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Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.


Cusp-commissure (continuous lines) and cusp-cusp (dashed-lines) measurements at the level of the aortic sinus.
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Fig14: Cusp-commissure (continuous lines) and cusp-cusp (dashed-lines) measurements at the level of the aortic sinus.

Mentions: The sagittal oblique view of the left ventricular outflow tract was used for measuring diameter at the level of the aortic annulus, the aortic sinus, and the sinotubular junction. Axial cross sectional images at predefined anatomic levels were used for measuring the ascending and descending aorta [46] as well as cusp-commissure and cusp-cusp diameters at the level of the aortic sinus [47] (FiguresĀ 13 and 14). There is no definite convention about measuring the luminal or outer to outer diameter of the aorta. Usually, measurement technique depends on the resolution and characteristics of the available MRI sequence. In the tables below, the method is specified.Figure 14


Normal values for cardiovascular magnetic resonance in adults and children.

Kawel-Boehm N, Maceira A, Valsangiacomo-Buechel ER, Vogel-Claussen J, Turkbey EB, Williams R, Plein S, Tee M, Eng J, Bluemke DA - J Cardiovasc Magn Reson (2015)

Cusp-commissure (continuous lines) and cusp-cusp (dashed-lines) measurements at the level of the aortic sinus.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License 1 - License 2
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4403942&req=5

Fig14: Cusp-commissure (continuous lines) and cusp-cusp (dashed-lines) measurements at the level of the aortic sinus.
Mentions: The sagittal oblique view of the left ventricular outflow tract was used for measuring diameter at the level of the aortic annulus, the aortic sinus, and the sinotubular junction. Axial cross sectional images at predefined anatomic levels were used for measuring the ascending and descending aorta [46] as well as cusp-commissure and cusp-cusp diameters at the level of the aortic sinus [47] (FiguresĀ 13 and 14). There is no definite convention about measuring the luminal or outer to outer diameter of the aorta. Usually, measurement technique depends on the resolution and characteristics of the available MRI sequence. In the tables below, the method is specified.Figure 14

Bottom Line: Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR).Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease.In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Radiology, Kantonsspital Graubuenden, Loestrasse 170, 7000, Chur, Switzerland. nadine.kawel@gmx.de.

ABSTRACT
Morphological and functional parameters such as chamber size and function, aortic diameters and distensibility, flow and T1 and T2* relaxation time can be assessed and quantified by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Knowledge of normal values for quantitative CMR is crucial to interpretation of results and to distinguish normal from disease. In this review, we present normal reference values for morphological and functional CMR parameters of the cardiovascular system based on the peer-reviewed literature and current CMR techniques and sequences.

No MeSH data available.