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Comparison of the effect of low level laser therapy with alvogyl on the management of alveolar osteitis.

Eshghpour M, Ahrari F, Najjarkar NT, Khajavi MA - Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal (2015)

Bottom Line: Pain was significantly lower in the alvogyl group than the other groups at T1 and T2 points on day 1 and at T0 and T1 points on day 2 (p<0.05).At T2 point on day 2 and on day 3, VAS became significantly lower in the red laser group compared to the other groups (p<0.05).The infrared laser was not more efficacious than the other groups at any of the treatment intervals, but it reduced VAS to an acceptable level.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Vakilabad Boulevard, Mashhad, Iran, Farzaneh.Ahrari@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study investigated the efficacy of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for managing alveolar osteitis (AO).

Material and methods: Sixty patients with alveolar osteitis of mandibular third molars were randomly divided into three groups. In group 1, socket irrigation was followed by alvogyl placement, and the treatment was repeated 48 hours later. In group 2, socket was irradiated with a low power red laser for 3 consecutive days (200 mW, 30 seconds on each of the buccal and lingual surfaces and 30 seconds at the middle of the socket, 6 J per area). The subjects in group 3 underwent treatment with a low power infrared laser with the same parameters as group 2. A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to record the degree of pain at the morning (T0, before intervention) and at 6 (T1) and 12 (T2) hours later for 3 days.

Results: Pain was significantly lower in the alvogyl group than the other groups at T1 and T2 points on day 1 and at T0 and T1 points on day 2 (p<0.05). At T2 point on day 2 and on day 3, VAS became significantly lower in the red laser group compared to the other groups (p<0.05). The infrared laser was not more efficacious than the other groups at any of the treatment intervals, but it reduced VAS to an acceptable level.

Conclusions: LLLT displayed good results in this study for treatment of alveolar osteitis and should be further investigated as an alternative to alvogyl for AO management.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Comparison of pain intensity among the study groups on day 1. Significant differences were found between Alvogyl and both laser groups at T1, and between all the study groups at T2 (p<0.05).
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Figure 4: Comparison of pain intensity among the study groups on day 1. Significant differences were found between Alvogyl and both laser groups at T1, and between all the study groups at T2 (p<0.05).

Mentions: Fig. 4 compares the VAS scores of the study groups at different time points on day 1. Analyzing the data with repeated measures analysis reveled a significant interaction between the two variables of time and group (p<0.001), so one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was run to compare pain intensity among the study groups at each treatment interval. The results showed that the pretreatment pain (T0) was not significantly different among the groups (p=0.509), but at both 6 (T1) and 12 (T2) hours after intervention, significant between-group differences were found (p<0.001). Tukey pairwise comparison test revealed that at both T1 and T2, pain was significantly lower in the alvogyl group compared to the red and infrared laser groups (p<0.05). At T1, the two laser groups were not significantly different from each other, but at T2, pain was significantly lower in the red compared to the infrared laser group (p<0.05; Fig. 4).


Comparison of the effect of low level laser therapy with alvogyl on the management of alveolar osteitis.

Eshghpour M, Ahrari F, Najjarkar NT, Khajavi MA - Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal (2015)

Comparison of pain intensity among the study groups on day 1. Significant differences were found between Alvogyl and both laser groups at T1, and between all the study groups at T2 (p<0.05).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4464928&req=5

Figure 4: Comparison of pain intensity among the study groups on day 1. Significant differences were found between Alvogyl and both laser groups at T1, and between all the study groups at T2 (p<0.05).
Mentions: Fig. 4 compares the VAS scores of the study groups at different time points on day 1. Analyzing the data with repeated measures analysis reveled a significant interaction between the two variables of time and group (p<0.001), so one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was run to compare pain intensity among the study groups at each treatment interval. The results showed that the pretreatment pain (T0) was not significantly different among the groups (p=0.509), but at both 6 (T1) and 12 (T2) hours after intervention, significant between-group differences were found (p<0.001). Tukey pairwise comparison test revealed that at both T1 and T2, pain was significantly lower in the alvogyl group compared to the red and infrared laser groups (p<0.05). At T1, the two laser groups were not significantly different from each other, but at T2, pain was significantly lower in the red compared to the infrared laser group (p<0.05; Fig. 4).

Bottom Line: Pain was significantly lower in the alvogyl group than the other groups at T1 and T2 points on day 1 and at T0 and T1 points on day 2 (p<0.05).At T2 point on day 2 and on day 3, VAS became significantly lower in the red laser group compared to the other groups (p<0.05).The infrared laser was not more efficacious than the other groups at any of the treatment intervals, but it reduced VAS to an acceptable level.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Dental Research Center, School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Vakilabad Boulevard, Mashhad, Iran, Farzaneh.Ahrari@gmail.com.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study investigated the efficacy of low level laser therapy (LLLT) for managing alveolar osteitis (AO).

Material and methods: Sixty patients with alveolar osteitis of mandibular third molars were randomly divided into three groups. In group 1, socket irrigation was followed by alvogyl placement, and the treatment was repeated 48 hours later. In group 2, socket was irradiated with a low power red laser for 3 consecutive days (200 mW, 30 seconds on each of the buccal and lingual surfaces and 30 seconds at the middle of the socket, 6 J per area). The subjects in group 3 underwent treatment with a low power infrared laser with the same parameters as group 2. A visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to record the degree of pain at the morning (T0, before intervention) and at 6 (T1) and 12 (T2) hours later for 3 days.

Results: Pain was significantly lower in the alvogyl group than the other groups at T1 and T2 points on day 1 and at T0 and T1 points on day 2 (p<0.05). At T2 point on day 2 and on day 3, VAS became significantly lower in the red laser group compared to the other groups (p<0.05). The infrared laser was not more efficacious than the other groups at any of the treatment intervals, but it reduced VAS to an acceptable level.

Conclusions: LLLT displayed good results in this study for treatment of alveolar osteitis and should be further investigated as an alternative to alvogyl for AO management.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus