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Decoding of Baby Calls: Can Adult Humans Identify the Eliciting Situation from Emotional Vocalizations of Preverbal Infants?

Lindová J, Špinka M, Nováková L - PLoS ONE (2015)

Bottom Line: The best discriminated situation, Play, was associated with high perceived intensity.Parenthood and younger age, but not gender of listeners, had weak positive effects on the accuracy of judgments.Our results indicate that adults almost flawlessly distinguish positive and negative infant sounds, but are rather inaccurate regarding identification of the specific needs of the infant and may normally employ other sensory channels to gain this information.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; National Institute of Mental Health, Klecany, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
Preverbal infants often vocalize in emotionally loaded situations, yet the communicative potential of these vocalizations is not well understood. The aim of our study was to assess how accurately adult listeners extract information about the eliciting situation from infant preverbal vocalizations. Vocalizations of 19 infants aged 5-10 months were recorded in 3 negative (Pain, Isolation, Demand for Food) and 3 positive (Play, Reunion, After Feeding) situations. The recordings were later rated by 333 adult listeners on the scales of emotional valence and intensity. Subsequently, the listeners assigned the eliciting situations in a forced choice task. Listeners were almost perfectly able to discriminate whether a recording came from a negative or a positive situation. Their discrimination may have been based on perceived valence as they consistently assigned higher valence when listening to positive, and lower valence when listening to negative, recordings. Ability to identify the particular situation within the negative or positive realm was substantially weaker, with only three of the six situations being discriminated above chance. The best discriminated situation, Play, was associated with high perceived intensity. The weak qualitative discrimination of negative situations seemed to be based on graded perception of negative recordings, from the most intense and unpleasant (assigned to Pain) to the least intense and least unpleasant (assigned to Demand for Food). Parenthood and younger age, but not gender of listeners, had weak positive effects on the accuracy of judgments. Our results indicate that adults almost flawlessly distinguish positive and negative infant sounds, but are rather inaccurate regarding identification of the specific needs of the infant and may normally employ other sensory channels to gain this information.

No MeSH data available.


Association between emotional valence and intensity judgments, respectively, and correct recognition of the particular negative (A) and positive (B) situation by listeners.
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pone.0124317.g005: Association between emotional valence and intensity judgments, respectively, and correct recognition of the particular negative (A) and positive (B) situation by listeners.

Mentions: Next we tested if the perceived intensity and valence of recordings taken in a specific situation correlated with the probability that the situation would be correctly recognized. As Fig 5A shows, Pain was recognized more often in recordings perceived as less pleasant and more intense (Kendal Tau = -.76 and. 61, respectively, ps <. 01). Conversely, Demand for Food was assigned correctly in those recordings that were perceived as more pleasant and less intense (.55 and-.60, respectively, ps <. 01). This indicates that participants used pleasantness and intensity as important cues to discriminate among negative situations, especially between Pain and Demand for Food.


Decoding of Baby Calls: Can Adult Humans Identify the Eliciting Situation from Emotional Vocalizations of Preverbal Infants?

Lindová J, Špinka M, Nováková L - PLoS ONE (2015)

Association between emotional valence and intensity judgments, respectively, and correct recognition of the particular negative (A) and positive (B) situation by listeners.
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

License
Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4403804&req=5

pone.0124317.g005: Association between emotional valence and intensity judgments, respectively, and correct recognition of the particular negative (A) and positive (B) situation by listeners.
Mentions: Next we tested if the perceived intensity and valence of recordings taken in a specific situation correlated with the probability that the situation would be correctly recognized. As Fig 5A shows, Pain was recognized more often in recordings perceived as less pleasant and more intense (Kendal Tau = -.76 and. 61, respectively, ps <. 01). Conversely, Demand for Food was assigned correctly in those recordings that were perceived as more pleasant and less intense (.55 and-.60, respectively, ps <. 01). This indicates that participants used pleasantness and intensity as important cues to discriminate among negative situations, especially between Pain and Demand for Food.

Bottom Line: The best discriminated situation, Play, was associated with high perceived intensity.Parenthood and younger age, but not gender of listeners, had weak positive effects on the accuracy of judgments.Our results indicate that adults almost flawlessly distinguish positive and negative infant sounds, but are rather inaccurate regarding identification of the specific needs of the infant and may normally employ other sensory channels to gain this information.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; National Institute of Mental Health, Klecany, Czech Republic.

ABSTRACT
Preverbal infants often vocalize in emotionally loaded situations, yet the communicative potential of these vocalizations is not well understood. The aim of our study was to assess how accurately adult listeners extract information about the eliciting situation from infant preverbal vocalizations. Vocalizations of 19 infants aged 5-10 months were recorded in 3 negative (Pain, Isolation, Demand for Food) and 3 positive (Play, Reunion, After Feeding) situations. The recordings were later rated by 333 adult listeners on the scales of emotional valence and intensity. Subsequently, the listeners assigned the eliciting situations in a forced choice task. Listeners were almost perfectly able to discriminate whether a recording came from a negative or a positive situation. Their discrimination may have been based on perceived valence as they consistently assigned higher valence when listening to positive, and lower valence when listening to negative, recordings. Ability to identify the particular situation within the negative or positive realm was substantially weaker, with only three of the six situations being discriminated above chance. The best discriminated situation, Play, was associated with high perceived intensity. The weak qualitative discrimination of negative situations seemed to be based on graded perception of negative recordings, from the most intense and unpleasant (assigned to Pain) to the least intense and least unpleasant (assigned to Demand for Food). Parenthood and younger age, but not gender of listeners, had weak positive effects on the accuracy of judgments. Our results indicate that adults almost flawlessly distinguish positive and negative infant sounds, but are rather inaccurate regarding identification of the specific needs of the infant and may normally employ other sensory channels to gain this information.

No MeSH data available.