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New method for identifying abnormal milling states of an otological drill.

Li Y, Li X, Feng G, Gao Z, Shen P - Med Devices (Auckl) (2015)

Bottom Line: Five surgeons were invited to perform experiments on calvarial bones.The average recognition rate for entanglement of the drill bit with a cotton swab was 92%, with only 2% of normal millings being identified as milling faults.The method presented here can be adapted to the needs of the individual surgeon and reliably identify milling faults.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Automation and Electrical Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
Surgeons are continuing to strive toward achieving higher quality minimally invasive surgery. With the growth of modern technology, intelligent medical devices are being used to improve the safety of surgery. Milling beyond the bone tissue wall is a common abnormal milling state in ear surgery, as well as entanglement of the drill bit with the cotton swab, which will do harm to the patient's encephalic tissues. Various methods have been investigated by engineers and surgeons in an effort to avoid this type of abnormal milling state during surgery. This paper outlines a new method for identifying these two types of abnormal milling states. Five surgeons were invited to perform experiments on calvarial bones. The average recognition rate for otological drill milling through a bone tissue wall was 93%, with only 2% of normal millings being incorrectly identified as milling faults. The average recognition rate for entanglement of the drill bit with a cotton swab was 92%, with only 2% of normal millings being identified as milling faults. The method presented here can be adapted to the needs of the individual surgeon and reliably identify milling faults.

No MeSH data available.


Milling process in otological surgery.
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f1-mder-8-207: Milling process in otological surgery.

Mentions: The otological drill is one of the fundamental tools used in ear surgery. It is usually used to mill holes in the skull to remove diseased tissue or provide access for further intervention, including cochlear implantation.1 It is controlled directly by the operating surgeon, and requires a high degree of hand-foot coordination, with one hand controlling its path and one foot controlling its switch state. As an intracranial surgery of high risk, the surgical cavity for otological surgery is narrow (Figure 1). The drill bit, which operates at high speed, can easily damage important intracranial structures.2


New method for identifying abnormal milling states of an otological drill.

Li Y, Li X, Feng G, Gao Z, Shen P - Med Devices (Auckl) (2015)

Milling process in otological surgery.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4472131&req=5

f1-mder-8-207: Milling process in otological surgery.
Mentions: The otological drill is one of the fundamental tools used in ear surgery. It is usually used to mill holes in the skull to remove diseased tissue or provide access for further intervention, including cochlear implantation.1 It is controlled directly by the operating surgeon, and requires a high degree of hand-foot coordination, with one hand controlling its path and one foot controlling its switch state. As an intracranial surgery of high risk, the surgical cavity for otological surgery is narrow (Figure 1). The drill bit, which operates at high speed, can easily damage important intracranial structures.2

Bottom Line: Five surgeons were invited to perform experiments on calvarial bones.The average recognition rate for entanglement of the drill bit with a cotton swab was 92%, with only 2% of normal millings being identified as milling faults.The method presented here can be adapted to the needs of the individual surgeon and reliably identify milling faults.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: School of Automation and Electrical Engineering, University of Science and Technology, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

ABSTRACT
Surgeons are continuing to strive toward achieving higher quality minimally invasive surgery. With the growth of modern technology, intelligent medical devices are being used to improve the safety of surgery. Milling beyond the bone tissue wall is a common abnormal milling state in ear surgery, as well as entanglement of the drill bit with the cotton swab, which will do harm to the patient's encephalic tissues. Various methods have been investigated by engineers and surgeons in an effort to avoid this type of abnormal milling state during surgery. This paper outlines a new method for identifying these two types of abnormal milling states. Five surgeons were invited to perform experiments on calvarial bones. The average recognition rate for otological drill milling through a bone tissue wall was 93%, with only 2% of normal millings being incorrectly identified as milling faults. The average recognition rate for entanglement of the drill bit with a cotton swab was 92%, with only 2% of normal millings being identified as milling faults. The method presented here can be adapted to the needs of the individual surgeon and reliably identify milling faults.

No MeSH data available.