Limits...
TRAF1 Coordinates Polyubiquitin Signaling to Enhance Epstein-Barr Virus LMP1-Mediated Growth and Survival Pathway Activation.

Greenfeld H, Takasaki K, Walsh MJ, Ersing I, Bernhardt K, Ma Y, Fu B, Ashbaugh CW, Cabo J, Mollo SB, Zhou H, Li S, Gewurz BE - PLoS Pathog. (2015)

Bottom Line: TRAF1 is amongst the most highly TES1-induced target genes and is abundantly expressed in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.We found that TRAF1 expression enhanced LMP1 TES1 domain-mediated activation of the p38, JNK, ERK and canonical NF-kB pathways, but not non-canonical NF-kB pathway activity.Our results highlight LUBAC as a novel potential therapeutic target in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded oncoprotein Latent Membrane Protein 1 (LMP1) signals through two C-terminal tail domains to drive cell growth, survival and transformation. The LMP1 membrane-proximal TES1/CTAR1 domain recruits TRAFs to activate MAP kinase, non-canonical and canonical NF-kB pathways, and is critical for EBV-mediated B-cell transformation. TRAF1 is amongst the most highly TES1-induced target genes and is abundantly expressed in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders. We found that TRAF1 expression enhanced LMP1 TES1 domain-mediated activation of the p38, JNK, ERK and canonical NF-kB pathways, but not non-canonical NF-kB pathway activity. To gain insights into how TRAF1 amplifies LMP1 TES1 MAP kinase and canonical NF-kB pathways, we performed proteomic analysis of TRAF1 complexes immuno-purified from cells uninduced or induced for LMP1 TES1 signaling. Unexpectedly, we found that LMP1 TES1 domain signaling induced an association between TRAF1 and the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), and stimulated linear (M1)-linked polyubiquitin chain attachment to TRAF1 complexes. LMP1 or TRAF1 complexes isolated from EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid B cell lines (LCLs) were highly modified by M1-linked polyubiqutin chains. The M1-ubiquitin binding proteins IKK-gamma/NEMO, A20 and ABIN1 each associate with TRAF1 in cells that express LMP1. TRAF2, but not the cIAP1 or cIAP2 ubiquitin ligases, plays a key role in LUBAC recruitment and M1-chain attachment to TRAF1 complexes, implicating the TRAF1:TRAF2 heterotrimer in LMP1 TES1-dependent LUBAC activation. Depletion of either TRAF1, or the LUBAC ubiquitin E3 ligase subunit HOIP, markedly impaired LCL growth. Likewise, LMP1 or TRAF1 complexes purified from LCLs were decorated by lysine 63 (K63)-linked polyubiqutin chains. LMP1 TES1 signaling induced K63-polyubiquitin chain attachment to TRAF1 complexes, and TRAF2 was identified as K63-Ub chain target. Co-localization of M1- and K63-linked polyubiquitin chains on LMP1 complexes may facilitate downstream canonical NF-kB pathway activation. Our results highlight LUBAC as a novel potential therapeutic target in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

LMP1 1–231 expression induces K63-pUb chain attachment to TRAF2.293 cells were co-transfected with FLAG-tagged GFP, TRAF1 (T1), TRAF2 (T2), TRAF3 (T3), or LMP1 constructs, HA-LMP1, and untagged TRAF1 for 24 hours, as indicated. 1% SDS was added to whole cell lysates, and samples were boiled for 5 minutes to denature complexes. SDS was diluted to 0.1%, and anti-FLAG IP was performed. Western blots were performed, as indicated. A-D are representative of three independent experiments.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4440769&req=5

ppat.1004890.g010: LMP1 1–231 expression induces K63-pUb chain attachment to TRAF2.293 cells were co-transfected with FLAG-tagged GFP, TRAF1 (T1), TRAF2 (T2), TRAF3 (T3), or LMP1 constructs, HA-LMP1, and untagged TRAF1 for 24 hours, as indicated. 1% SDS was added to whole cell lysates, and samples were boiled for 5 minutes to denature complexes. SDS was diluted to 0.1%, and anti-FLAG IP was performed. Western blots were performed, as indicated. A-D are representative of three independent experiments.

Mentions: To determine whether LMP1 might itself be modified by K63-linked pUb chains, 293 cells were also co-transfected with untagged TRAF1 and FLAG-LMP1. To denature protein-protein complexes, 1% SDS was added to 293 cell lysates, and samples were boiled for 5 minutes. The SDS concentration was then reduced to 0.1% by addition of NP40 lysis buffer, and FLAG-tagged proteins were immune-purified. Interestingly, western blot analysis demonstrated K63-pUb chain modification of FLAG-TRAF2 (lane 3), whereas signals in other lanes were similar to the FLAG GFP negative control (Fig 10). To determine whether LMP1 signaling induced K63-pUb chain attachment on TRAF2, we also analyzed 293 cells co-transfected with TRAF2 and untagged TRAF1, but no LMP1 (lane 6). Interestingly, FLAG-TRAF2 complexes had only background levels of K63-pUb chains when not co-expressed with LMP1, despite similar TRAF2 expression levels. Collectively, our results suggest that LMP1 and TRAF1 stimulate K63-pUb attachment to TRAF2, likely in the context of a TRAF1:TRAF2 heterotrimer.


TRAF1 Coordinates Polyubiquitin Signaling to Enhance Epstein-Barr Virus LMP1-Mediated Growth and Survival Pathway Activation.

Greenfeld H, Takasaki K, Walsh MJ, Ersing I, Bernhardt K, Ma Y, Fu B, Ashbaugh CW, Cabo J, Mollo SB, Zhou H, Li S, Gewurz BE - PLoS Pathog. (2015)

LMP1 1–231 expression induces K63-pUb chain attachment to TRAF2.293 cells were co-transfected with FLAG-tagged GFP, TRAF1 (T1), TRAF2 (T2), TRAF3 (T3), or LMP1 constructs, HA-LMP1, and untagged TRAF1 for 24 hours, as indicated. 1% SDS was added to whole cell lysates, and samples were boiled for 5 minutes to denature complexes. SDS was diluted to 0.1%, and anti-FLAG IP was performed. Western blots were performed, as indicated. A-D are representative of three independent experiments.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4440769&req=5

ppat.1004890.g010: LMP1 1–231 expression induces K63-pUb chain attachment to TRAF2.293 cells were co-transfected with FLAG-tagged GFP, TRAF1 (T1), TRAF2 (T2), TRAF3 (T3), or LMP1 constructs, HA-LMP1, and untagged TRAF1 for 24 hours, as indicated. 1% SDS was added to whole cell lysates, and samples were boiled for 5 minutes to denature complexes. SDS was diluted to 0.1%, and anti-FLAG IP was performed. Western blots were performed, as indicated. A-D are representative of three independent experiments.
Mentions: To determine whether LMP1 might itself be modified by K63-linked pUb chains, 293 cells were also co-transfected with untagged TRAF1 and FLAG-LMP1. To denature protein-protein complexes, 1% SDS was added to 293 cell lysates, and samples were boiled for 5 minutes. The SDS concentration was then reduced to 0.1% by addition of NP40 lysis buffer, and FLAG-tagged proteins were immune-purified. Interestingly, western blot analysis demonstrated K63-pUb chain modification of FLAG-TRAF2 (lane 3), whereas signals in other lanes were similar to the FLAG GFP negative control (Fig 10). To determine whether LMP1 signaling induced K63-pUb chain attachment on TRAF2, we also analyzed 293 cells co-transfected with TRAF2 and untagged TRAF1, but no LMP1 (lane 6). Interestingly, FLAG-TRAF2 complexes had only background levels of K63-pUb chains when not co-expressed with LMP1, despite similar TRAF2 expression levels. Collectively, our results suggest that LMP1 and TRAF1 stimulate K63-pUb attachment to TRAF2, likely in the context of a TRAF1:TRAF2 heterotrimer.

Bottom Line: TRAF1 is amongst the most highly TES1-induced target genes and is abundantly expressed in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.We found that TRAF1 expression enhanced LMP1 TES1 domain-mediated activation of the p38, JNK, ERK and canonical NF-kB pathways, but not non-canonical NF-kB pathway activity.Our results highlight LUBAC as a novel potential therapeutic target in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

ABSTRACT
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded oncoprotein Latent Membrane Protein 1 (LMP1) signals through two C-terminal tail domains to drive cell growth, survival and transformation. The LMP1 membrane-proximal TES1/CTAR1 domain recruits TRAFs to activate MAP kinase, non-canonical and canonical NF-kB pathways, and is critical for EBV-mediated B-cell transformation. TRAF1 is amongst the most highly TES1-induced target genes and is abundantly expressed in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders. We found that TRAF1 expression enhanced LMP1 TES1 domain-mediated activation of the p38, JNK, ERK and canonical NF-kB pathways, but not non-canonical NF-kB pathway activity. To gain insights into how TRAF1 amplifies LMP1 TES1 MAP kinase and canonical NF-kB pathways, we performed proteomic analysis of TRAF1 complexes immuno-purified from cells uninduced or induced for LMP1 TES1 signaling. Unexpectedly, we found that LMP1 TES1 domain signaling induced an association between TRAF1 and the linear ubiquitin chain assembly complex (LUBAC), and stimulated linear (M1)-linked polyubiquitin chain attachment to TRAF1 complexes. LMP1 or TRAF1 complexes isolated from EBV-transformed lymphoblastoid B cell lines (LCLs) were highly modified by M1-linked polyubiqutin chains. The M1-ubiquitin binding proteins IKK-gamma/NEMO, A20 and ABIN1 each associate with TRAF1 in cells that express LMP1. TRAF2, but not the cIAP1 or cIAP2 ubiquitin ligases, plays a key role in LUBAC recruitment and M1-chain attachment to TRAF1 complexes, implicating the TRAF1:TRAF2 heterotrimer in LMP1 TES1-dependent LUBAC activation. Depletion of either TRAF1, or the LUBAC ubiquitin E3 ligase subunit HOIP, markedly impaired LCL growth. Likewise, LMP1 or TRAF1 complexes purified from LCLs were decorated by lysine 63 (K63)-linked polyubiqutin chains. LMP1 TES1 signaling induced K63-polyubiquitin chain attachment to TRAF1 complexes, and TRAF2 was identified as K63-Ub chain target. Co-localization of M1- and K63-linked polyubiquitin chains on LMP1 complexes may facilitate downstream canonical NF-kB pathway activation. Our results highlight LUBAC as a novel potential therapeutic target in EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus