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Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.


Measurement of left atrial area (A2C, A4C, A3C), longitudinal (L2C, L4C), transverse (T2C, T4C) and anteroposterior (APD) diameters on the 2-, 4- and 3-chamber views according to reference [17].
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Fig9: Measurement of left atrial area (A2C, A4C, A3C), longitudinal (L2C, L4C), transverse (T2C, T4C) and anteroposterior (APD) diameters on the 2-, 4- and 3-chamber views according to reference [17].

Mentions: There are three publications for reference values of the left atrium (volume and/or diameter and/or area) based on SSFP imaging with a sufficient sample size [4,17,20] (Table 9). Hudsmith et al. [4] used the biplane area-length method (Figure 7), while Maceira et al. [17] used a 3D modeling technique (Figure 8). Since the results for left atrial maximal volume differ substantially between the two publications, probably based on the different methods, these data are presented separately (Tables 10 and 11, respectively). Maceira et al. provide reference values for maximum left atrial volume, longitudinal, transverse and anteroposterior diameters as well as area (Tables 11, 12 and 13; Figures 8 and 9) [17]. Hudsmith evaluated normal values of maximal and minimal left atrial volume and calculated left atrial ejection fraction and left atrial stroke volume (Table 10) [4]. Sievers et al. provide reference values for left atrial transverse diameters measured on the 2-, 3- and 4-chamber view at ventricular end-systole [20]. Maceira et al. provide both transverse and longitudinal diameters with different 3-chamber methodology than Sievers et al., thus only diameters of Maceira et al. are included (Table 13) [17,20].Table 9


Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Measurement of left atrial area (A2C, A4C, A3C), longitudinal (L2C, L4C), transverse (T2C, T4C) and anteroposterior (APD) diameters on the 2-, 4- and 3-chamber views according to reference [17].
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4403942&req=5

Fig9: Measurement of left atrial area (A2C, A4C, A3C), longitudinal (L2C, L4C), transverse (T2C, T4C) and anteroposterior (APD) diameters on the 2-, 4- and 3-chamber views according to reference [17].
Mentions: There are three publications for reference values of the left atrium (volume and/or diameter and/or area) based on SSFP imaging with a sufficient sample size [4,17,20] (Table 9). Hudsmith et al. [4] used the biplane area-length method (Figure 7), while Maceira et al. [17] used a 3D modeling technique (Figure 8). Since the results for left atrial maximal volume differ substantially between the two publications, probably based on the different methods, these data are presented separately (Tables 10 and 11, respectively). Maceira et al. provide reference values for maximum left atrial volume, longitudinal, transverse and anteroposterior diameters as well as area (Tables 11, 12 and 13; Figures 8 and 9) [17]. Hudsmith evaluated normal values of maximal and minimal left atrial volume and calculated left atrial ejection fraction and left atrial stroke volume (Table 10) [4]. Sievers et al. provide reference values for left atrial transverse diameters measured on the 2-, 3- and 4-chamber view at ventricular end-systole [20]. Maceira et al. provide both transverse and longitudinal diameters with different 3-chamber methodology than Sievers et al., thus only diameters of Maceira et al. are included (Table 13) [17,20].Table 9

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.