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Sex-related differences in auditory processing in adolescents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A magnetoencephalographic study.

Tesche CD, Kodituwakku PW, Garcia CM, Houck JM - Neuroimage Clin (2014)

Bottom Line: Little is known, however, about the potential effects of variables such as sex on alcohol-induced brain damage.The main finding was widespread sex-specific differential activation of the frontal, medial and temporal cortex in adolescents with FASD compared to typically developing controls.These results underscore the importance of considering the influence of sex when analyzing neurophysiological data in children with FASD.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.

ABSTRACT
Children exposed to substantial amounts of alcohol in utero display a broad range of morphological and behavioral outcomes, which are collectively referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Common to all children on the spectrum are cognitive and behavioral problems that reflect central nervous system dysfunction. Little is known, however, about the potential effects of variables such as sex on alcohol-induced brain damage. The goal of the current research was to utilize magnetoencephalography (MEG) to examine the effect of sex on brain dynamics in adolescents and young adults with FASD during the performance of an auditory oddball task. The stimuli were short trains of 1 kHz "standard" tone bursts (80%) randomly interleaved with 1.5 kHz "target" tone bursts (10%) and "novel" digital sounds (10%). Participants made motor responses to the target tones. Results are reported for 44 individuals (18 males and 26 females) ages 12 through 22 years. Nine males and 13 females had a diagnosis of FASD and the remainder were typically-developing age- and sex-matched controls. The main finding was widespread sex-specific differential activation of the frontal, medial and temporal cortex in adolescents with FASD compared to typically developing controls. Significant differences in evoked-response and time-frequency measures of brain dynamics were observed for all stimulus types in the auditory cortex, inferior frontal sulcus and hippocampus. These results underscore the importance of considering the influence of sex when analyzing neurophysiological data in children with FASD.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Group-averaged brain activation patterns for male (FASDM) and female (FASDF) participants with FASD and male (HCM) and female (HCF) healthy controls. Data are shown for the absolute value of dipolar current flow in picoAmp meter (pAm) at 0, 100, 250 and 350 ms following presentation of standard stimuli at t = 0 ms.
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f0015: Group-averaged brain activation patterns for male (FASDM) and female (FASDF) participants with FASD and male (HCM) and female (HCF) healthy controls. Data are shown for the absolute value of dipolar current flow in picoAmp meter (pAm) at 0, 100, 250 and 350 ms following presentation of standard stimuli at t = 0 ms.


Sex-related differences in auditory processing in adolescents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A magnetoencephalographic study.

Tesche CD, Kodituwakku PW, Garcia CM, Houck JM - Neuroimage Clin (2014)

Group-averaged brain activation patterns for male (FASDM) and female (FASDF) participants with FASD and male (HCM) and female (HCF) healthy controls. Data are shown for the absolute value of dipolar current flow in picoAmp meter (pAm) at 0, 100, 250 and 350 ms following presentation of standard stimuli at t = 0 ms.
© Copyright Policy - CC BY-NC-ND
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4459049&req=5

f0015: Group-averaged brain activation patterns for male (FASDM) and female (FASDF) participants with FASD and male (HCM) and female (HCF) healthy controls. Data are shown for the absolute value of dipolar current flow in picoAmp meter (pAm) at 0, 100, 250 and 350 ms following presentation of standard stimuli at t = 0 ms.
Bottom Line: Little is known, however, about the potential effects of variables such as sex on alcohol-induced brain damage.The main finding was widespread sex-specific differential activation of the frontal, medial and temporal cortex in adolescents with FASD compared to typically developing controls.These results underscore the importance of considering the influence of sex when analyzing neurophysiological data in children with FASD.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.

ABSTRACT
Children exposed to substantial amounts of alcohol in utero display a broad range of morphological and behavioral outcomes, which are collectively referred to as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Common to all children on the spectrum are cognitive and behavioral problems that reflect central nervous system dysfunction. Little is known, however, about the potential effects of variables such as sex on alcohol-induced brain damage. The goal of the current research was to utilize magnetoencephalography (MEG) to examine the effect of sex on brain dynamics in adolescents and young adults with FASD during the performance of an auditory oddball task. The stimuli were short trains of 1 kHz "standard" tone bursts (80%) randomly interleaved with 1.5 kHz "target" tone bursts (10%) and "novel" digital sounds (10%). Participants made motor responses to the target tones. Results are reported for 44 individuals (18 males and 26 females) ages 12 through 22 years. Nine males and 13 females had a diagnosis of FASD and the remainder were typically-developing age- and sex-matched controls. The main finding was widespread sex-specific differential activation of the frontal, medial and temporal cortex in adolescents with FASD compared to typically developing controls. Significant differences in evoked-response and time-frequency measures of brain dynamics were observed for all stimulus types in the auditory cortex, inferior frontal sulcus and hippocampus. These results underscore the importance of considering the influence of sex when analyzing neurophysiological data in children with FASD.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus