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Ethnomedicinal Evaluation of Medicinal Plants Used against Gastrointestinal Complaints.

Tariq A, Mussarat S, Adnan M, Abd Allah EF, Hashem A, Alqarawi AA, Ullah R - Biomed Res Int (2015)

Bottom Line: Dosage of recipe was found to be related with the age of the patient.Highest degree of informant consensus was reported for vomiting, nausea (0.92 each), abdominal pain (0.9), and diarrhea (0.89).Plants with high Fic and FL values should be subjected for further phytochemical and pharmacological investigation for scientific validation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal plants used against gastrointestinal complaints in five selected remote regions of Pakistan and to select potential medicinal plants for further in vitro and in vivo investigation. Data on ethnomedicinal plants and ethnographic profile of respondents was documented using semistructured questionnaires. The present study revealed utilization of 52 medicinal plants for the treatment of different gastrointestinal infections in studied regions. Apiaceae was the most dominant family reported to be used for the treatment of these infections (4 plants). Among all the plant parts fruit (24%), whole plants and leaves (23% each) were the most preferred plant parts used by the healers. Dosage of recipe was found to be related with the age of the patient. Highest degree of informant consensus was reported for vomiting, nausea (0.92 each), abdominal pain (0.9), and diarrhea (0.89). Withania coagulans scored highest FL value (86%) followed by Mentha longifolia and Melia azadirachta ranked second with FL value (75% each). Young generation was found to possess little traditional knowledge about utilizing plant recipes against these infections. Plants with high Fic and FL values should be subjected for further phytochemical and pharmacological investigation for scientific validation.

No MeSH data available.


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Mentions: The present study was conducted in five major remote areas (Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Lakki Marwat, and Karak and Kohat) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan (Figure 1). D. I. Khan is an area of 7326 square kilometers and is situated between 31°15′ and 32°32′N latitude and between 70°11′ and 71°20′E longitude. Most of the area of D. I. Khan is flat dry alluvial plains supporting mostly xerophytic vegetation. Dominant plant species are Acacia modesta, Acacia nilotica, Calotropis procera, Morus alba, and Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Most of the population of the area is rural with low literacy rate and they also lack modern health facilities; hence, they are more dependent upon natural resources especially plants for their healthcare and to compensate their low income as well [14]. Bannu consists of a total area of 877 square kilometers with a population of 19,593. It lies within the Karakoram mountain range between 32°43 to 33°06N latitude and 73°20 to 70°07E longitude. The total cultivated area is about 33,000 acres, with wheat, maize, and sugarcane being the main cultivated crops. About 25% of the inhabitants of the area as well as Afghan refugees are engaged in the collection and marketing of medicinal plants. The area consists of alluvial plain with an annual rainfall of 111.36 mm. The dominant plant species are Acacia modesta, Acacia nilotica, Calotropis procera, Dodonaea viscosa, and Withania somnifera [15]. Karak region is situated in the south of KPK with total area of 600 square kilometers and lies between 70-40° to 71-30°N latitude and 32-48° to 33-23°E longitude. The study area is divided into mountainous area, small hills, and plains having most of clayey or sandy soil. Wheat, corn, and gram are the common cultivated crops. Various plant species dominated the study area such as Acacia modesta, Acacia nilotica, Adhatoda vasica, Aerva javanica, Dodonaea viscosa, Eucalyptus lanceolatus, Fagonia cretica, Rhazya stricta, Saccharum arundinaceum, Withania coagulans, and Withania somnifera [16]. Kohat is located at 33°35′13N, 71°26′29E, with an altitude of 489 m above sea level. The dominant vegetation of the study area is Zizyphus species, Acacia species, and other xerophytes plants. The area is rural in nature and inhabitants are very much dependent on plants for agricultural, economic, and food purposes. Locals of the region use a variety of medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments due to expensive modern drugs [17]. Lakki Marwat is situated between 32°161N latitude and 70°191E longitude at altitude of 200–1000 m above sea level. This district covers an area of 3164 km2 with a cultivated area of approximately 116,900 ha. The indigenous people of the district are Marwat tribes, but a small proportion of other tribes also settled here. Transport and minerals are the main sources of economy in the urban area, and agriculture is the primary livelihood of the rural population. The major ethnic group in this district speaks Pashto (99.3%), which is spoken in a specific dialect [18]. The remaining population speaks Punjabi (0.7%) in Hindko dialect.


Ethnomedicinal Evaluation of Medicinal Plants Used against Gastrointestinal Complaints.

Tariq A, Mussarat S, Adnan M, Abd Allah EF, Hashem A, Alqarawi AA, Ullah R - Biomed Res Int (2015)

© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4465652&req=5

Mentions: The present study was conducted in five major remote areas (Dera Ismail Khan, Bannu, Lakki Marwat, and Karak and Kohat) of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan (Figure 1). D. I. Khan is an area of 7326 square kilometers and is situated between 31°15′ and 32°32′N latitude and between 70°11′ and 71°20′E longitude. Most of the area of D. I. Khan is flat dry alluvial plains supporting mostly xerophytic vegetation. Dominant plant species are Acacia modesta, Acacia nilotica, Calotropis procera, Morus alba, and Eucalyptus camaldulensis. Most of the population of the area is rural with low literacy rate and they also lack modern health facilities; hence, they are more dependent upon natural resources especially plants for their healthcare and to compensate their low income as well [14]. Bannu consists of a total area of 877 square kilometers with a population of 19,593. It lies within the Karakoram mountain range between 32°43 to 33°06N latitude and 73°20 to 70°07E longitude. The total cultivated area is about 33,000 acres, with wheat, maize, and sugarcane being the main cultivated crops. About 25% of the inhabitants of the area as well as Afghan refugees are engaged in the collection and marketing of medicinal plants. The area consists of alluvial plain with an annual rainfall of 111.36 mm. The dominant plant species are Acacia modesta, Acacia nilotica, Calotropis procera, Dodonaea viscosa, and Withania somnifera [15]. Karak region is situated in the south of KPK with total area of 600 square kilometers and lies between 70-40° to 71-30°N latitude and 32-48° to 33-23°E longitude. The study area is divided into mountainous area, small hills, and plains having most of clayey or sandy soil. Wheat, corn, and gram are the common cultivated crops. Various plant species dominated the study area such as Acacia modesta, Acacia nilotica, Adhatoda vasica, Aerva javanica, Dodonaea viscosa, Eucalyptus lanceolatus, Fagonia cretica, Rhazya stricta, Saccharum arundinaceum, Withania coagulans, and Withania somnifera [16]. Kohat is located at 33°35′13N, 71°26′29E, with an altitude of 489 m above sea level. The dominant vegetation of the study area is Zizyphus species, Acacia species, and other xerophytes plants. The area is rural in nature and inhabitants are very much dependent on plants for agricultural, economic, and food purposes. Locals of the region use a variety of medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments due to expensive modern drugs [17]. Lakki Marwat is situated between 32°161N latitude and 70°191E longitude at altitude of 200–1000 m above sea level. This district covers an area of 3164 km2 with a cultivated area of approximately 116,900 ha. The indigenous people of the district are Marwat tribes, but a small proportion of other tribes also settled here. Transport and minerals are the main sources of economy in the urban area, and agriculture is the primary livelihood of the rural population. The major ethnic group in this district speaks Pashto (99.3%), which is spoken in a specific dialect [18]. The remaining population speaks Punjabi (0.7%) in Hindko dialect.

Bottom Line: Dosage of recipe was found to be related with the age of the patient.Highest degree of informant consensus was reported for vomiting, nausea (0.92 each), abdominal pain (0.9), and diarrhea (0.89).Plants with high Fic and FL values should be subjected for further phytochemical and pharmacological investigation for scientific validation.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Botany, Kohat University of Science and Technology, Kohat 26000, Pakistan.

ABSTRACT
Aim of the present study was to document ethnomedicinal plants used against gastrointestinal complaints in five selected remote regions of Pakistan and to select potential medicinal plants for further in vitro and in vivo investigation. Data on ethnomedicinal plants and ethnographic profile of respondents was documented using semistructured questionnaires. The present study revealed utilization of 52 medicinal plants for the treatment of different gastrointestinal infections in studied regions. Apiaceae was the most dominant family reported to be used for the treatment of these infections (4 plants). Among all the plant parts fruit (24%), whole plants and leaves (23% each) were the most preferred plant parts used by the healers. Dosage of recipe was found to be related with the age of the patient. Highest degree of informant consensus was reported for vomiting, nausea (0.92 each), abdominal pain (0.9), and diarrhea (0.89). Withania coagulans scored highest FL value (86%) followed by Mentha longifolia and Melia azadirachta ranked second with FL value (75% each). Young generation was found to possess little traditional knowledge about utilizing plant recipes against these infections. Plants with high Fic and FL values should be subjected for further phytochemical and pharmacological investigation for scientific validation.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus