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Neuroelectric Correlates of Pragmatic Emotional Incongruence Processing: Empathy Matters.

Dozolme D, Brunet-Gouet E, Passerieux C, Amorim MA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: A significant N400 incongruence effect was found at the centro-parietal (P < .001) and centro-posterior midline (P < .01) electrodes.Cognitive empathy predicted the incongruence effect in the left occipital region, in the N400 time window.Finally, incongruence effects were also found on the LPP wave, in frontal midline and dorso-frontal regions, (P < .05), with no modulation by empathy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire CIAMS (Complexité, Innovation, Activités Motrices et Sportives), Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.

ABSTRACT
The emotions people feel can be simulated internally based on emotional situational contexts. In the present study, we assessed the behavioral and neuroelectric effects of seeing an unexpected emotional facial expression. We investigated the correct answer rate, response times and Event-Related Potential (ERP) effects during an incongruence paradigm between emotional faces and sentential contexts allowing emotional inferences. Most of the 36 healthy participants were recruited from a larger population (1 463 subjects), based on their scores on the Empathy Questionnaire (EQ). Regression analyses were conducted on these ratings using EQ factors as predictors (cognitive empathy, emotional reactivity and social skills). Recognition of pragmatic emotional incongruence was less accurate (P < .05) and slower (P < .05) than recognition of congruence. The incongruence effect on response times was inversely predicted by social skills. A significant N400 incongruence effect was found at the centro-parietal (P < .001) and centro-posterior midline (P < .01) electrodes. Cognitive empathy predicted the incongruence effect in the left occipital region, in the N400 time window. Finally, incongruence effects were also found on the LPP wave, in frontal midline and dorso-frontal regions, (P < .05), with no modulation by empathy. Processing pragmatic emotional incongruence is more cognitively demanding than congruence (as reflected by both behavioral and ERP data). This processing shows modulation by personality factors at the behavioral (through self-reported social skills) and neuroelectric levels (through self-reported cognitive empathy).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Scatterplots illustrating simple regressions corresponding to significant multiple regressions.(A) Scatterplots of the regression on the response times. Response times tend to be higher as the social skills scores decrease. (B) Scatterplots of the regressions on the N400 incongruence effect, in the left O and DF ROI. In the O ROI, the N400 incongruence effect appears increased for high cognitive empathy scores and linearly decreases until it reverses for low cognitive empathy scores. A reversed pattern is observed in the DF ROI but might be the counterpart of the effect in the O ROI. C: In the left O ROI, the N400 effect also appears to barely decrease as the social skills scores increase.
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pone.0129770.g005: Scatterplots illustrating simple regressions corresponding to significant multiple regressions.(A) Scatterplots of the regression on the response times. Response times tend to be higher as the social skills scores decrease. (B) Scatterplots of the regressions on the N400 incongruence effect, in the left O and DF ROI. In the O ROI, the N400 incongruence effect appears increased for high cognitive empathy scores and linearly decreases until it reverses for low cognitive empathy scores. A reversed pattern is observed in the DF ROI but might be the counterpart of the effect in the O ROI. C: In the left O ROI, the N400 effect also appears to barely decrease as the social skills scores increase.

Mentions: Regression of EQ subscales on the behavioral incongruence effect: The incongruence effect (response to incongruent stimuli minus response to congruent stimuli) on response times was predicted significantly by the scores at the social skills subscale (cf. Table 2): the greater the social skills, the greater the sensitivity to incongruent versus congruent stimuli (cf. Fig 5A).


Neuroelectric Correlates of Pragmatic Emotional Incongruence Processing: Empathy Matters.

Dozolme D, Brunet-Gouet E, Passerieux C, Amorim MA - PLoS ONE (2015)

Scatterplots illustrating simple regressions corresponding to significant multiple regressions.(A) Scatterplots of the regression on the response times. Response times tend to be higher as the social skills scores decrease. (B) Scatterplots of the regressions on the N400 incongruence effect, in the left O and DF ROI. In the O ROI, the N400 incongruence effect appears increased for high cognitive empathy scores and linearly decreases until it reverses for low cognitive empathy scores. A reversed pattern is observed in the DF ROI but might be the counterpart of the effect in the O ROI. C: In the left O ROI, the N400 effect also appears to barely decrease as the social skills scores increase.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4465748&req=5

pone.0129770.g005: Scatterplots illustrating simple regressions corresponding to significant multiple regressions.(A) Scatterplots of the regression on the response times. Response times tend to be higher as the social skills scores decrease. (B) Scatterplots of the regressions on the N400 incongruence effect, in the left O and DF ROI. In the O ROI, the N400 incongruence effect appears increased for high cognitive empathy scores and linearly decreases until it reverses for low cognitive empathy scores. A reversed pattern is observed in the DF ROI but might be the counterpart of the effect in the O ROI. C: In the left O ROI, the N400 effect also appears to barely decrease as the social skills scores increase.
Mentions: Regression of EQ subscales on the behavioral incongruence effect: The incongruence effect (response to incongruent stimuli minus response to congruent stimuli) on response times was predicted significantly by the scores at the social skills subscale (cf. Table 2): the greater the social skills, the greater the sensitivity to incongruent versus congruent stimuli (cf. Fig 5A).

Bottom Line: A significant N400 incongruence effect was found at the centro-parietal (P < .001) and centro-posterior midline (P < .01) electrodes.Cognitive empathy predicted the incongruence effect in the left occipital region, in the N400 time window.Finally, incongruence effects were also found on the LPP wave, in frontal midline and dorso-frontal regions, (P < .05), with no modulation by empathy.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Laboratoire CIAMS (Complexité, Innovation, Activités Motrices et Sportives), Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.

ABSTRACT
The emotions people feel can be simulated internally based on emotional situational contexts. In the present study, we assessed the behavioral and neuroelectric effects of seeing an unexpected emotional facial expression. We investigated the correct answer rate, response times and Event-Related Potential (ERP) effects during an incongruence paradigm between emotional faces and sentential contexts allowing emotional inferences. Most of the 36 healthy participants were recruited from a larger population (1 463 subjects), based on their scores on the Empathy Questionnaire (EQ). Regression analyses were conducted on these ratings using EQ factors as predictors (cognitive empathy, emotional reactivity and social skills). Recognition of pragmatic emotional incongruence was less accurate (P < .05) and slower (P < .05) than recognition of congruence. The incongruence effect on response times was inversely predicted by social skills. A significant N400 incongruence effect was found at the centro-parietal (P < .001) and centro-posterior midline (P < .01) electrodes. Cognitive empathy predicted the incongruence effect in the left occipital region, in the N400 time window. Finally, incongruence effects were also found on the LPP wave, in frontal midline and dorso-frontal regions, (P < .05), with no modulation by empathy. Processing pragmatic emotional incongruence is more cognitively demanding than congruence (as reflected by both behavioral and ERP data). This processing shows modulation by personality factors at the behavioral (through self-reported social skills) and neuroelectric levels (through self-reported cognitive empathy).

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus