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Opportunities for strengthening provider-initiated testing and counselling for HIV in Namibia.

Davyduke T, Pietersen I, Lowrance D, Amwaama S, Taegtmeyer M - AIDS Care (2015)

Bottom Line: Four health facilities (clinics and hospitals) in two regions were included in the study.Institutional issues also acted as barriers to nurses performing or initiating discussions about PITC.Wider dissemination and implementation of policy, increasing privacy of consultation spaces and community sensitisation are simple measures that represent opportunities for strengthening this response and ensuring that symptomatic individuals who are unaware of their HIV status do not fall through the net.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine , Liverpool , UK.

ABSTRACT
This short report identifies enablers and barriers to the uptake of provider-initiated testing and counselling for HIV (PITC) in Namibia and identifies key opportunities for strengthening this vital aspect of the national HIV response. We explored this through facility mapping, register reviews and qualitative methods including focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. Four health facilities (clinics and hospitals) in two regions were included in the study. We identified that PITC in Namibia was largely delivered by lay counsellors operating in designated rapid testing rooms located in health facilities and found a large number of missed opportunities for HIV testing through this model. Nurses did not see it as an integral part of their role, were not aware of HIV testing and counselling policy, felt inadequately trained and supported, and experienced staffing shortages. Institutional issues also acted as barriers to nurses performing or initiating discussions about PITC. Wider dissemination and implementation of policy, increasing privacy of consultation spaces and community sensitisation are simple measures that represent opportunities for strengthening this response and ensuring that symptomatic individuals who are unaware of their HIV status do not fall through the net.

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PITC steps.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection

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f0001: PITC steps.

Mentions: Observational data, register reviews and interviews all showed that co-located CCs performed all of the HIV testing reported in the time period of this study. Counselling and testing was performed in a designated and physically separate room, utilising a full VCT protocol rather than the abbreviated PITC protocol (see Figure 1 for a description of the observed HTC process and client flow). The provision of HTC was during the CC's working hours only:


Opportunities for strengthening provider-initiated testing and counselling for HIV in Namibia.

Davyduke T, Pietersen I, Lowrance D, Amwaama S, Taegtmeyer M - AIDS Care (2015)

PITC steps.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4440621&req=5

f0001: PITC steps.
Mentions: Observational data, register reviews and interviews all showed that co-located CCs performed all of the HIV testing reported in the time period of this study. Counselling and testing was performed in a designated and physically separate room, utilising a full VCT protocol rather than the abbreviated PITC protocol (see Figure 1 for a description of the observed HTC process and client flow). The provision of HTC was during the CC's working hours only:

Bottom Line: Four health facilities (clinics and hospitals) in two regions were included in the study.Institutional issues also acted as barriers to nurses performing or initiating discussions about PITC.Wider dissemination and implementation of policy, increasing privacy of consultation spaces and community sensitisation are simple measures that represent opportunities for strengthening this response and ensuring that symptomatic individuals who are unaware of their HIV status do not fall through the net.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: a Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine , Liverpool , UK.

ABSTRACT
This short report identifies enablers and barriers to the uptake of provider-initiated testing and counselling for HIV (PITC) in Namibia and identifies key opportunities for strengthening this vital aspect of the national HIV response. We explored this through facility mapping, register reviews and qualitative methods including focus group discussions and in-depth interviews. Four health facilities (clinics and hospitals) in two regions were included in the study. We identified that PITC in Namibia was largely delivered by lay counsellors operating in designated rapid testing rooms located in health facilities and found a large number of missed opportunities for HIV testing through this model. Nurses did not see it as an integral part of their role, were not aware of HIV testing and counselling policy, felt inadequately trained and supported, and experienced staffing shortages. Institutional issues also acted as barriers to nurses performing or initiating discussions about PITC. Wider dissemination and implementation of policy, increasing privacy of consultation spaces and community sensitisation are simple measures that represent opportunities for strengthening this response and ensuring that symptomatic individuals who are unaware of their HIV status do not fall through the net.

Show MeSH