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Imaging in endometrial carcinoma.

Faria SC, Sagebiel T, Balachandran A, Devine C, Lal C, Bhosale PR - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2015 Apr-Jun)

Bottom Line: Several imaging techniques such as transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been used as diagnostic tools for preoperative staging of EC.Recently, positron emission tomography (PET), PET/CT, and PET/MRI have also been used in staging these patients.In this article, we review the value of imaging in diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and detection of recurrent disease in patients with EC.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, Houston, Texas, USA.

ABSTRACT
Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most common gynecologic malignancy in the United States. Prognosis depends on patient age, histological grade, depth of myometrial invasion and/or cervical invasion, and the presence of lymph node metastases. Although EC is staged surgically according to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) system, preoperative imaging can assist in optimal treatment planning. Several imaging techniques such as transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been used as diagnostic tools for preoperative staging of EC. Recently, positron emission tomography (PET), PET/CT, and PET/MRI have also been used in staging these patients. In this article, we review the value of imaging in diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and detection of recurrent disease in patients with EC.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

A 66-year-old female with endometrial cancer. (A) Coronal and (B) sagittal reformatted contrast-enhanced computed tomography images of the pelvis show thick hypodense and hypoenhancing endometrium (arrows). (C) Coronal T2W MR image showing a thick and heterogeneous endometrium (arrow) in this patient with biopsy-proven diagnosis of endometrial cancer
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Figure 3: A 66-year-old female with endometrial cancer. (A) Coronal and (B) sagittal reformatted contrast-enhanced computed tomography images of the pelvis show thick hypodense and hypoenhancing endometrium (arrows). (C) Coronal T2W MR image showing a thick and heterogeneous endometrium (arrow) in this patient with biopsy-proven diagnosis of endometrial cancer

Mentions: On contrast-enhanced CT, EC appears as a hypoattenuating and hypoenhancing mass in the endometrial cavity [Figure 3]. However, this appearance is nonspecific and the differential diagnosis of a hypoenhancing endometrial mass on CT includes submucosal leiomyomas, endometrial polyps, or cervical stenosis.


Imaging in endometrial carcinoma.

Faria SC, Sagebiel T, Balachandran A, Devine C, Lal C, Bhosale PR - Indian J Radiol Imaging (2015 Apr-Jun)

A 66-year-old female with endometrial cancer. (A) Coronal and (B) sagittal reformatted contrast-enhanced computed tomography images of the pelvis show thick hypodense and hypoenhancing endometrium (arrows). (C) Coronal T2W MR image showing a thick and heterogeneous endometrium (arrow) in this patient with biopsy-proven diagnosis of endometrial cancer
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4419423&req=5

Figure 3: A 66-year-old female with endometrial cancer. (A) Coronal and (B) sagittal reformatted contrast-enhanced computed tomography images of the pelvis show thick hypodense and hypoenhancing endometrium (arrows). (C) Coronal T2W MR image showing a thick and heterogeneous endometrium (arrow) in this patient with biopsy-proven diagnosis of endometrial cancer
Mentions: On contrast-enhanced CT, EC appears as a hypoattenuating and hypoenhancing mass in the endometrial cavity [Figure 3]. However, this appearance is nonspecific and the differential diagnosis of a hypoenhancing endometrial mass on CT includes submucosal leiomyomas, endometrial polyps, or cervical stenosis.

Bottom Line: Several imaging techniques such as transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been used as diagnostic tools for preoperative staging of EC.Recently, positron emission tomography (PET), PET/CT, and PET/MRI have also been used in staging these patients.In this article, we review the value of imaging in diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and detection of recurrent disease in patients with EC.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, The University of Texas, Houston, Texas, USA.

ABSTRACT
Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most common gynecologic malignancy in the United States. Prognosis depends on patient age, histological grade, depth of myometrial invasion and/or cervical invasion, and the presence of lymph node metastases. Although EC is staged surgically according to the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) system, preoperative imaging can assist in optimal treatment planning. Several imaging techniques such as transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been used as diagnostic tools for preoperative staging of EC. Recently, positron emission tomography (PET), PET/CT, and PET/MRI have also been used in staging these patients. In this article, we review the value of imaging in diagnosis, staging, treatment planning, and detection of recurrent disease in patients with EC.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus