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Hematological changes of silver carp (hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in response to Diazinon pesticide.

Hedayati A, Hassan Nataj Niazie E - J Environ Health Sci Eng (2015)

Bottom Line: The mount of MCV and MCH were significantly increased at 48 h and then decreased at 96 h (P < 0.05).Moreover, there was a significant increasing in neutrophils count at 48 h, and then a significant decreasing at 96 h (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in RBC, monocyte and eosinophile counts among treatment groups at different sampling intervals.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Diazinon is widely consumed for plague control in the agricultural farms and in domestic and aquaculture aspects. The present research purposed to evaluate the effect of half-lethal concentration (LC50) of diazinon on some biochemical and hematological parameters of silver carp, hypophthalmichthys molitrix, after 0, 24, 48 and 96 h. The results showed that the values of leukocytes (WBC), haematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin (Hb), MCHC, lymphocyte, cortisol and glucose were significantly increased (P < 0.05). The mount of MCV and MCH were significantly increased at 48 h and then decreased at 96 h (P < 0.05). Moreover, there was a significant increasing in neutrophils count at 48 h, and then a significant decreasing at 96 h (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in RBC, monocyte and eosinophile counts among treatment groups at different sampling intervals. Thereupon, low-term (96 h) exposure to diazinon at half-lethal concentration (LC50) caused biochemical and hematological changes in silver carp, and offers a simply implement to appraise toxicity-derivatived changes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

M.C.V., M.C.H. and M.C.H.C. change of silver carp during exposure to LC50–96h dazinon
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Fig2: M.C.V., M.C.H. and M.C.H.C. change of silver carp during exposure to LC50–96h dazinon

Mentions: Our findings showed that MCV and MCH levels increased in fish exposed to 50 % LC50 diazinon at 48 h but MCHC level increased at 96 h (Fig. 2). Results of the study were similar with the findings of Banaee et al. [13] about MCV and MCH. Shaluie et al. [12] to survey on silver carp exposed to Nanocid expressed that MCH and MCHC levels raised. Also, Mohammad Nejad et al. [17] and Anees [14] to studying on Rutilus frisii kutum and Bloch (Channa punctatus) in exposed to diazinon found out that MCH, MCV and MCHC levels increased that were agreement with our study.Fig. 2


Hematological changes of silver carp (hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in response to Diazinon pesticide.

Hedayati A, Hassan Nataj Niazie E - J Environ Health Sci Eng (2015)

M.C.V., M.C.H. and M.C.H.C. change of silver carp during exposure to LC50–96h dazinon
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4472266&req=5

Fig2: M.C.V., M.C.H. and M.C.H.C. change of silver carp during exposure to LC50–96h dazinon
Mentions: Our findings showed that MCV and MCH levels increased in fish exposed to 50 % LC50 diazinon at 48 h but MCHC level increased at 96 h (Fig. 2). Results of the study were similar with the findings of Banaee et al. [13] about MCV and MCH. Shaluie et al. [12] to survey on silver carp exposed to Nanocid expressed that MCH and MCHC levels raised. Also, Mohammad Nejad et al. [17] and Anees [14] to studying on Rutilus frisii kutum and Bloch (Channa punctatus) in exposed to diazinon found out that MCH, MCV and MCHC levels increased that were agreement with our study.Fig. 2

Bottom Line: The mount of MCV and MCH were significantly increased at 48 h and then decreased at 96 h (P < 0.05).Moreover, there was a significant increasing in neutrophils count at 48 h, and then a significant decreasing at 96 h (P < 0.05).There were no significant differences in RBC, monocyte and eosinophile counts among treatment groups at different sampling intervals.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Fisheries and Environment, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Gorgan, Iran.

ABSTRACT
Diazinon is widely consumed for plague control in the agricultural farms and in domestic and aquaculture aspects. The present research purposed to evaluate the effect of half-lethal concentration (LC50) of diazinon on some biochemical and hematological parameters of silver carp, hypophthalmichthys molitrix, after 0, 24, 48 and 96 h. The results showed that the values of leukocytes (WBC), haematocrit (Ht), hemoglobin (Hb), MCHC, lymphocyte, cortisol and glucose were significantly increased (P < 0.05). The mount of MCV and MCH were significantly increased at 48 h and then decreased at 96 h (P < 0.05). Moreover, there was a significant increasing in neutrophils count at 48 h, and then a significant decreasing at 96 h (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in RBC, monocyte and eosinophile counts among treatment groups at different sampling intervals. Thereupon, low-term (96 h) exposure to diazinon at half-lethal concentration (LC50) caused biochemical and hematological changes in silver carp, and offers a simply implement to appraise toxicity-derivatived changes.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus