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Dietary patterns and household food insecurity in rural populations of Kilosa district, Tanzania.

Ntwenya JE, Kinabo J, Msuya J, Mamiro P, Majili ZS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Food consumption patterns and food insecurity varied by seasons with worst scenarios most prevalent during the rainy season.The risk for inadequate dietary diversity was higher among food insecure households compared to food secure households.Effort geared at alleviating household food insecurity could contribute to consumption of a wide range of food items at the household level.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Dodoma, Department of Public Health, P.O. BOX 395, Dodoma. Tanzania.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Few studies have investigated the relationship between dietary pattern and household food insecurity. The objective of the present analysis was to describe the food consumption patterns and to relate these with the prevalence of food insecurity in the context of a rural community.

Methodology: Three hundred and seven (307) randomly selected households in Kilosa district participated in the study. Data were collected during the rainy season (February-May) and post harvest season (September-October) in the year 2011. Food consumption pattern was determined using a 24-h dietary recall method. Food insecurity data were based on the 30 day recall experience to food insecurity in the household. Factor analysis method using Principal Components extraction function was used to derive the dietary patterns and correlation analysis was used to establish the existing relationship between household food insecurity and dietary patterns factor score.

Results: Four food consumption patterns namely (I) Meat and milk; (II) Pulses, legumes, nuts and cooking oils; (III) fish (and other sea foods), roots and tubers; (IV) Cereals, vegetables and fruits consumption patterns were identified during harvest season. Dietary patterns identified during the rainy season were as follows: (I) Fruits, cooking oils, fats, roots and tubers (II) Eggs, meat, milk and milk products (III) Fish, other sea foods, vegetables, roots and tubers and (IV) Pulses, legumes, nuts, cereals and vegetables. Household food insecurity was 80% and 69% during rainy and harvest-seasons, respectively (P = 0.01). Household food insecurity access scale score was negatively correlated with the factor scores on household dietary diversity.

Conclusion: Food consumption patterns and food insecurity varied by seasons with worst scenarios most prevalent during the rainy season. The risk for inadequate dietary diversity was higher among food insecure households compared to food secure households. Effort geared at alleviating household food insecurity could contribute to consumption of a wide range of food items at the household level.

No MeSH data available.


Prevalence of food insecurity by seasons among 307 subjects studied, adult rural household members from the Kilosa District, Tanzania.
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pone.0126038.g001: Prevalence of food insecurity by seasons among 307 subjects studied, adult rural household members from the Kilosa District, Tanzania.

Mentions: About 80% and 69% of the surveyed households were food insecure during the long rainy season and immediately after harvest season, respectively (Fig 1).


Dietary patterns and household food insecurity in rural populations of Kilosa district, Tanzania.

Ntwenya JE, Kinabo J, Msuya J, Mamiro P, Majili ZS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Prevalence of food insecurity by seasons among 307 subjects studied, adult rural household members from the Kilosa District, Tanzania.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4440765&req=5

pone.0126038.g001: Prevalence of food insecurity by seasons among 307 subjects studied, adult rural household members from the Kilosa District, Tanzania.
Mentions: About 80% and 69% of the surveyed households were food insecure during the long rainy season and immediately after harvest season, respectively (Fig 1).

Bottom Line: Food consumption patterns and food insecurity varied by seasons with worst scenarios most prevalent during the rainy season.The risk for inadequate dietary diversity was higher among food insecure households compared to food secure households.Effort geared at alleviating household food insecurity could contribute to consumption of a wide range of food items at the household level.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: University of Dodoma, Department of Public Health, P.O. BOX 395, Dodoma. Tanzania.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Few studies have investigated the relationship between dietary pattern and household food insecurity. The objective of the present analysis was to describe the food consumption patterns and to relate these with the prevalence of food insecurity in the context of a rural community.

Methodology: Three hundred and seven (307) randomly selected households in Kilosa district participated in the study. Data were collected during the rainy season (February-May) and post harvest season (September-October) in the year 2011. Food consumption pattern was determined using a 24-h dietary recall method. Food insecurity data were based on the 30 day recall experience to food insecurity in the household. Factor analysis method using Principal Components extraction function was used to derive the dietary patterns and correlation analysis was used to establish the existing relationship between household food insecurity and dietary patterns factor score.

Results: Four food consumption patterns namely (I) Meat and milk; (II) Pulses, legumes, nuts and cooking oils; (III) fish (and other sea foods), roots and tubers; (IV) Cereals, vegetables and fruits consumption patterns were identified during harvest season. Dietary patterns identified during the rainy season were as follows: (I) Fruits, cooking oils, fats, roots and tubers (II) Eggs, meat, milk and milk products (III) Fish, other sea foods, vegetables, roots and tubers and (IV) Pulses, legumes, nuts, cereals and vegetables. Household food insecurity was 80% and 69% during rainy and harvest-seasons, respectively (P = 0.01). Household food insecurity access scale score was negatively correlated with the factor scores on household dietary diversity.

Conclusion: Food consumption patterns and food insecurity varied by seasons with worst scenarios most prevalent during the rainy season. The risk for inadequate dietary diversity was higher among food insecure households compared to food secure households. Effort geared at alleviating household food insecurity could contribute to consumption of a wide range of food items at the household level.

No MeSH data available.