and long- term scientific productivity, more informed career choices and improved knowledge about-, interest in- and attitudes towards research. Financial worries, gender, having a higher degree (MSc or PhD) before matriculation and perceived competitiveness of the residency of choice are among the factors that affect the engagement of medical students in research and/or their scientific productivity. Intercalated BSc degrees, mandatory graduation theses and curricular research components may help in standardizing research education during medical school.

No MeSH data available.