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Vitamin D Metabolites and Their Association with Calcium, Phosphorus, and PTH Concentrations, Severity of Illness, and Mortality in Hospitalized Equine Neonates.

Kamr AM, Dembek KA, Reed SM, Slovis NM, Zaghawa AA, Rosol TJ, Toribio RE - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH) 2D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic and SNS compared to healthy foals (P<0.0001; P = 0.037).Low 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations are associated with disease severity and mortality in hospitalized foals.Hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia together with decreased 1,25(OH)2D3 but increased PTH concentrations in septic foals indicates that PTH resistance may be associated with the development of these abnormalities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Sadat City, Egypt.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypocalcemia is a frequent abnormality that has been associated with disease severity and outcome in hospitalized foals. However, the pathogenesis of equine neonatal hypocalcemia is poorly understood. Hypovitaminosis D in critically ill people has been linked to hypocalcemia and mortality; however, information on vitamin D metabolites and their association with clinical findings and outcome in critically ill foals is lacking. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (hypovitaminosis D) and its association with serum calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations, disease severity, and mortality in hospitalized newborn foals.

Methods and results: One hundred newborn foals ≤72 hours old divided into hospitalized (n = 83; 59 septic, 24 sick non-septic [SNS]) and healthy (n = 17) groups were included. Blood samples were collected on admission to measure serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3], 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH) 2D3], and PTH concentrations. Data were analyzed by nonparametric methods and univariate logistic regression. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D [defined as 25(OH)D3 <9.51 ng/mL] was 63% for hospitalized, 64% for septic, and 63% for SNS foals. Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH) 2D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic and SNS compared to healthy foals (P<0.0001; P = 0.037). Septic foals had significantly lower calcium and higher phosphorus and PTH concentrations than healthy and SNS foals (P<0.05). In hospitalized and septic foals, low 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations were associated with increased PTH but not with calcium or phosphorus concentrations. Septic foals with 25(OH)D3 <9.51 ng/mL and 1,25(OH) 2D3 <7.09 pmol/L were more likely to die (OR=3.62; 95% CI = 1.1-12.40; OR = 5.41; 95% CI = 1.19-24.52, respectively).

Conclusions: Low 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations are associated with disease severity and mortality in hospitalized foals. Vitamin D deficiency may contribute to a pro-inflammatory state in equine perinatal diseases. Hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia together with decreased 1,25(OH)2D3 but increased PTH concentrations in septic foals indicates that PTH resistance may be associated with the development of these abnormalities.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations in healthy, SNS, and septic foals.Values are expressed as median and 95% CI. (A) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P < 0.0001). (B) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P = 0.037). * indicates a statistically significant difference from healthy foals.
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pone.0127684.g001: Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations in healthy, SNS, and septic foals.Values are expressed as median and 95% CI. (A) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P < 0.0001). (B) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P = 0.037). * indicates a statistically significant difference from healthy foals.

Mentions: Serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic (8.22 ng/mL; 3.74–15.12 ng/mL) and SNS (6.94 ng/mL; 2.30–24.17 ng/mL) compared to healthy foals (14.54 ng/mL; 9.51–19.05 ng/mL) (P < 0.0001) (Fig 1A). Serum 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic (6.91 pmol/L; 4.05–13.49 pmol/L) and SNS (6.90 pmol/L; 4.08–18. 74 pmol/L) compared to healthy foals (9.99 pmol/L; 7.09–16.48 pmol/L) (P = 0.037) (Fig 1B). Sepsis score was negatively correlated with serum 25(OH)D3 (rs = - 0.23; P = 0.02), but not associated with 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations (rs = - 0.16; P = 0.19) in all newborn foals.


Vitamin D Metabolites and Their Association with Calcium, Phosphorus, and PTH Concentrations, Severity of Illness, and Mortality in Hospitalized Equine Neonates.

Kamr AM, Dembek KA, Reed SM, Slovis NM, Zaghawa AA, Rosol TJ, Toribio RE - PLoS ONE (2015)

Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations in healthy, SNS, and septic foals.Values are expressed as median and 95% CI. (A) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P < 0.0001). (B) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P = 0.037). * indicates a statistically significant difference from healthy foals.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4457534&req=5

pone.0127684.g001: Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations in healthy, SNS, and septic foals.Values are expressed as median and 95% CI. (A) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P < 0.0001). (B) Septic and SNS foals had significantly lower serum 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations compared to healthy foals (P = 0.037). * indicates a statistically significant difference from healthy foals.
Mentions: Serum 25(OH)D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic (8.22 ng/mL; 3.74–15.12 ng/mL) and SNS (6.94 ng/mL; 2.30–24.17 ng/mL) compared to healthy foals (14.54 ng/mL; 9.51–19.05 ng/mL) (P < 0.0001) (Fig 1A). Serum 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic (6.91 pmol/L; 4.05–13.49 pmol/L) and SNS (6.90 pmol/L; 4.08–18. 74 pmol/L) compared to healthy foals (9.99 pmol/L; 7.09–16.48 pmol/L) (P = 0.037) (Fig 1B). Sepsis score was negatively correlated with serum 25(OH)D3 (rs = - 0.23; P = 0.02), but not associated with 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations (rs = - 0.16; P = 0.19) in all newborn foals.

Bottom Line: Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH) 2D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic and SNS compared to healthy foals (P<0.0001; P = 0.037).Low 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations are associated with disease severity and mortality in hospitalized foals.Hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia together with decreased 1,25(OH)2D3 but increased PTH concentrations in septic foals indicates that PTH resistance may be associated with the development of these abnormalities.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sadat City, Sadat City, Egypt.

ABSTRACT

Background: Hypocalcemia is a frequent abnormality that has been associated with disease severity and outcome in hospitalized foals. However, the pathogenesis of equine neonatal hypocalcemia is poorly understood. Hypovitaminosis D in critically ill people has been linked to hypocalcemia and mortality; however, information on vitamin D metabolites and their association with clinical findings and outcome in critically ill foals is lacking. The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (hypovitaminosis D) and its association with serum calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations, disease severity, and mortality in hospitalized newborn foals.

Methods and results: One hundred newborn foals ≤72 hours old divided into hospitalized (n = 83; 59 septic, 24 sick non-septic [SNS]) and healthy (n = 17) groups were included. Blood samples were collected on admission to measure serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3], 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH) 2D3], and PTH concentrations. Data were analyzed by nonparametric methods and univariate logistic regression. The prevalence of hypovitaminosis D [defined as 25(OH)D3 <9.51 ng/mL] was 63% for hospitalized, 64% for septic, and 63% for SNS foals. Serum 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH) 2D3 concentrations were significantly lower in septic and SNS compared to healthy foals (P<0.0001; P = 0.037). Septic foals had significantly lower calcium and higher phosphorus and PTH concentrations than healthy and SNS foals (P<0.05). In hospitalized and septic foals, low 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations were associated with increased PTH but not with calcium or phosphorus concentrations. Septic foals with 25(OH)D3 <9.51 ng/mL and 1,25(OH) 2D3 <7.09 pmol/L were more likely to die (OR=3.62; 95% CI = 1.1-12.40; OR = 5.41; 95% CI = 1.19-24.52, respectively).

Conclusions: Low 25(OH)D3 and 1,25(OH)2D3 concentrations are associated with disease severity and mortality in hospitalized foals. Vitamin D deficiency may contribute to a pro-inflammatory state in equine perinatal diseases. Hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia together with decreased 1,25(OH)2D3 but increased PTH concentrations in septic foals indicates that PTH resistance may be associated with the development of these abnormalities.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus