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Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Processing of sugarcane products
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Figure 1: Processing of sugarcane products

Mentions: Sugarcane crop is cultivated for the production of sugar, but the processing of sugarcane yields various valuable products such as bagasse,[8] Brown sugar, molasses, syrup, and jaggery, along with sugar (table sugar). The processing of sugarcane in a large scale industry for the production of sugar is shown in Figure 1. It is clearly indicated that sugar is obtained after refining of vacuum-concentrated cane juice. However, other sugarcane products such as jaggery, brown sugar, and molasses are obtained in an unrefined form.[9] On account of the unrefined form of these products, there must be a presence of some phenolic compounds, which enhance their nutritional and medicinal value.[10]


Phytochemical profile of sugarcane and its potential health aspects.

Singh A, Lal UR, Mukhtar HM, Singh PS, Shah G, Dhawan RK - Pharmacogn Rev (2015 Jan-Jun)

Processing of sugarcane products
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4441162&req=5

Figure 1: Processing of sugarcane products
Mentions: Sugarcane crop is cultivated for the production of sugar, but the processing of sugarcane yields various valuable products such as bagasse,[8] Brown sugar, molasses, syrup, and jaggery, along with sugar (table sugar). The processing of sugarcane in a large scale industry for the production of sugar is shown in Figure 1. It is clearly indicated that sugar is obtained after refining of vacuum-concentrated cane juice. However, other sugarcane products such as jaggery, brown sugar, and molasses are obtained in an unrefined form.[9] On account of the unrefined form of these products, there must be a presence of some phenolic compounds, which enhance their nutritional and medicinal value.[10]

Bottom Line: Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products.The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids.The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Pharmacognosy, Khalsa College of Pharmacy, Amritsar, Punjab, India.

ABSTRACT
Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum Linn.) is an important perennial grass of Poaceae family, indigenous to tropical South Asia and Southeast Asia. It is cultivated worldwide due to the economical and medicinal value of its high yielding products. Sugarcane juice is well known as a raw material for the production of refined sugar and its wax is considered as a potential substitute for the expensive carnauba wax, which is of cosmetic and pharmaceutical interest. Refined sugar is the primary product of sugarcane juice, but during its processing, various other valuable products are also obtained in an unrefined form, such as, brown sugar, molasses, and jaggery. Sugarcane juice is widely used in India in the treatment of jaundice, hemorrhage, dysuria, anuria, and other urinary diseases. Herein, we have summarized the different phytoconstituents and health benefits of sugarcane and its valuable products. The phytochemistry of sugarcane wax (obtained from the leaves and stalks of sugarcane), leaves, juice, and its products has revealed the presence of various fatty acid, alcohol, phytosterols, higher terpenoids, flavonoids, -O- and -C-glycosides, and phenolic acids. The future prospective of some of the sugarcane products has been discussed, which needs a phytopharmacological study and has a great potential to be a valuable medicinal product.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus