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Slow release anti-fungal skin formulations based on citric acid intercalated layered double hydroxides nanohybrids.

Perera J, Weerasekera M, Kottegoda N - Chem Cent J (2015)

Bottom Line: The resulting nanohybrid has been then, introduced into a general body cream formulation containing cocoa-butter.Both citrate LDH and the resulting body cream formulations demonstrated prolonged slow release characteristics up to 8 h in aqueous medium under different pH values (3, 4, and 5) compared to quick and fast release of pure citric acid.The novel nanohybrid has shown an improved activity and slow release characteristics up to 48 h against the C. albicans and C. glabrata but not for C. tropicalis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka.

ABSTRACT

Background: During the past few decades, the occurrence of superficial fungal infections has rapidly increased. As the fungal infections take longer time to get cured, concepts such as designing drugs with extended persistence and controlled release have gained attention. In this context, nanotechnology has been identified as the latest technological revolution which has opened up new pathways for designing new therapeutic materials. Out of the many available nano-structures layered double hydroxides have gained increased scientific attention in applications as slow and controlled release drug formulations. This study focuses on the encapsulation of citric acid which has anti-fungal properties into a Mg-Al- layered double hydroxide (LDH) in order to be used as slow release topical skin formulations.

Results: Citrate ions were encapsulated into Mg-Al LDH using one step co-precipitation reaction. The successful intercalation of citrate ions into the layered structure has been proved referring to the expansion in the interlayer spacing as observed by the shift in the basal peak of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy data suggests the change in the electron density around the carboxylate groups of the citrate ion thus providing evidences for formation of encapsulated hybrid composite. The resulting nanohybrid has been then, introduced into a general body cream formulation containing cocoa-butter. Both citrate LDH and the resulting body cream formulations demonstrated prolonged slow release characteristics up to 8 h in aqueous medium under different pH values (3, 4, and 5) compared to quick and fast release of pure citric acid. It was observed that the slow reelase was most efficient at low pH values. The encapsulation between the nano-layers and citrate ions are the key to the slow release characteristics. The body cream has been tested for the anti-fungal activity against three common Candida species (C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. tropicalis). The novel nanohybrid has shown an improved activity and slow release characteristics up to 48 h against the C. albicans and C. glabrata but not for C. tropicalis.

Conclusion: The study confirms that the citrate ion intercalated LDHs have the potential for use in future slow release antifungal drug formulation. Graphical AbstractSlow release nanohybrids based on citrate intercalated layered double hydroxides.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

SEM image of citrate-LDH. The internal morphologial features of the citrate-LDH is demonstrated in this image. The images have been captured in the secondary electron mode with a magnification of 60,000 and an accelerating voltage of 10 k eV
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Fig4: SEM image of citrate-LDH. The internal morphologial features of the citrate-LDH is demonstrated in this image. The images have been captured in the secondary electron mode with a magnification of 60,000 and an accelerating voltage of 10 k eV

Mentions: The morphological features of the citrate-LDH was studied using scanning electron microscopic imaging, Fig. 4. As evidenced by the image the composite demonstrated a typical layered structure containing nanometer size thick platelets. The crystallinity of the LDH was low according to the SEM images further corroborating the PXRD data. EDX data suggested a Mg: Al ratio of 2 as expected.Fig. 4


Slow release anti-fungal skin formulations based on citric acid intercalated layered double hydroxides nanohybrids.

Perera J, Weerasekera M, Kottegoda N - Chem Cent J (2015)

SEM image of citrate-LDH. The internal morphologial features of the citrate-LDH is demonstrated in this image. The images have been captured in the secondary electron mode with a magnification of 60,000 and an accelerating voltage of 10 k eV
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4446550&req=5

Fig4: SEM image of citrate-LDH. The internal morphologial features of the citrate-LDH is demonstrated in this image. The images have been captured in the secondary electron mode with a magnification of 60,000 and an accelerating voltage of 10 k eV
Mentions: The morphological features of the citrate-LDH was studied using scanning electron microscopic imaging, Fig. 4. As evidenced by the image the composite demonstrated a typical layered structure containing nanometer size thick platelets. The crystallinity of the LDH was low according to the SEM images further corroborating the PXRD data. EDX data suggested a Mg: Al ratio of 2 as expected.Fig. 4

Bottom Line: The resulting nanohybrid has been then, introduced into a general body cream formulation containing cocoa-butter.Both citrate LDH and the resulting body cream formulations demonstrated prolonged slow release characteristics up to 8 h in aqueous medium under different pH values (3, 4, and 5) compared to quick and fast release of pure citric acid.The novel nanohybrid has shown an improved activity and slow release characteristics up to 48 h against the C. albicans and C. glabrata but not for C. tropicalis.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Applied Science, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka.

ABSTRACT

Background: During the past few decades, the occurrence of superficial fungal infections has rapidly increased. As the fungal infections take longer time to get cured, concepts such as designing drugs with extended persistence and controlled release have gained attention. In this context, nanotechnology has been identified as the latest technological revolution which has opened up new pathways for designing new therapeutic materials. Out of the many available nano-structures layered double hydroxides have gained increased scientific attention in applications as slow and controlled release drug formulations. This study focuses on the encapsulation of citric acid which has anti-fungal properties into a Mg-Al- layered double hydroxide (LDH) in order to be used as slow release topical skin formulations.

Results: Citrate ions were encapsulated into Mg-Al LDH using one step co-precipitation reaction. The successful intercalation of citrate ions into the layered structure has been proved referring to the expansion in the interlayer spacing as observed by the shift in the basal peak of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy data suggests the change in the electron density around the carboxylate groups of the citrate ion thus providing evidences for formation of encapsulated hybrid composite. The resulting nanohybrid has been then, introduced into a general body cream formulation containing cocoa-butter. Both citrate LDH and the resulting body cream formulations demonstrated prolonged slow release characteristics up to 8 h in aqueous medium under different pH values (3, 4, and 5) compared to quick and fast release of pure citric acid. It was observed that the slow reelase was most efficient at low pH values. The encapsulation between the nano-layers and citrate ions are the key to the slow release characteristics. The body cream has been tested for the anti-fungal activity against three common Candida species (C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. tropicalis). The novel nanohybrid has shown an improved activity and slow release characteristics up to 48 h against the C. albicans and C. glabrata but not for C. tropicalis.

Conclusion: The study confirms that the citrate ion intercalated LDHs have the potential for use in future slow release antifungal drug formulation. Graphical AbstractSlow release nanohybrids based on citrate intercalated layered double hydroxides.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus