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An organic jelly made fractal logic gate with an infinite truth table.

Ghosh S, Fujita D, Bandyopadhyay A - Sci Rep (2015)

Bottom Line: This is natural property of a linear chain oscillator.In principle, zooming of truth table would continue forever.Thus, we invent a new class of infinite logic gate for the first time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1] National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Advanced Key Technologies Division, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Japan. [2] Mass General Hospital (Harvard Medical School), Building-114, 16th Street, Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts-02129 USA.

ABSTRACT
Widely varying logic gates invented over a century are all finite. As data deluge problem looms large on the information processing and communication industry, the thrust to explore radical concepts is increasing rapidly. Here, we design and synthesis a molecule, wherein, the input energy transmits in a cycle inside the molecular system, just like an oscillator, then, we use the molecule to make a jelly that acts as chain of oscillators with a fractal like resonance band. Hence, with the increasing detection resolution, in the vacant space between two energy levels of a given resonance band, a new band appears, due to fractal nature, generation of newer energy levels never stops. This is natural property of a linear chain oscillator. As we correlate each energy level of the resonance band of organic jelly, as a function of pH and density of the jelly, we realize a logic gate, whose truth table is finite, but if we zoom any small part, a new truth table appears. In principle, zooming of truth table would continue forever. Thus, we invent a new class of infinite logic gate for the first time.

No MeSH data available.


(a-f) (a) CEES spectrum for the PAMAM; (b). CEES spectrum for the NR-PAMAM; (c). CEES spectrum for NR-PAMAM; (d). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797; (e). CEES for PAMAM-NR-MM; (f). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797-MM. Note that these data are density and pH dependent. (g). Schematic shows CS and MC dual path (h) Potential surface of PCMS. One lobe is zoomed below. (i) Peaks variation with density from 2 mg/mL to 10mg/mL (j) Peaks variation from pH. 2 to PH 12.
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f2: (a-f) (a) CEES spectrum for the PAMAM; (b). CEES spectrum for the NR-PAMAM; (c). CEES spectrum for NR-PAMAM; (d). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797; (e). CEES for PAMAM-NR-MM; (f). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797-MM. Note that these data are density and pH dependent. (g). Schematic shows CS and MC dual path (h) Potential surface of PCMS. One lobe is zoomed below. (i) Peaks variation with density from 2 mg/mL to 10mg/mL (j) Peaks variation from pH. 2 to PH 12.

Mentions: In order to confirm that PCMS molecule is the desired electromagnetic oscillator, we need experimental and theoretical evidence that say, if an input energy would first be captured by S, then C and then M, then this S → C → M path is universal, all routes except this are blocked. In the Combined Excitation Emission Spectroscopy (CEES, see Methods, online text B), there are distinct peaks for P, C, M and S in the CEES plot. Therefore, if we change pH or density gradually, we find that the high intensity peaks in the CEES plot move along a line as shown in the Fig. 2a–f, wherein, we see that the peaks for S, C and M turns bright sequentially. We demonstrate the triangular energy transmission path in Movie 4 online, wherein one can see that M and S exchanges energy only via C (Fig. 2g).


An organic jelly made fractal logic gate with an infinite truth table.

Ghosh S, Fujita D, Bandyopadhyay A - Sci Rep (2015)

(a-f) (a) CEES spectrum for the PAMAM; (b). CEES spectrum for the NR-PAMAM; (c). CEES spectrum for NR-PAMAM; (d). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797; (e). CEES for PAMAM-NR-MM; (f). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797-MM. Note that these data are density and pH dependent. (g). Schematic shows CS and MC dual path (h) Potential surface of PCMS. One lobe is zoomed below. (i) Peaks variation with density from 2 mg/mL to 10mg/mL (j) Peaks variation from pH. 2 to PH 12.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4471884&req=5

f2: (a-f) (a) CEES spectrum for the PAMAM; (b). CEES spectrum for the NR-PAMAM; (c). CEES spectrum for NR-PAMAM; (d). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797; (e). CEES for PAMAM-NR-MM; (f). CEES spectrum for PAMAM-NR-NIR797-MM. Note that these data are density and pH dependent. (g). Schematic shows CS and MC dual path (h) Potential surface of PCMS. One lobe is zoomed below. (i) Peaks variation with density from 2 mg/mL to 10mg/mL (j) Peaks variation from pH. 2 to PH 12.
Mentions: In order to confirm that PCMS molecule is the desired electromagnetic oscillator, we need experimental and theoretical evidence that say, if an input energy would first be captured by S, then C and then M, then this S → C → M path is universal, all routes except this are blocked. In the Combined Excitation Emission Spectroscopy (CEES, see Methods, online text B), there are distinct peaks for P, C, M and S in the CEES plot. Therefore, if we change pH or density gradually, we find that the high intensity peaks in the CEES plot move along a line as shown in the Fig. 2a–f, wherein, we see that the peaks for S, C and M turns bright sequentially. We demonstrate the triangular energy transmission path in Movie 4 online, wherein one can see that M and S exchanges energy only via C (Fig. 2g).

Bottom Line: This is natural property of a linear chain oscillator.In principle, zooming of truth table would continue forever.Thus, we invent a new class of infinite logic gate for the first time.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: 1] National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Advanced Key Technologies Division, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Japan. [2] Mass General Hospital (Harvard Medical School), Building-114, 16th Street, Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts-02129 USA.

ABSTRACT
Widely varying logic gates invented over a century are all finite. As data deluge problem looms large on the information processing and communication industry, the thrust to explore radical concepts is increasing rapidly. Here, we design and synthesis a molecule, wherein, the input energy transmits in a cycle inside the molecular system, just like an oscillator, then, we use the molecule to make a jelly that acts as chain of oscillators with a fractal like resonance band. Hence, with the increasing detection resolution, in the vacant space between two energy levels of a given resonance band, a new band appears, due to fractal nature, generation of newer energy levels never stops. This is natural property of a linear chain oscillator. As we correlate each energy level of the resonance band of organic jelly, as a function of pH and density of the jelly, we realize a logic gate, whose truth table is finite, but if we zoom any small part, a new truth table appears. In principle, zooming of truth table would continue forever. Thus, we invent a new class of infinite logic gate for the first time.

No MeSH data available.