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Nurses' Knowledge and Education about Oral Care of Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy.

Pai RR, Ongole R - Indian J Palliat Care (2015 May-Aug)

Bottom Line: Oral health awareness and oral care are crucial aspects of oncology nursing practice.A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted among 158 staff nurses working in oncology related areas from 4 different hospitals of Dakshina Kannada district and Udupi district of Karnataka state, India. descriptive and inferential statistics was used by using SPSS 16 version.Lack of knowledge suggest the need to develop and implement continuing nursing education programs on oral care specifically for patients receiving cancer treatments, for improving knowledge of staff nurses' in order to render comprehensive care to the patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Context: Oral health awareness and oral care are crucial aspects of oncology nursing practice. However very few studies concentrate on the oral care of cancer patients undergoing cancer treatment and nursing practice in the Indian subcontinent. Most of the published studies have been conducted in the Western and European countries.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the nurses' knowledge and education about oral care in cancer patient undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Setting and design: A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted among 158 staff nurses working in oncology related areas from 4 different hospitals of Dakshina Kannada district and Udupi district of Karnataka state, India.

Statistical analysis: descriptive and inferential statistics was used by using SPSS 16 version.

Results: Majority 81 (51.3%) of the staff nurses had poor knowledge of oral care in cancer patients whereas 87 (55.1%) reported that knowledge acquired through basic education in oral care is not sufficient. Most of the staff nurses 115 (72.8%) did not receive basic education in oral care of cancer patients. There was significant association between knowledge and variables such as designation (.005), years of work experience (.040) and years of experience in cancer wards (.000) at 0.05 levels.

Conclusion: Lack of knowledge suggest the need to develop and implement continuing nursing education programs on oral care specifically for patients receiving cancer treatments, for improving knowledge of staff nurses' in order to render comprehensive care to the patients. This study also recommends the importance of inclusion of cancer patient specific oral care in the curriculum which can enhance competency of the qualified nurses in cancer wards.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Bar diagram showing the distribution of the knowledge scores n= 158
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Figure 1: Bar diagram showing the distribution of the knowledge scores n= 158

Mentions: The self-administered anonymous questionnaire was used for the study, which included demographic data, a structured knowledge questionnaire, and education-related information. Information in the demographic data sheet was related to staff nurses’ age, gender, qualification, special education, experience, and experience in oncology areas. Knowledge questionnaire [Figure 1] focused on oral care, oral complications of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and evidence-based interventions. Knowledge questionnaire consisted of 24 items. Each right answer was awarded 1 mark and was categorized further as good knowledge [score 18 and above (75%)], average knowledge [12 to 15 (50-74%)], poor knowledge [11 and below (less than 50%)]. Another tool regarding education included information regarding basic and continuing education, protocols, or policies related to oral care of cancer patients.


Nurses' Knowledge and Education about Oral Care of Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy.

Pai RR, Ongole R - Indian J Palliat Care (2015 May-Aug)

Bar diagram showing the distribution of the knowledge scores n= 158
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4441186&req=5

Figure 1: Bar diagram showing the distribution of the knowledge scores n= 158
Mentions: The self-administered anonymous questionnaire was used for the study, which included demographic data, a structured knowledge questionnaire, and education-related information. Information in the demographic data sheet was related to staff nurses’ age, gender, qualification, special education, experience, and experience in oncology areas. Knowledge questionnaire [Figure 1] focused on oral care, oral complications of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, and evidence-based interventions. Knowledge questionnaire consisted of 24 items. Each right answer was awarded 1 mark and was categorized further as good knowledge [score 18 and above (75%)], average knowledge [12 to 15 (50-74%)], poor knowledge [11 and below (less than 50%)]. Another tool regarding education included information regarding basic and continuing education, protocols, or policies related to oral care of cancer patients.

Bottom Line: Oral health awareness and oral care are crucial aspects of oncology nursing practice.A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted among 158 staff nurses working in oncology related areas from 4 different hospitals of Dakshina Kannada district and Udupi district of Karnataka state, India. descriptive and inferential statistics was used by using SPSS 16 version.Lack of knowledge suggest the need to develop and implement continuing nursing education programs on oral care specifically for patients receiving cancer treatments, for improving knowledge of staff nurses' in order to render comprehensive care to the patients.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Manipal College of Nursing, Manipal University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India.

ABSTRACT

Context: Oral health awareness and oral care are crucial aspects of oncology nursing practice. However very few studies concentrate on the oral care of cancer patients undergoing cancer treatment and nursing practice in the Indian subcontinent. Most of the published studies have been conducted in the Western and European countries.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the nurses' knowledge and education about oral care in cancer patient undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

Setting and design: A cross sectional descriptive survey was conducted among 158 staff nurses working in oncology related areas from 4 different hospitals of Dakshina Kannada district and Udupi district of Karnataka state, India.

Statistical analysis: descriptive and inferential statistics was used by using SPSS 16 version.

Results: Majority 81 (51.3%) of the staff nurses had poor knowledge of oral care in cancer patients whereas 87 (55.1%) reported that knowledge acquired through basic education in oral care is not sufficient. Most of the staff nurses 115 (72.8%) did not receive basic education in oral care of cancer patients. There was significant association between knowledge and variables such as designation (.005), years of work experience (.040) and years of experience in cancer wards (.000) at 0.05 levels.

Conclusion: Lack of knowledge suggest the need to develop and implement continuing nursing education programs on oral care specifically for patients receiving cancer treatments, for improving knowledge of staff nurses' in order to render comprehensive care to the patients. This study also recommends the importance of inclusion of cancer patient specific oral care in the curriculum which can enhance competency of the qualified nurses in cancer wards.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus