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Prevalence of dental erosions in GERD: a pilot study.

Picos AM, Poenar S, Opris A, Chira A, Bud M, Berar A, Picos A, Dumitrascu DL - Clujul Med (2013)

Bottom Line: Middle age showed the highest risk for dental erosions, with peaks in the fourth and sixth decades.The risk of dental erosion was significantly higher in GERD patients as compared to the control group.The sex ratio shows a higher prevalence of erosion in females.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental erosions are determined by a mechanism involving increased oral acidity. Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) represents the pathological reflux of gastric content into the oral cavity, affecting the hard dental tissues integrity, with a major risk of advanced tooth wear.

Aim: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of dental erosions in GERD patients, in order to obtain a basis for therapeutic strategies and specific prophylactic measures.

Methods: We incorporated a mandatory dental consultation in the therapeutic protocol of GERD patients. The study was carried out in a group of 60 patients with GERD. Dental examination of these patients revealed 21 cases showing visible dental erosions. The control group included 60 patients, without GERD, age and sex matched. All examinations were carried out in a tertiary center by the same team of dentists, instructed in dental erosion recognition and questionnaire administration.

Results: The dental erosion prevalence in patients with GERD was 35%. In the control group, erosions were 13% (OR: 3.6); 67% of patients with dental erosions were females and 33% were males. Middle age showed the highest risk for dental erosions, with peaks in the fourth and sixth decades.

Conclusions: The risk of dental erosion was significantly higher in GERD patients as compared to the control group. The sex ratio shows a higher prevalence of erosion in females.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Prevalence of dental erosions in patients with GERD
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f2-cm-86-344: Prevalence of dental erosions in patients with GERD

Mentions: Dental examination of GERD patients revealed 21 cases presenting visible dental erosions. Thus, the dental erosion prevalence in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux was 35% of all patients with GERD, as shown in fig. 2.


Prevalence of dental erosions in GERD: a pilot study.

Picos AM, Poenar S, Opris A, Chira A, Bud M, Berar A, Picos A, Dumitrascu DL - Clujul Med (2013)

Prevalence of dental erosions in patients with GERD
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4462453&req=5

f2-cm-86-344: Prevalence of dental erosions in patients with GERD
Mentions: Dental examination of GERD patients revealed 21 cases presenting visible dental erosions. Thus, the dental erosion prevalence in patients with gastro-esophageal reflux was 35% of all patients with GERD, as shown in fig. 2.

Bottom Line: Middle age showed the highest risk for dental erosions, with peaks in the fourth and sixth decades.The risk of dental erosion was significantly higher in GERD patients as compared to the control group.The sex ratio shows a higher prevalence of erosion in females.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

ABSTRACT

Background: Dental erosions are determined by a mechanism involving increased oral acidity. Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) represents the pathological reflux of gastric content into the oral cavity, affecting the hard dental tissues integrity, with a major risk of advanced tooth wear.

Aim: This study aims to investigate the prevalence of dental erosions in GERD patients, in order to obtain a basis for therapeutic strategies and specific prophylactic measures.

Methods: We incorporated a mandatory dental consultation in the therapeutic protocol of GERD patients. The study was carried out in a group of 60 patients with GERD. Dental examination of these patients revealed 21 cases showing visible dental erosions. The control group included 60 patients, without GERD, age and sex matched. All examinations were carried out in a tertiary center by the same team of dentists, instructed in dental erosion recognition and questionnaire administration.

Results: The dental erosion prevalence in patients with GERD was 35%. In the control group, erosions were 13% (OR: 3.6); 67% of patients with dental erosions were females and 33% were males. Middle age showed the highest risk for dental erosions, with peaks in the fourth and sixth decades.

Conclusions: The risk of dental erosion was significantly higher in GERD patients as compared to the control group. The sex ratio shows a higher prevalence of erosion in females.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus