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Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.


Sites of measurement. AS = aortic sinus; STJ = sinotubular junction; AA = ascending aorta; BCA = proximal to the origin of the brachiocephalic artery; T1 = first transverse segment; T2 = second transverse segment; IR = isthmic region; DA = descending aorta; D = thoracoabdominal aorta at the level of the diaphragm.
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Fig15: Sites of measurement. AS = aortic sinus; STJ = sinotubular junction; AA = ascending aorta; BCA = proximal to the origin of the brachiocephalic artery; T1 = first transverse segment; T2 = second transverse segment; IR = isthmic region; DA = descending aorta; D = thoracoabdominal aorta at the level of the diaphragm.

Mentions: In this review we present regression equations of normal aortic diameters measured at 9 different sites according to [52] (Table 37, Figure 15) and of normal area of the ascending aorta according to [54] (Table 38). Further reference percentiles of aortic area measured at 4 different locations obtained on cine GRE images are presented in Figure 16 according to [53]. The z-scores for each aortic diameter (D) can be calculated with the following equation:Table 37


Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Sites of measurement. AS = aortic sinus; STJ = sinotubular junction; AA = ascending aorta; BCA = proximal to the origin of the brachiocephalic artery; T1 = first transverse segment; T2 = second transverse segment; IR = isthmic region; DA = descending aorta; D = thoracoabdominal aorta at the level of the diaphragm.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4403942&req=5

Fig15: Sites of measurement. AS = aortic sinus; STJ = sinotubular junction; AA = ascending aorta; BCA = proximal to the origin of the brachiocephalic artery; T1 = first transverse segment; T2 = second transverse segment; IR = isthmic region; DA = descending aorta; D = thoracoabdominal aorta at the level of the diaphragm.
Mentions: In this review we present regression equations of normal aortic diameters measured at 9 different sites according to [52] (Table 37, Figure 15) and of normal area of the ascending aorta according to [54] (Table 38). Further reference percentiles of aortic area measured at 4 different locations obtained on cine GRE images are presented in Figure 16 according to [53]. The z-scores for each aortic diameter (D) can be calculated with the following equation:Table 37

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.