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Quantitative analysis of the nutritional components in leaves and seeds of the Persian Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori.

Asghari G, Palizban A, Bakhshaei B - Pharmacognosy Res (2015 Jul-Sep)

Bottom Line: Moringa peregrina (M. peregrina) is an important tropical tree recognized for its nutritional and medicinal properties.The acidic digested leaves and seeds were analyzed for Vitamins C and A, calcium, and potassium using atomic adsorption and flame emission spectrophotometer.The nutritional characteristics of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori, investigated in this study revealed that, daily use of leaves and seeds of this plant could significantly provide the recommended dietary allowance for the Vitamins C and A, and minerals, such as calcium and potassium.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Moringa peregrina (M. peregrina) is an important tropical tree recognized for its nutritional and medicinal properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional component in the leaves and seeds of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori.

Materials and methods: The M. peregrina leaves and seeds of wild cultivated trees were collected from the areas of arid environment located in the South-East of the Iran. The leaves and seeds of M. peregrina were dried and grounded to a fine powder and kept in dark for the day of experiment. The acidic digested leaves and seeds were analyzed for Vitamins C and A, calcium, and potassium using atomic adsorption and flame emission spectrophotometer.

Results: The analytical data revealed that the leaves and seeds of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori contain sufficient amounts of Vitamin C: 83 ± 0.5 and 14 ± 0.6 mg/100 g/DW; and Vitamin A: 6.8 ± 0.7 and 24.8 ± 0.7 mg/100 g/DW, respectively. The elemental analysis in the leaves and seeds showed that the calcium content are 764.8 ± 1.6 and 1164.8 ± 43.4 mg/100 g/DW and for potassium content are 900.2 ± 14 and 572 ± 10 mg/100 g/DW, respectively.

Conclusions: The nutritional characteristics of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori, investigated in this study revealed that, daily use of leaves and seeds of this plant could significantly provide the recommended dietary allowance for the Vitamins C and A, and minerals, such as calcium and potassium.

No MeSH data available.


The Vitamin A content in 100 g dry weight of Moringa peregrina leaves and seeds. The figure is comparing the Vitamin A content of 100 g of carrot and liver per serve (data taken from FDA and published reports for Vitamin A source reference) with the vitamin contents of M. peregrina leaves and seeds
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Figure 2: The Vitamin A content in 100 g dry weight of Moringa peregrina leaves and seeds. The figure is comparing the Vitamin A content of 100 g of carrot and liver per serve (data taken from FDA and published reports for Vitamin A source reference) with the vitamin contents of M. peregrina leaves and seeds

Mentions: The M. peregrina leaves and seeds were collected from the city of Nikshahr/Iran and the plant originality and the specification were confirmed by botanic specialist from the Jahad-e-Keshavarzi and Agriculture Organization of Sistan and Bluchestan Province and by an Isfahan University Pharmacognosy Professor. The vernacular names were Gas-e-Rooghani and Gaz Rokh. The leaves and seeds were dried in clean, cool, and dark area at room temperature to protect vitamins. The dry leaves and seeds of M. peregrina were ground to a fine powder and kept in dark at room temperature for the day of analysis. Semi-quantitative analysis of phytochemicals of M. peregrina leaves and seeds are shown in Figure 1. As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the Vitamin C as ascorbic acid in the leaves and seeds are 83 ± 0.5 and 14 ± 0.6 mg/100 g/DW and Vitamin A 6.8 ± 0.7 and 24.8 ± 0.7 mg/100 g/DW, respectively. The compounds of leaves and seeds measured, and the nutritional standards were compared with the Vitamin A and Vitamin C content of carrot, liver, orange, and kiwi per serve. Figures 4 and 5 show the calcium and potassium content of the leaves and seeds which are 764.8 ± 1.6 and 1164.8 ± 43.4 mg/100 g/DW and for potassium content are 900.2 ± 14 and 572 ± 10 mg/100 g/DW, respectively. The nutritional standards as shown in Figure 6 were compared with the calcium and potassium in whole milk and banana per serve.


Quantitative analysis of the nutritional components in leaves and seeds of the Persian Moringa peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori.

Asghari G, Palizban A, Bakhshaei B - Pharmacognosy Res (2015 Jul-Sep)

The Vitamin A content in 100 g dry weight of Moringa peregrina leaves and seeds. The figure is comparing the Vitamin A content of 100 g of carrot and liver per serve (data taken from FDA and published reports for Vitamin A source reference) with the vitamin contents of M. peregrina leaves and seeds
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4471650&req=5

Figure 2: The Vitamin A content in 100 g dry weight of Moringa peregrina leaves and seeds. The figure is comparing the Vitamin A content of 100 g of carrot and liver per serve (data taken from FDA and published reports for Vitamin A source reference) with the vitamin contents of M. peregrina leaves and seeds
Mentions: The M. peregrina leaves and seeds were collected from the city of Nikshahr/Iran and the plant originality and the specification were confirmed by botanic specialist from the Jahad-e-Keshavarzi and Agriculture Organization of Sistan and Bluchestan Province and by an Isfahan University Pharmacognosy Professor. The vernacular names were Gas-e-Rooghani and Gaz Rokh. The leaves and seeds were dried in clean, cool, and dark area at room temperature to protect vitamins. The dry leaves and seeds of M. peregrina were ground to a fine powder and kept in dark at room temperature for the day of analysis. Semi-quantitative analysis of phytochemicals of M. peregrina leaves and seeds are shown in Figure 1. As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the Vitamin C as ascorbic acid in the leaves and seeds are 83 ± 0.5 and 14 ± 0.6 mg/100 g/DW and Vitamin A 6.8 ± 0.7 and 24.8 ± 0.7 mg/100 g/DW, respectively. The compounds of leaves and seeds measured, and the nutritional standards were compared with the Vitamin A and Vitamin C content of carrot, liver, orange, and kiwi per serve. Figures 4 and 5 show the calcium and potassium content of the leaves and seeds which are 764.8 ± 1.6 and 1164.8 ± 43.4 mg/100 g/DW and for potassium content are 900.2 ± 14 and 572 ± 10 mg/100 g/DW, respectively. The nutritional standards as shown in Figure 6 were compared with the calcium and potassium in whole milk and banana per serve.

Bottom Line: Moringa peregrina (M. peregrina) is an important tropical tree recognized for its nutritional and medicinal properties.The acidic digested leaves and seeds were analyzed for Vitamins C and A, calcium, and potassium using atomic adsorption and flame emission spectrophotometer.The nutritional characteristics of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori, investigated in this study revealed that, daily use of leaves and seeds of this plant could significantly provide the recommended dietary allowance for the Vitamins C and A, and minerals, such as calcium and potassium.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: Moringa peregrina (M. peregrina) is an important tropical tree recognized for its nutritional and medicinal properties. The objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional component in the leaves and seeds of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori.

Materials and methods: The M. peregrina leaves and seeds of wild cultivated trees were collected from the areas of arid environment located in the South-East of the Iran. The leaves and seeds of M. peregrina were dried and grounded to a fine powder and kept in dark for the day of experiment. The acidic digested leaves and seeds were analyzed for Vitamins C and A, calcium, and potassium using atomic adsorption and flame emission spectrophotometer.

Results: The analytical data revealed that the leaves and seeds of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori contain sufficient amounts of Vitamin C: 83 ± 0.5 and 14 ± 0.6 mg/100 g/DW; and Vitamin A: 6.8 ± 0.7 and 24.8 ± 0.7 mg/100 g/DW, respectively. The elemental analysis in the leaves and seeds showed that the calcium content are 764.8 ± 1.6 and 1164.8 ± 43.4 mg/100 g/DW and for potassium content are 900.2 ± 14 and 572 ± 10 mg/100 g/DW, respectively.

Conclusions: The nutritional characteristics of the Persian M. peregrina (Forssk.) Fiori, investigated in this study revealed that, daily use of leaves and seeds of this plant could significantly provide the recommended dietary allowance for the Vitamins C and A, and minerals, such as calcium and potassium.

No MeSH data available.