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Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.


Measurement of pulse wave velocity according to reference[53]. Δx = length of the centerline between the sites of flow measurement in the ascending and descending aorta (A); Δt = time delay between the flow curves obtained in the descending aorta relative to the flow curve obtained in the ascending aorta calculated between the midpoint of the systolic up slope tails on the flow versus time curves of the ascending aorta (ta1) and the descending aorta (ta2) (B).
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Fig17: Measurement of pulse wave velocity according to reference[53]. Δx = length of the centerline between the sites of flow measurement in the ascending and descending aorta (A); Δt = time delay between the flow curves obtained in the descending aorta relative to the flow curve obtained in the ascending aorta calculated between the midpoint of the systolic up slope tails on the flow versus time curves of the ascending aorta (ta1) and the descending aorta (ta2) (B).

Mentions: PWV is the most validated method to quantify arterial stiffness using CMR. PWV is calculated by measuring the pulse transit time of the flow curves (Δt) and the distance (D) between the ascending and descending aortic locations of the phase contrast acquisition [51]: Aortic PWV = D/ Δt (Figure 17).Figure 17


Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Measurement of pulse wave velocity according to reference[53]. Δx = length of the centerline between the sites of flow measurement in the ascending and descending aorta (A); Δt = time delay between the flow curves obtained in the descending aorta relative to the flow curve obtained in the ascending aorta calculated between the midpoint of the systolic up slope tails on the flow versus time curves of the ascending aorta (ta1) and the descending aorta (ta2) (B).
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4403942&req=5

Fig17: Measurement of pulse wave velocity according to reference[53]. Δx = length of the centerline between the sites of flow measurement in the ascending and descending aorta (A); Δt = time delay between the flow curves obtained in the descending aorta relative to the flow curve obtained in the ascending aorta calculated between the midpoint of the systolic up slope tails on the flow versus time curves of the ascending aorta (ta1) and the descending aorta (ta2) (B).
Mentions: PWV is the most validated method to quantify arterial stiffness using CMR. PWV is calculated by measuring the pulse transit time of the flow curves (Δt) and the distance (D) between the ascending and descending aortic locations of the phase contrast acquisition [51]: Aortic PWV = D/ Δt (Figure 17).Figure 17

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.