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Rapid assessment of ecosystem services provided by two mineral extraction sites restored for nature conservation in an agricultural landscape in eastern England.

Blaen PJ, Jia L, Peh KS, Field RH, Balmford A, MacDonald MA, Bradbury RB - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: Despite growing recognition that mineral sites restored for nature conservation can enhance local biodiversity, the wider societal benefits provided by this type of restoration relative to alternative options are not well understood.Using a combination of site-specific primary field data, benefits transfer and modelling, we show that for our sites restoration for nature conservation provides a more diverse array of ecosystem services than would be delivered under an agricultural restoration scenario.The results of this study highlight the wider societal importance of restored mineral sites and may help conservation managers and planners to develop future restoration strategies that provide benefits for both biodiversity and human well-being.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire, SG19 2DL, United Kingdom; School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
Despite growing recognition that mineral sites restored for nature conservation can enhance local biodiversity, the wider societal benefits provided by this type of restoration relative to alternative options are not well understood. This study addresses this research gap by quantifying differences in ecosystem services provision under two common mineral site after-uses: nature conservation and agriculture. Using a combination of site-specific primary field data, benefits transfer and modelling, we show that for our sites restoration for nature conservation provides a more diverse array of ecosystem services than would be delivered under an agricultural restoration scenario. We also explore the effects of addressing different conservation targets, which we find alter the provision of ecosystem services on a service-specific basis. Highly species-focused intervention areas are associated with increased carbon storage and livestock grazing provision, whereas non-intervention areas are important for carbon sequestration, fishing, recreation and flood risk mitigation. The results of this study highlight the wider societal importance of restored mineral sites and may help conservation managers and planners to develop future restoration strategies that provide benefits for both biodiversity and human well-being.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Ecosystem services provided by Fen Drayton under the current management regime and alternative intervention and non-intervention scenarios.Bars for C storage represent mean values and error bars represent upper and lower estimates assuming errors of ±90% mean values.
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pone.0121010.g003: Ecosystem services provided by Fen Drayton under the current management regime and alternative intervention and non-intervention scenarios.Bars for C storage represent mean values and error bars represent upper and lower estimates assuming errors of ±90% mean values.

Mentions: The total C stock of Ouse Fen in its current nature conservation state is estimated at 16087 ±14478 Mg C, of which more than half is stored in SOM [Table 2; Fig. 2A]. Reedbed habitat represents 70% of total C storage at the site. Under the agricultural scenario, total mean C storage is less than half that of the current state, with almost 90% stored as SOM. Carbon storage at Fen Drayton is estimated to be 12962 ± 11666 Mg C in the current state. This figure is approximately 2000 Mg less than in the intervention scenario, but twice that of the non-intervention scenario [Table 2; Fig. 3A].


Rapid assessment of ecosystem services provided by two mineral extraction sites restored for nature conservation in an agricultural landscape in eastern England.

Blaen PJ, Jia L, Peh KS, Field RH, Balmford A, MacDonald MA, Bradbury RB - PLoS ONE (2015)

Ecosystem services provided by Fen Drayton under the current management regime and alternative intervention and non-intervention scenarios.Bars for C storage represent mean values and error bars represent upper and lower estimates assuming errors of ±90% mean values.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4404093&req=5

pone.0121010.g003: Ecosystem services provided by Fen Drayton under the current management regime and alternative intervention and non-intervention scenarios.Bars for C storage represent mean values and error bars represent upper and lower estimates assuming errors of ±90% mean values.
Mentions: The total C stock of Ouse Fen in its current nature conservation state is estimated at 16087 ±14478 Mg C, of which more than half is stored in SOM [Table 2; Fig. 2A]. Reedbed habitat represents 70% of total C storage at the site. Under the agricultural scenario, total mean C storage is less than half that of the current state, with almost 90% stored as SOM. Carbon storage at Fen Drayton is estimated to be 12962 ± 11666 Mg C in the current state. This figure is approximately 2000 Mg less than in the intervention scenario, but twice that of the non-intervention scenario [Table 2; Fig. 3A].

Bottom Line: Despite growing recognition that mineral sites restored for nature conservation can enhance local biodiversity, the wider societal benefits provided by this type of restoration relative to alternative options are not well understood.Using a combination of site-specific primary field data, benefits transfer and modelling, we show that for our sites restoration for nature conservation provides a more diverse array of ecosystem services than would be delivered under an agricultural restoration scenario.The results of this study highlight the wider societal importance of restored mineral sites and may help conservation managers and planners to develop future restoration strategies that provide benefits for both biodiversity and human well-being.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, RSPB, The Lodge, Sandy, Bedfordshire, SG19 2DL, United Kingdom; School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom.

ABSTRACT
Despite growing recognition that mineral sites restored for nature conservation can enhance local biodiversity, the wider societal benefits provided by this type of restoration relative to alternative options are not well understood. This study addresses this research gap by quantifying differences in ecosystem services provision under two common mineral site after-uses: nature conservation and agriculture. Using a combination of site-specific primary field data, benefits transfer and modelling, we show that for our sites restoration for nature conservation provides a more diverse array of ecosystem services than would be delivered under an agricultural restoration scenario. We also explore the effects of addressing different conservation targets, which we find alter the provision of ecosystem services on a service-specific basis. Highly species-focused intervention areas are associated with increased carbon storage and livestock grazing provision, whereas non-intervention areas are important for carbon sequestration, fishing, recreation and flood risk mitigation. The results of this study highlight the wider societal importance of restored mineral sites and may help conservation managers and planners to develop future restoration strategies that provide benefits for both biodiversity and human well-being.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus