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Research on the health of people who experience detention or incarceration in Canada: a scoping review.

Kouyoumdjian FG, Schuler A, Hwang SW, Matheson FI - BMC Public Health (2015)

Bottom Line: We identified 194 studies that were eligible for inclusion.Most studies were conducted with males and with persons in federal facilities, and focused on mental health, substance use, and social determinant of health outcomes.Efforts should be made to improve data collection and knowledge dissemination, so that relevant data can be used more effectively to improve health and health care in this population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada. kouyoumdjiaf@smh.ca.

ABSTRACT

Background: We conducted a scoping review to define the extent and type of quantitative health status research conducted from 1993 to 2014 with people who have experienced detention or incarceration in correctional facilities in Canada.

Methods: We searched 15 databases, reviewed reference lists and relevant websites, and consulted with key stakeholders to identify eligible studies. We reviewed records for eligibility and extracted relevant data from eligible articles.

Results: We identified 194 studies that were eligible for inclusion. Most studies were conducted with males and with persons in federal facilities, and focused on mental health, substance use, and social determinant of health outcomes.

Conclusions: Health status data are limited for several outcomes, such as chronic disease, injury and sexual and reproductive health, and for persons in provincial facilities and post-release. Efforts should be made to improve data collection and knowledge dissemination, so that relevant data can be used more effectively to improve health and health care in this population.

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Related in: MedlinePlus

Flow diagram of study selection.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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Fig1: Flow diagram of study selection.

Mentions: As shown in FigureĀ 1, we identified 2560 records: 2419 through database searches, 34 from reference lists and sources known to the authors, and 107 on websites. After eliminating duplicates, there were 2239 records remaining. Of these, 515 were eligible for full review. We were unable to retrieve 1 article [25]. Of the remaining 514 full articles, 8 were duplicates that had not been identified previously, and 219 articles were eligible for inclusion. These 219 articles represent 194 unique studies (see Additional file 1).Figure 1


Research on the health of people who experience detention or incarceration in Canada: a scoping review.

Kouyoumdjian FG, Schuler A, Hwang SW, Matheson FI - BMC Public Health (2015)

Flow diagram of study selection.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4443600&req=5

Fig1: Flow diagram of study selection.
Mentions: As shown in FigureĀ 1, we identified 2560 records: 2419 through database searches, 34 from reference lists and sources known to the authors, and 107 on websites. After eliminating duplicates, there were 2239 records remaining. Of these, 515 were eligible for full review. We were unable to retrieve 1 article [25]. Of the remaining 514 full articles, 8 were duplicates that had not been identified previously, and 219 articles were eligible for inclusion. These 219 articles represent 194 unique studies (see Additional file 1).Figure 1

Bottom Line: We identified 194 studies that were eligible for inclusion.Most studies were conducted with males and with persons in federal facilities, and focused on mental health, substance use, and social determinant of health outcomes.Efforts should be made to improve data collection and knowledge dissemination, so that relevant data can be used more effectively to improve health and health care in this population.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Centre for Research on Inner City Health, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, ON, Canada. kouyoumdjiaf@smh.ca.

ABSTRACT

Background: We conducted a scoping review to define the extent and type of quantitative health status research conducted from 1993 to 2014 with people who have experienced detention or incarceration in correctional facilities in Canada.

Methods: We searched 15 databases, reviewed reference lists and relevant websites, and consulted with key stakeholders to identify eligible studies. We reviewed records for eligibility and extracted relevant data from eligible articles.

Results: We identified 194 studies that were eligible for inclusion. Most studies were conducted with males and with persons in federal facilities, and focused on mental health, substance use, and social determinant of health outcomes.

Conclusions: Health status data are limited for several outcomes, such as chronic disease, injury and sexual and reproductive health, and for persons in provincial facilities and post-release. Efforts should be made to improve data collection and knowledge dissemination, so that relevant data can be used more effectively to improve health and health care in this population.

Show MeSH
Related in: MedlinePlus