Limits...
Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

New Flavone glycosides identified from sugarcane juice (48 - 52) and from sugarcane leaves (53, 54)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4441162&req=5

Figure 6: New Flavone glycosides identified from sugarcane juice (48 - 52) and from sugarcane leaves (53, 54)

Mentions: Sugarcane juice is the first material used for the production of sugar and other various valuable products like raw sugar/brown sugar, jaggery, and molasses. Although these products are prepared from the same source, their method of processing is different, as shown in Figure 1. Furthermore, to understand the phytochemistry of jaggery (non-centrifugal sugar), brown sugar, and molasses, it is necessary to explain the phytochemical profile of sugarcane juice. Sugarcane juice is obtained by grinding the sugarcane culms. Basically it comprises of 70 - 75% water, 13 - 15% sucrose, and 10 - 15% fiber. Before 1971, it was assumed that the color of juice might be due to the presence of plant pigments. In 1971, several color components from sugarcane juice have been identified, with chlorogenic acid (31), cinnamic acid (32), and flavones being some of them.[25] Following that, all the colored components from sugarcane juice were classified into four major classes: Plant pigments, polyphenolic compounds, caramels, and degradation products of sugars condensed with amino derivatives. Sugarcane juice was then extensively studied for their flavonoid content. Thereafter, a large number of old and new flavonoids were isolated and identified.[262728] High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with Diode-Array Detection (HPLC-DAD) analysis of phenolic compounds from sugarcane juice showed the presence of phenolic acids such as hydroxycinnamic acid (33), sinapic acid (34), and caffeic acid (35), along with flavones such as apigenin (36), luteolin (37), and tricin (38) [Figure 4]. Among the flavones, tricin derivatives accounted for the highest concentration.[29] Extensive chromatographic and spectroscopic studies indicated the presence of various -O- and -C- glycosides of the above-mentioned flavones, and 3947 were identified[30] [Figure 5]. Four new minor flavones swertisin (48), tricin-7-O-neohesperoside-4’-O-rhamnoside (49), tricin-7-O-methylglucuronate-4’-O-rhamnoside (50), and tricin-7-O-methylglucuronide (51) were isolated and identified from sugarcane juice.[31] In addition, some novel acylated flavone glycosides, such as, tricin-7-O-β-(6’-methoxycinnamic)-glucoside (52), luteolin-8-C-rhamnosyl glucoside (53), and tricin-4’-O-(erthroguaicylglyceryl)-ether (54) were isolated, along with orientin (47), from sugarcane juice[32] [Figure 6].


Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

New Flavone glycosides identified from sugarcane juice (48 - 52) and from sugarcane leaves (53, 54)
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4441162&req=5

Figure 6: New Flavone glycosides identified from sugarcane juice (48 - 52) and from sugarcane leaves (53, 54)
Mentions: Sugarcane juice is the first material used for the production of sugar and other various valuable products like raw sugar/brown sugar, jaggery, and molasses. Although these products are prepared from the same source, their method of processing is different, as shown in Figure 1. Furthermore, to understand the phytochemistry of jaggery (non-centrifugal sugar), brown sugar, and molasses, it is necessary to explain the phytochemical profile of sugarcane juice. Sugarcane juice is obtained by grinding the sugarcane culms. Basically it comprises of 70 - 75% water, 13 - 15% sucrose, and 10 - 15% fiber. Before 1971, it was assumed that the color of juice might be due to the presence of plant pigments. In 1971, several color components from sugarcane juice have been identified, with chlorogenic acid (31), cinnamic acid (32), and flavones being some of them.[25] Following that, all the colored components from sugarcane juice were classified into four major classes: Plant pigments, polyphenolic compounds, caramels, and degradation products of sugars condensed with amino derivatives. Sugarcane juice was then extensively studied for their flavonoid content. Thereafter, a large number of old and new flavonoids were isolated and identified.[262728] High-Performance Liquid Chromatography with Diode-Array Detection (HPLC-DAD) analysis of phenolic compounds from sugarcane juice showed the presence of phenolic acids such as hydroxycinnamic acid (33), sinapic acid (34), and caffeic acid (35), along with flavones such as apigenin (36), luteolin (37), and tricin (38) [Figure 4]. Among the flavones, tricin derivatives accounted for the highest concentration.[29] Extensive chromatographic and spectroscopic studies indicated the presence of various -O- and -C- glycosides of the above-mentioned flavones, and 3947 were identified[30] [Figure 5]. Four new minor flavones swertisin (48), tricin-7-O-neohesperoside-4’-O-rhamnoside (49), tricin-7-O-methylglucuronate-4’-O-rhamnoside (50), and tricin-7-O-methylglucuronide (51) were isolated and identified from sugarcane juice.[31] In addition, some novel acylated flavone glycosides, such as, tricin-7-O-β-(6’-methoxycinnamic)-glucoside (52), luteolin-8-C-rhamnosyl glucoside (53), and tricin-4’-O-(erthroguaicylglyceryl)-ether (54) were isolated, along with orientin (47), from sugarcane juice[32] [Figure 6].

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus