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Consensus comparative analysis of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes.

Zhang S, Poon E, Xie D, Boheler KR, Li RA, Wong HS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Based on both theoretical analysis and experimental validation, CSSCMP is more efficient and less susceptible to experimental variations than traditional methods.Our results provide important molecular information intrinsic to hESC-CM differentiation.Data and Matlab codes can be downloaded from S1 Data.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
Global transcriptional analyses have been performed with human embryonic stem cells (hESC) derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) to identify molecules and pathways important for human CM differentiation, but variations in culture and profiling conditions have led to greatly divergent results among different studies. Consensus investigation to identify genes and gene sets enriched in multiple studies is important for revealing differential gene expression intrinsic to human CM differentiation independent of the above variables, but reliable methods of conducting such comparison are lacking. We examined differential gene expression between hESC and hESC-CMs from multiple microarray studies. For single gene analysis, we identified genes that were expressed at increased levels in hESC-CMs in seven datasets and which have not been previously highlighted. For gene set analysis, we developed a new algorithm, consensus comparative analysis (CSSCMP), capable of evaluating enrichment of gene sets from heterogeneous data sources. Based on both theoretical analysis and experimental validation, CSSCMP is more efficient and less susceptible to experimental variations than traditional methods. We applied CSSCMP to hESC-CM microarray data and revealed novel gene set enrichment (e.g., glucocorticoid stimulus), and also identified genes that might mediate this response. Our results provide important molecular information intrinsic to hESC-CM differentiation. Data and Matlab codes can be downloaded from S1 Data.

No MeSH data available.


Verification of the properties of consensus comparative analysis compared with random data.(a) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (b) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (c) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top HSBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance; (d) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top UCLBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance. The CS score heavily depends on the gene set sizes, while CSSCMP scores are insensitive to the size of gene sets and consistently small under random data with different levels of variance.
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pone.0125442.g004: Verification of the properties of consensus comparative analysis compared with random data.(a) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (b) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (c) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top HSBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance; (d) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top UCLBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance. The CS score heavily depends on the gene set sizes, while CSSCMP scores are insensitive to the size of gene sets and consistently small under random data with different levels of variance.

Mentions: We first investigated our CSSCMP analysis method using random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes. As shown in Fig 4A and 4B, the CS score heavily depended on gene set sizes, while CSSCMP scores were consistently small and insensitive to the sizes. These observations suggested that CSSCMP was capable of detecting randomness and was more robust against the effect of gene set sizes, both of which were in agreement with the proposition in Eq (7).


Consensus comparative analysis of human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes.

Zhang S, Poon E, Xie D, Boheler KR, Li RA, Wong HS - PLoS ONE (2015)

Verification of the properties of consensus comparative analysis compared with random data.(a) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (b) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (c) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top HSBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance; (d) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top UCLBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance. The CS score heavily depends on the gene set sizes, while CSSCMP scores are insensitive to the size of gene sets and consistently small under random data with different levels of variance.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4418815&req=5

pone.0125442.g004: Verification of the properties of consensus comparative analysis compared with random data.(a) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (b) Plots of CS scores based on random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes; (c) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top HSBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance; (d) Mean of CSSCMP scores of top UCLBP gene sets compared with the hESC-CM data and random data with different levels of variance. The CS score heavily depends on the gene set sizes, while CSSCMP scores are insensitive to the size of gene sets and consistently small under random data with different levels of variance.
Mentions: We first investigated our CSSCMP analysis method using random contingency matrices of 20 individual studies with various gene set sizes. As shown in Fig 4A and 4B, the CS score heavily depended on gene set sizes, while CSSCMP scores were consistently small and insensitive to the sizes. These observations suggested that CSSCMP was capable of detecting randomness and was more robust against the effect of gene set sizes, both of which were in agreement with the proposition in Eq (7).

Bottom Line: Based on both theoretical analysis and experimental validation, CSSCMP is more efficient and less susceptible to experimental variations than traditional methods.Our results provide important molecular information intrinsic to hESC-CM differentiation.Data and Matlab codes can be downloaded from S1 Data.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Computer Science, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, P.R. China.

ABSTRACT
Global transcriptional analyses have been performed with human embryonic stem cells (hESC) derived cardiomyocytes (CMs) to identify molecules and pathways important for human CM differentiation, but variations in culture and profiling conditions have led to greatly divergent results among different studies. Consensus investigation to identify genes and gene sets enriched in multiple studies is important for revealing differential gene expression intrinsic to human CM differentiation independent of the above variables, but reliable methods of conducting such comparison are lacking. We examined differential gene expression between hESC and hESC-CMs from multiple microarray studies. For single gene analysis, we identified genes that were expressed at increased levels in hESC-CMs in seven datasets and which have not been previously highlighted. For gene set analysis, we developed a new algorithm, consensus comparative analysis (CSSCMP), capable of evaluating enrichment of gene sets from heterogeneous data sources. Based on both theoretical analysis and experimental validation, CSSCMP is more efficient and less susceptible to experimental variations than traditional methods. We applied CSSCMP to hESC-CM microarray data and revealed novel gene set enrichment (e.g., glucocorticoid stimulus), and also identified genes that might mediate this response. Our results provide important molecular information intrinsic to hESC-CM differentiation. Data and Matlab codes can be downloaded from S1 Data.

No MeSH data available.