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Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Phenolic glycosides of the sugarcane product
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Figure 7: Phenolic glycosides of the sugarcane product

Mentions: Chemistry of various sugarcane products like mill syrups, brown sugar, molasses, and non-centrifugal sugar were also extensively studied.[33] In addition to some known compounds of sugarcane juice (43 - 45 and 48), three new flavonoid glycosides, tricin7-(2’-rhamnosyl)-α-galacturonide (55), orientin-7, 3’-dimethyl ether (56), and iso-orientin-7,3’-O-dimethyl ether (57), were isolated and identified from mill syrups.[34] Mollases have also been studied for their polyphenolic content. One novel O-glycoside, dehydroconiferylalcohol-9’-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (58) along with the already reported isoorientin-7, 3’-O-dimethyl ether (57) were isolated as antibacterial compounds from sugarcane molasses[35] [Figure 7]. Brown sugars are also used commercially in Brazil for its nutraceutical value and other biological activities.[3637] Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of aqueous and dichloromethane extracts of brown sugars confirmed the presence of various phenolic acids (59 - 63). In addition to phenolic acids, eight major volatile constituents (64 - 70) were also reported to be present in brown sugars [Figure 8].


Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

Phenolic glycosides of the sugarcane product
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4441162&req=5

Figure 7: Phenolic glycosides of the sugarcane product
Mentions: Chemistry of various sugarcane products like mill syrups, brown sugar, molasses, and non-centrifugal sugar were also extensively studied.[33] In addition to some known compounds of sugarcane juice (43 - 45 and 48), three new flavonoid glycosides, tricin7-(2’-rhamnosyl)-α-galacturonide (55), orientin-7, 3’-dimethyl ether (56), and iso-orientin-7,3’-O-dimethyl ether (57), were isolated and identified from mill syrups.[34] Mollases have also been studied for their polyphenolic content. One novel O-glycoside, dehydroconiferylalcohol-9’-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (58) along with the already reported isoorientin-7, 3’-O-dimethyl ether (57) were isolated as antibacterial compounds from sugarcane molasses[35] [Figure 7]. Brown sugars are also used commercially in Brazil for its nutraceutical value and other biological activities.[3637] Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of aqueous and dichloromethane extracts of brown sugars confirmed the presence of various phenolic acids (59 - 63). In addition to phenolic acids, eight major volatile constituents (64 - 70) were also reported to be present in brown sugars [Figure 8].

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus