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Dengue Awareness in Latin American Populations: A Questionnaire Study.

Sarti E, Cox H, Besada-Lombana S, Tapia-Maruri L - Infect Dis Ther (2015)

Bottom Line: Two percent and 10% of participants in Mexico and Colombia, respectively, had experienced dengue fever, with just under one-third of adults and almost two-thirds of their children hospitalized as a result of the illness.Most participants recognized the need to reduce the risk of dengue infection by removal of standing water.Awareness was similar in Colombia and Mexico.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sanofi Pasteur, AV. Universidad 1738, Col. Coyoacán, Mexico, D.F., 04000, Mexico, elsa.sarti@sanofipasteur.com.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dengue is an escalating public health concern in Latin American Countries with a dramatic increase of cases reported during the past decade. The objectives of this study were to identify and provide insights into current management and attitudes toward dengue and to understand attitudes to vaccination and current behaviors to prevent dengue in Mexico and Colombia.

Methods: This was a community-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted in urban and rural areas in endemic and non-endemic regions. The interviews were conducted face-to-face using a structured questionnaire containing 58 questions. A quota sampling approach was used to obtain a nationally representative sample of the adult population. All data were weighted to correct for differences between the samples surveyed in each country relative to their general population.

Results: A total of 1978 participants completed the survey. Two percent and 10% of participants in Mexico and Colombia, respectively, had experienced dengue fever, with just under one-third of adults and almost two-thirds of their children hospitalized as a result of the illness. Awareness of dengue was similar in Colombia (76%) and Mexico (68%), with awareness higher in endemic regions than in non-endemic regions. Colombia had a higher proportion of participants (84%) who considered dengue to be a common disease in their country, compared with Mexico (56%). In Mexico and Colombia, 55% and 54% in endemic areas, and 28% and 46% in non-endemic areas believed that everyone was at risk of contracting dengue. In both countries, the most common action undertaken by participants to prevent dengue infection was removal of standing water. At least 70% of participants believe their government could do more to prevent dengue in their country.

Conclusions: Dengue was identified as a severe and common disease in Mexico and Colombia. Most participants recognized the need to reduce the risk of dengue infection by removal of standing water. Awareness was similar in Colombia and Mexico.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Actions taken by participants to prevent dengue in a Mexico and b Colombia in endemic and non-endemic areas. Question 25: What actions do you personally take to prevent dengue fever?
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Fig5: Actions taken by participants to prevent dengue in a Mexico and b Colombia in endemic and non-endemic areas. Question 25: What actions do you personally take to prevent dengue fever?

Mentions: The top three actions undertaken by participants to prevent dengue infection in each country are displayed in Fig. 4. The most common action to prevent dengue infection in both countries was removal of standing water (69% and 60% of participants in Mexico and Colombia, respectively). Approximately 14% and 5% of Mexicans and Colombians did not undertake any action to prevent dengue as they assumed that their government took care of this. The proportion of participants who took various action(s) to prevent dengue differed depending on whether they lived in a dengue-endemic or non-endemic region (Fig. 5). In Mexico, more participants in endemic areas than in non-endemic areas used mosquito repellent, mosquito nets and took action to reduce the number of mosquito breeding sites; however, overall, respondents in non-endemic areas took more actions to prevent dengue than in endemic areas. In Colombia, more people in endemic areas used mosquito nets, took action to reduce the number of mosquito breeding sites and regularly cleared or removed standing water than in non-endemic areas.Fig. 4


Dengue Awareness in Latin American Populations: A Questionnaire Study.

Sarti E, Cox H, Besada-Lombana S, Tapia-Maruri L - Infect Dis Ther (2015)

Actions taken by participants to prevent dengue in a Mexico and b Colombia in endemic and non-endemic areas. Question 25: What actions do you personally take to prevent dengue fever?
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4471059&req=5

Fig5: Actions taken by participants to prevent dengue in a Mexico and b Colombia in endemic and non-endemic areas. Question 25: What actions do you personally take to prevent dengue fever?
Mentions: The top three actions undertaken by participants to prevent dengue infection in each country are displayed in Fig. 4. The most common action to prevent dengue infection in both countries was removal of standing water (69% and 60% of participants in Mexico and Colombia, respectively). Approximately 14% and 5% of Mexicans and Colombians did not undertake any action to prevent dengue as they assumed that their government took care of this. The proportion of participants who took various action(s) to prevent dengue differed depending on whether they lived in a dengue-endemic or non-endemic region (Fig. 5). In Mexico, more participants in endemic areas than in non-endemic areas used mosquito repellent, mosquito nets and took action to reduce the number of mosquito breeding sites; however, overall, respondents in non-endemic areas took more actions to prevent dengue than in endemic areas. In Colombia, more people in endemic areas used mosquito nets, took action to reduce the number of mosquito breeding sites and regularly cleared or removed standing water than in non-endemic areas.Fig. 4

Bottom Line: Two percent and 10% of participants in Mexico and Colombia, respectively, had experienced dengue fever, with just under one-third of adults and almost two-thirds of their children hospitalized as a result of the illness.Most participants recognized the need to reduce the risk of dengue infection by removal of standing water.Awareness was similar in Colombia and Mexico.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Sanofi Pasteur, AV. Universidad 1738, Col. Coyoacán, Mexico, D.F., 04000, Mexico, elsa.sarti@sanofipasteur.com.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dengue is an escalating public health concern in Latin American Countries with a dramatic increase of cases reported during the past decade. The objectives of this study were to identify and provide insights into current management and attitudes toward dengue and to understand attitudes to vaccination and current behaviors to prevent dengue in Mexico and Colombia.

Methods: This was a community-based, cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted in urban and rural areas in endemic and non-endemic regions. The interviews were conducted face-to-face using a structured questionnaire containing 58 questions. A quota sampling approach was used to obtain a nationally representative sample of the adult population. All data were weighted to correct for differences between the samples surveyed in each country relative to their general population.

Results: A total of 1978 participants completed the survey. Two percent and 10% of participants in Mexico and Colombia, respectively, had experienced dengue fever, with just under one-third of adults and almost two-thirds of their children hospitalized as a result of the illness. Awareness of dengue was similar in Colombia (76%) and Mexico (68%), with awareness higher in endemic regions than in non-endemic regions. Colombia had a higher proportion of participants (84%) who considered dengue to be a common disease in their country, compared with Mexico (56%). In Mexico and Colombia, 55% and 54% in endemic areas, and 28% and 46% in non-endemic areas believed that everyone was at risk of contracting dengue. In both countries, the most common action undertaken by participants to prevent dengue infection was removal of standing water. At least 70% of participants believe their government could do more to prevent dengue in their country.

Conclusions: Dengue was identified as a severe and common disease in Mexico and Colombia. Most participants recognized the need to reduce the risk of dengue infection by removal of standing water. Awareness was similar in Colombia and Mexico.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus