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Prevalence and risk factors for carriage of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli on household and small-scale chicken farms in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam.

Nguyen VT, Carrique-Mas JJ, Ngo TH, Ho HM, Ha TT, Campbell JI, Nguyen TN, Hoang NN, Pham VM, Wagenaar JA, Hardon A, Thai QH, Schultsz C - J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (2015)

Bottom Line: Ciprofloxacin resistance was significantly associated with quinolone usage (OR = 2.26) and tetracycline usage (OR = 1.70).ESBL-producing E. coli were associated with farms containing fish ponds (OR = 4.82).Household and small farms showed frequent antimicrobial usage associated with a high prevalence of resistance to the most commonly used antimicrobials.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Department of Global Health-Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam trungnv@oucru.org.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Distribution of the percentage of E. coli isolates resistant to ceftazidime, gentamicin and nalidixic acid across all farms (n = 208).
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DKV053F1: Distribution of the percentage of E. coli isolates resistant to ceftazidime, gentamicin and nalidixic acid across all farms (n = 208).

Mentions: The proportion of E. coli isolates that were resistant to ceftazidime, gentamicin and nalidixic acid in relation to the total E. coli population in each farm was estimated and is depicted in Figure 1. Colonies resistant to gentamicin and nalidixic acid accounted for 100% of E. coli-like colonies for 9 (4.3%) and 32 (15.4%) farms, respectively.Figure 1.


Prevalence and risk factors for carriage of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli on household and small-scale chicken farms in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam.

Nguyen VT, Carrique-Mas JJ, Ngo TH, Ho HM, Ha TT, Campbell JI, Nguyen TN, Hoang NN, Pham VM, Wagenaar JA, Hardon A, Thai QH, Schultsz C - J. Antimicrob. Chemother. (2015)

Distribution of the percentage of E. coli isolates resistant to ceftazidime, gentamicin and nalidixic acid across all farms (n = 208).
© Copyright Policy - creative-commons
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4472326&req=5

DKV053F1: Distribution of the percentage of E. coli isolates resistant to ceftazidime, gentamicin and nalidixic acid across all farms (n = 208).
Mentions: The proportion of E. coli isolates that were resistant to ceftazidime, gentamicin and nalidixic acid in relation to the total E. coli population in each farm was estimated and is depicted in Figure 1. Colonies resistant to gentamicin and nalidixic acid accounted for 100% of E. coli-like colonies for 9 (4.3%) and 32 (15.4%) farms, respectively.Figure 1.

Bottom Line: Ciprofloxacin resistance was significantly associated with quinolone usage (OR = 2.26) and tetracycline usage (OR = 1.70).ESBL-producing E. coli were associated with farms containing fish ponds (OR = 4.82).Household and small farms showed frequent antimicrobial usage associated with a high prevalence of resistance to the most commonly used antimicrobials.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Microbiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Department of Global Health-Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Centre for Tropical Medicine, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam trungnv@oucru.org.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus