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Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Chemistry of sugarcane wax (a) Simple phytosterols; (b) Ketosteroids; (c) Hydroxyketosteroids; (d) Higher terpenoids
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Figure 3: Chemistry of sugarcane wax (a) Simple phytosterols; (b) Ketosteroids; (c) Hydroxyketosteroids; (d) Higher terpenoids

Mentions: Sugarcane wax is a whitish to dark-yellowish powdery deposit on the surface of stalks and leaves of S. officinarum, which appears as a cuticle layer. It is necessary to consider sugarcane wax when reviewing the phytochemical profile of S. officinarum because of its widespread industrial application, and cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest.[13] It is a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax.[14] The amount of wax in sugarcane ranges between 0.1 and 0.3%, depending upon its variety.[15] Sugarcane wax is used as a commercial source of long chain fatty alcohols, acids, esters, aldehydes, and ketones. Policosanols and D-003 along with some steroids and terpenoids have also been identified and isolated from sugarcane wax. Policosanols are a mixture of long chain primary aliphatic alcohols (1 - 8) ranging from 2.5 - 80%. Octacosanol (1) constitutes 50 - 80% of the total policosanoles.[16] Other major pharmacologically active components of sugarcane wax are long chain aliphatic fatty acids (9 - 18) present at lower concentrations. The mixture of these acids is known as D-003 [Figure 2].[17] Although fatty acid and fatty alcohol are reported as major constituents[1819202122] various phytosterols (19 - 22), steroids (23 - 28), and higher terpenoids (29 - 30) have also been reported in sugarcane wax[2324] [Figure 3].


Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

Chemistry of sugarcane wax (a) Simple phytosterols; (b) Ketosteroids; (c) Hydroxyketosteroids; (d) Higher terpenoids
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4441162&req=5

Figure 3: Chemistry of sugarcane wax (a) Simple phytosterols; (b) Ketosteroids; (c) Hydroxyketosteroids; (d) Higher terpenoids
Mentions: Sugarcane wax is a whitish to dark-yellowish powdery deposit on the surface of stalks and leaves of S. officinarum, which appears as a cuticle layer. It is necessary to consider sugarcane wax when reviewing the phytochemical profile of S. officinarum because of its widespread industrial application, and cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest.[13] It is a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax.[14] The amount of wax in sugarcane ranges between 0.1 and 0.3%, depending upon its variety.[15] Sugarcane wax is used as a commercial source of long chain fatty alcohols, acids, esters, aldehydes, and ketones. Policosanols and D-003 along with some steroids and terpenoids have also been identified and isolated from sugarcane wax. Policosanols are a mixture of long chain primary aliphatic alcohols (1 - 8) ranging from 2.5 - 80%. Octacosanol (1) constitutes 50 - 80% of the total policosanoles.[16] Other major pharmacologically active components of sugarcane wax are long chain aliphatic fatty acids (9 - 18) present at lower concentrations. The mixture of these acids is known as D-003 [Figure 2].[17] Although fatty acid and fatty alcohol are reported as major constituents[1819202122] various phytosterols (19 - 22), steroids (23 - 28), and higher terpenoids (29 - 30) have also been reported in sugarcane wax[2324] [Figure 3].

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus