Limits...
Incarcerated Amyand hernia with simultaneous rupture of an adenocarcinoma in an inguinal hernia sac: a case report.

Karanikas I, Ioannidis A, Siaperas P, Efstathiou G, Drikos I, Economou N - J Med Case Rep (2015)

Bottom Line: Ultrasonography was performed and confirmed the presence of an inflamed tubular structure inside her right inguinal canal.A specimen biopsy was immediately performed and the results showed a ruptured cecal adenocarcinoma.The incision was slightly extended upwards, and a right hemicolectomy performed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Sismanoglion General Hospital, Sismanoglou 1, P.O. BOX 15126, Athens, Greece. ikaranikas@yahoo.gr.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: An Amyand's hernia is a rare occurrence of an inguinal hernia, with an estimated prevalence of 1%. The major complications of an Amyand's hernia include necrotizing fasciitis of the anterior abdominal wall and secondary intestinal perforation. Though the incidence of this type of hernia is low, the appendix may easily become initially incarcerated, possibly leading to strangulation and perforation.

Case presentation: A 92-year-old female patient presented to our emergency department with clinical signs of an incarcerated right inguinal hernia, accompanied by fever. A clinical examination revealed localized abdominal pain, reflecting to the right side of her groin. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis (13,200/μL), while an abdominal X-ray showed colon distension with evidence of intestinal obstruction. Ultrasonography was performed and confirmed the presence of an inflamed tubular structure inside her right inguinal canal. Our patient underwent emergency surgery. We started with a right inguinal incision, which revealed an incarcerated right inguinal hernia, containing her ruptured appendix and showing macroscopic evidence of malignancy. A specimen biopsy was immediately performed and the results showed a ruptured cecal adenocarcinoma. The incision was slightly extended upwards, and a right hemicolectomy performed.

Conclusions: Diagnosis of an Amyand's hernia occurs primarily as an incidental finding during surgery and the optimal therapeutic approach must be considered individually for each case. Owing to the rarity of Amyand's hernia and the wide variance of its clinical characteristics, every case provides useful information toward the treatment of this type of hernia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Emergency appendectomy for an incarcerated Amyand’s hernia revealed a malignant rupture.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4470008&req=5

Fig2: Emergency appendectomy for an incarcerated Amyand’s hernia revealed a malignant rupture.

Mentions: Our patient underwent surgery, which revealed an incarcerated right inguinal hernia. The hernia sac included her appendix as well as a possibly malignant cecal tumor, which had ruptured in the sac (Figure 2). Immediately, the right groin incision was slightly extended upwards and a right hemicolectomy was performed. Βiopsy was taken and results returned before the hemicolectomy was performed. A histological examination of a biopsy specimen showed adenocarcinoma of the cecum, stage Dukes B.Figure 2


Incarcerated Amyand hernia with simultaneous rupture of an adenocarcinoma in an inguinal hernia sac: a case report.

Karanikas I, Ioannidis A, Siaperas P, Efstathiou G, Drikos I, Economou N - J Med Case Rep (2015)

Emergency appendectomy for an incarcerated Amyand’s hernia revealed a malignant rupture.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4470008&req=5

Fig2: Emergency appendectomy for an incarcerated Amyand’s hernia revealed a malignant rupture.
Mentions: Our patient underwent surgery, which revealed an incarcerated right inguinal hernia. The hernia sac included her appendix as well as a possibly malignant cecal tumor, which had ruptured in the sac (Figure 2). Immediately, the right groin incision was slightly extended upwards and a right hemicolectomy was performed. Βiopsy was taken and results returned before the hemicolectomy was performed. A histological examination of a biopsy specimen showed adenocarcinoma of the cecum, stage Dukes B.Figure 2

Bottom Line: Ultrasonography was performed and confirmed the presence of an inflamed tubular structure inside her right inguinal canal.A specimen biopsy was immediately performed and the results showed a ruptured cecal adenocarcinoma.The incision was slightly extended upwards, and a right hemicolectomy performed.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Surgery, Sismanoglion General Hospital, Sismanoglou 1, P.O. BOX 15126, Athens, Greece. ikaranikas@yahoo.gr.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: An Amyand's hernia is a rare occurrence of an inguinal hernia, with an estimated prevalence of 1%. The major complications of an Amyand's hernia include necrotizing fasciitis of the anterior abdominal wall and secondary intestinal perforation. Though the incidence of this type of hernia is low, the appendix may easily become initially incarcerated, possibly leading to strangulation and perforation.

Case presentation: A 92-year-old female patient presented to our emergency department with clinical signs of an incarcerated right inguinal hernia, accompanied by fever. A clinical examination revealed localized abdominal pain, reflecting to the right side of her groin. Laboratory tests showed leukocytosis (13,200/μL), while an abdominal X-ray showed colon distension with evidence of intestinal obstruction. Ultrasonography was performed and confirmed the presence of an inflamed tubular structure inside her right inguinal canal. Our patient underwent emergency surgery. We started with a right inguinal incision, which revealed an incarcerated right inguinal hernia, containing her ruptured appendix and showing macroscopic evidence of malignancy. A specimen biopsy was immediately performed and the results showed a ruptured cecal adenocarcinoma. The incision was slightly extended upwards, and a right hemicolectomy performed.

Conclusions: Diagnosis of an Amyand's hernia occurs primarily as an incidental finding during surgery and the optimal therapeutic approach must be considered individually for each case. Owing to the rarity of Amyand's hernia and the wide variance of its clinical characteristics, every case provides useful information toward the treatment of this type of hernia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus