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Saving Human Lives: What Complexity Science and Information Systems can Contribute.

Helbing D, Brockmann D, Chadefaux T, Donnay K, Blanke U, Woolley-Meza O, Moussaid M, Johansson A, Krause J, Schutte S, Perc M - J Stat Phys (2014)

Bottom Line: We discuss models and data of crowd disasters, crime, terrorism, war and disease spreading to show that conventional recipes, such as deterrence strategies, are often not effective and sufficient to contain them.Many common approaches do not provide a good picture of the actual system behavior, because they neglect feedback loops, instabilities and cascade effects.We highlight that a suitable system design and management can help to stop undesirable cascade effects and to enable favorable kinds of self-organization in the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland ; Risk Center, ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092  Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT

We discuss models and data of crowd disasters, crime, terrorism, war and disease spreading to show that conventional recipes, such as deterrence strategies, are often not effective and sufficient to contain them. Many common approaches do not provide a good picture of the actual system behavior, because they neglect feedback loops, instabilities and cascade effects. The complex and often counter-intuitive behavior of social systems and their macro-level collective dynamics can be better understood by means of complexity science. We highlight that a suitable system design and management can help to stop undesirable cascade effects and to enable favorable kinds of self-organization in the system. In such a way, complexity science can help to save human lives.

No MeSH data available.


Live view of crowd densities in the command and control center of the City Police Zürich
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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Fig3: Live view of crowd densities in the command and control center of the City Police Zürich

Mentions: Broadband-communication allows to capture, transmit and centrally process data in near real-time and to extract and visualize relevant crowd parameters in a command and control center (Fig. 3).


Saving Human Lives: What Complexity Science and Information Systems can Contribute.

Helbing D, Brockmann D, Chadefaux T, Donnay K, Blanke U, Woolley-Meza O, Moussaid M, Johansson A, Krause J, Schutte S, Perc M - J Stat Phys (2014)

Live view of crowd densities in the command and control center of the City Police Zürich
© Copyright Policy - OpenAccess
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4457089&req=5

Fig3: Live view of crowd densities in the command and control center of the City Police Zürich
Mentions: Broadband-communication allows to capture, transmit and centrally process data in near real-time and to extract and visualize relevant crowd parameters in a command and control center (Fig. 3).

Bottom Line: We discuss models and data of crowd disasters, crime, terrorism, war and disease spreading to show that conventional recipes, such as deterrence strategies, are often not effective and sufficient to contain them.Many common approaches do not provide a good picture of the actual system behavior, because they neglect feedback loops, instabilities and cascade effects.We highlight that a suitable system design and management can help to stop undesirable cascade effects and to enable favorable kinds of self-organization in the system.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland ; Risk Center, ETH Zurich, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 8092  Zurich, Switzerland.

ABSTRACT

We discuss models and data of crowd disasters, crime, terrorism, war and disease spreading to show that conventional recipes, such as deterrence strategies, are often not effective and sufficient to contain them. Many common approaches do not provide a good picture of the actual system behavior, because they neglect feedback loops, instabilities and cascade effects. The complex and often counter-intuitive behavior of social systems and their macro-level collective dynamics can be better understood by means of complexity science. We highlight that a suitable system design and management can help to stop undesirable cascade effects and to enable favorable kinds of self-organization in the system. In such a way, complexity science can help to save human lives.

No MeSH data available.