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Having a lot of a good thing: multiple important group memberships as a source of self-esteem.

Jetten J, Branscombe NR, Haslam SA, Haslam C, Cruwys T, Jones JM, Cui L, Dingle G, Liu J, Murphy SC, Murphy S, Thai A, Walter Z, Zhang A - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Study 2 shows that the effects of multiple important group memberships on personal self-esteem are not reducible to number of interpersonal ties.Studies 4 and 5 show that collective self-esteem mediates this effect, suggesting that membership in multiple important groups boosts personal self-esteem because people take pride in, and derive meaning from, important group memberships.Discussion focuses on when and why important group memberships act as a social resource that fuels personal self-esteem.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

ABSTRACT
Membership in important social groups can promote a positive identity. We propose and test an identity resource model in which personal self-esteem is boosted by membership in additional important social groups. Belonging to multiple important group memberships predicts personal self-esteem in children (Study 1a), older adults (Study 1b), and former residents of a homeless shelter (Study 1c). Study 2 shows that the effects of multiple important group memberships on personal self-esteem are not reducible to number of interpersonal ties. Studies 3a and 3b provide longitudinal evidence that multiple important group memberships predict personal self-esteem over time. Studies 4 and 5 show that collective self-esteem mediates this effect, suggesting that membership in multiple important groups boosts personal self-esteem because people take pride in, and derive meaning from, important group memberships. Discussion focuses on when and why important group memberships act as a social resource that fuels personal self-esteem.

No MeSH data available.


Study 2: Network representing out-degree (i.e., the number of friends a participant claimed) for Year 11 participants at a boys’ school in Australia.Note. Every participant is represented as a node and the size of the node represents the number of friends that were listed by participants. Connections between nodes indicate interpersonal ties. N = 161.
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pone.0124609.g001: Study 2: Network representing out-degree (i.e., the number of friends a participant claimed) for Year 11 participants at a boys’ school in Australia.Note. Every participant is represented as a node and the size of the node represents the number of friends that were listed by participants. Connections between nodes indicate interpersonal ties. N = 161.

Mentions: A complete network [64] was then formed for all responders within each grade, with each student forming a node and friendship ties forming edges between nodes. To create this network, we used undirected edges [73], creating a link between two students if either one named the other as a friend. As an illustration, the complete social network for the Year 11 participants is presented in Fig 1, with each node sized relative to the out-degree of the student it represents. Cross-grade friendships represented a very small percentage of friendships named and were not included when calculating the networks (unless, as stated in Footnote 7, individuals outside the year level were named by more than one individual, in which case those individuals, but not the rest of their year level, were included for the purposes of calculating the network measures before being removed). Each grade level network was calculated separately.


Having a lot of a good thing: multiple important group memberships as a source of self-esteem.

Jetten J, Branscombe NR, Haslam SA, Haslam C, Cruwys T, Jones JM, Cui L, Dingle G, Liu J, Murphy SC, Murphy S, Thai A, Walter Z, Zhang A - PLoS ONE (2015)

Study 2: Network representing out-degree (i.e., the number of friends a participant claimed) for Year 11 participants at a boys’ school in Australia.Note. Every participant is represented as a node and the size of the node represents the number of friends that were listed by participants. Connections between nodes indicate interpersonal ties. N = 161.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4446320&req=5

pone.0124609.g001: Study 2: Network representing out-degree (i.e., the number of friends a participant claimed) for Year 11 participants at a boys’ school in Australia.Note. Every participant is represented as a node and the size of the node represents the number of friends that were listed by participants. Connections between nodes indicate interpersonal ties. N = 161.
Mentions: A complete network [64] was then formed for all responders within each grade, with each student forming a node and friendship ties forming edges between nodes. To create this network, we used undirected edges [73], creating a link between two students if either one named the other as a friend. As an illustration, the complete social network for the Year 11 participants is presented in Fig 1, with each node sized relative to the out-degree of the student it represents. Cross-grade friendships represented a very small percentage of friendships named and were not included when calculating the networks (unless, as stated in Footnote 7, individuals outside the year level were named by more than one individual, in which case those individuals, but not the rest of their year level, were included for the purposes of calculating the network measures before being removed). Each grade level network was calculated separately.

Bottom Line: Study 2 shows that the effects of multiple important group memberships on personal self-esteem are not reducible to number of interpersonal ties.Studies 4 and 5 show that collective self-esteem mediates this effect, suggesting that membership in multiple important groups boosts personal self-esteem because people take pride in, and derive meaning from, important group memberships.Discussion focuses on when and why important group memberships act as a social resource that fuels personal self-esteem.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

ABSTRACT
Membership in important social groups can promote a positive identity. We propose and test an identity resource model in which personal self-esteem is boosted by membership in additional important social groups. Belonging to multiple important group memberships predicts personal self-esteem in children (Study 1a), older adults (Study 1b), and former residents of a homeless shelter (Study 1c). Study 2 shows that the effects of multiple important group memberships on personal self-esteem are not reducible to number of interpersonal ties. Studies 3a and 3b provide longitudinal evidence that multiple important group memberships predict personal self-esteem over time. Studies 4 and 5 show that collective self-esteem mediates this effect, suggesting that membership in multiple important groups boosts personal self-esteem because people take pride in, and derive meaning from, important group memberships. Discussion focuses on when and why important group memberships act as a social resource that fuels personal self-esteem.

No MeSH data available.