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Cassava Intake and Vitamin A Status among Women and Preschool Children in Akwa-Ibom, Nigeria.

De Moura FF, Moursi M, Lubowa A, Ha B, Boy E, Oguntona B, Sanusi RA, Maziya-Dixon B - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Daily cassava consumption frequency was 92% and 95% among children and women, respectively.Intakes of most micronutrients appeared to be adequate with the exception of calcium.The provitamin A biofortified cassava and other vitamin A interventions should focus dissemination in states where red palm oil is not widely consumed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: HarvestPlus c/o International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006, United States of America.

ABSTRACT

Background: As part of the HarvestPlus provitamin A-biofortified cassava program in Nigeria we conducted a survey to determine the cassava intake and prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among children 6-59 months and women of childbearing age in the state of Akwa Ibom.

Methods: A cluster-randomized cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria. The usual food and nutrient intakes were estimated using a multi-pass 24-hour recall with repeated recall on a subsample. Blood samples of children and women were collected to analyze for serum retinol, serum ferritin, and acute phase proteins as indicators of infection. Vitamin A deficiency was defined as serum retinol <0.70 μmol/L adjusted for infection.

Results: A total of 587 households of a mother-child dyad participated in the dietary intake assessment. Cassava was very widely consumed in Akwa Ibom, mainly as gari or foofoo. Daily cassava consumption frequency was 92% and 95% among children and women, respectively. Mean (±SD) cassava intake (expressed as raw fresh weight) was 348 ± 317 grams/day among children and 940 ± 777 grams/day among women. Intakes of most micronutrients appeared to be adequate with the exception of calcium. Median vitamin A intake was very high both for children (1038 μg RAE/day) and women (2441 μg RAE/day). Red palm oil and dark green leafy vegetables were the main sources of vitamin A in the diet, with red palm oil alone contributing almost 60% of vitamin A intake in women and children. Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranged from moderate (16.9 %) among children to virtually non-existent (3.4 %) among women.

Conclusion: Consumption of cassava and vitamin A intake was high among women and children in Akwa Ibom with a prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranging from moderate in children to non-existent among women. The provitamin A biofortified cassava and other vitamin A interventions should focus dissemination in states where red palm oil is not widely consumed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Frequency of consumption of cassava dishes (A) and frequency of consumption of dishes containing red palm oil—conditioned to red palm oil consumption (B) among pre-school children aged 6–59 months and women of childbearing age, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 2011.
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pone.0129436.g001: Frequency of consumption of cassava dishes (A) and frequency of consumption of dishes containing red palm oil—conditioned to red palm oil consumption (B) among pre-school children aged 6–59 months and women of childbearing age, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 2011.

Mentions: Cassava was widely consumed in Akwa Ibom with a consumption frequency of 95%, 92% and 66% among women, children 24–59 mo, and children 6–23 mo, respectively (Table 3). The daily median intake (expressed as raw fresh weight) was also very high, 940 ± 777 grams/day for women, 348 ± 317 grams/day for children 24–59 mo, and 166 ± 234 grams/day for children 6–23 mo. Ninety-two percent of cassava was consumed in the form of gari and foofoo by women and children (Fig 1A). Gari alone comprised 56% of all cassava being consumed in this form with only 5% of cassava being consumed in another form, including boiled cassava. We also noticed that there was a very high consumption of red palm oil by this population with a consumption frequency of 97%, 95% and 84% among women, children 24–59 mo, and children 6–23 mo, respectively (Table 3). The red palm oil was mainly used in soups (42%), but was also used in beans- (17%), vegetables- (13%), rice- (11%) and cassava- (10%) based dishes (Fig 1B).


Cassava Intake and Vitamin A Status among Women and Preschool Children in Akwa-Ibom, Nigeria.

De Moura FF, Moursi M, Lubowa A, Ha B, Boy E, Oguntona B, Sanusi RA, Maziya-Dixon B - PLoS ONE (2015)

Frequency of consumption of cassava dishes (A) and frequency of consumption of dishes containing red palm oil—conditioned to red palm oil consumption (B) among pre-school children aged 6–59 months and women of childbearing age, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 2011.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4470824&req=5

pone.0129436.g001: Frequency of consumption of cassava dishes (A) and frequency of consumption of dishes containing red palm oil—conditioned to red palm oil consumption (B) among pre-school children aged 6–59 months and women of childbearing age, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 2011.
Mentions: Cassava was widely consumed in Akwa Ibom with a consumption frequency of 95%, 92% and 66% among women, children 24–59 mo, and children 6–23 mo, respectively (Table 3). The daily median intake (expressed as raw fresh weight) was also very high, 940 ± 777 grams/day for women, 348 ± 317 grams/day for children 24–59 mo, and 166 ± 234 grams/day for children 6–23 mo. Ninety-two percent of cassava was consumed in the form of gari and foofoo by women and children (Fig 1A). Gari alone comprised 56% of all cassava being consumed in this form with only 5% of cassava being consumed in another form, including boiled cassava. We also noticed that there was a very high consumption of red palm oil by this population with a consumption frequency of 97%, 95% and 84% among women, children 24–59 mo, and children 6–23 mo, respectively (Table 3). The red palm oil was mainly used in soups (42%), but was also used in beans- (17%), vegetables- (13%), rice- (11%) and cassava- (10%) based dishes (Fig 1B).

Bottom Line: Daily cassava consumption frequency was 92% and 95% among children and women, respectively.Intakes of most micronutrients appeared to be adequate with the exception of calcium.The provitamin A biofortified cassava and other vitamin A interventions should focus dissemination in states where red palm oil is not widely consumed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: HarvestPlus c/o International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006, United States of America.

ABSTRACT

Background: As part of the HarvestPlus provitamin A-biofortified cassava program in Nigeria we conducted a survey to determine the cassava intake and prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among children 6-59 months and women of childbearing age in the state of Akwa Ibom.

Methods: A cluster-randomized cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria. The usual food and nutrient intakes were estimated using a multi-pass 24-hour recall with repeated recall on a subsample. Blood samples of children and women were collected to analyze for serum retinol, serum ferritin, and acute phase proteins as indicators of infection. Vitamin A deficiency was defined as serum retinol <0.70 μmol/L adjusted for infection.

Results: A total of 587 households of a mother-child dyad participated in the dietary intake assessment. Cassava was very widely consumed in Akwa Ibom, mainly as gari or foofoo. Daily cassava consumption frequency was 92% and 95% among children and women, respectively. Mean (±SD) cassava intake (expressed as raw fresh weight) was 348 ± 317 grams/day among children and 940 ± 777 grams/day among women. Intakes of most micronutrients appeared to be adequate with the exception of calcium. Median vitamin A intake was very high both for children (1038 μg RAE/day) and women (2441 μg RAE/day). Red palm oil and dark green leafy vegetables were the main sources of vitamin A in the diet, with red palm oil alone contributing almost 60% of vitamin A intake in women and children. Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranged from moderate (16.9 %) among children to virtually non-existent (3.4 %) among women.

Conclusion: Consumption of cassava and vitamin A intake was high among women and children in Akwa Ibom with a prevalence of vitamin A deficiency ranging from moderate in children to non-existent among women. The provitamin A biofortified cassava and other vitamin A interventions should focus dissemination in states where red palm oil is not widely consumed.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus