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Study of position, shape, and size of mental foramen utilizing various parameters in dry adult human mandibles from north India.

Budhiraja V, Rastogi R, Lalwani R, Goel P, Bose SC - ISRN Anat (2012)

Bottom Line: Results.Conclusion.Prior knowledge of mental foramen variations helps surgeons in planning surgery in that region to avoid nerve damage and also enable effective mental nerve block anesthesia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anatomy, L.N. Medical College and J.K. Hospital, Sector-C, Sarvadhram, Kolar Road, Bhopal 460246, India.

ABSTRACT
Background. As the mental foramen (MF) is an important landmark to facilitate surgical, local anesthetic, and other invasive procedures, the present study was aimed to elucidate its morphological features and morphometric parameters with reference to surrounding landmarks. Material and Method. 105 dry adult human mandibles of unknown sex were observed for position, shape, and number of mental foramina. Their size was measured using a digital vernier caliper and statistically analyzed by mean and standard deviations (SD). Results. In most cases (74.3%), the MF was oval in shape and situated on the longitudinal axis of the 2nd premolar tooth (61% on right side and 59.1% on left side). The mean distance for the right and left sides was measured from various landmarks. Conclusion. Prior knowledge of mental foramen variations helps surgeons in planning surgery in that region to avoid nerve damage and also enable effective mental nerve block anesthesia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Variable relations of mental foramen to lower teeth as positions I–VI. CA: canine; 1st P: first premolar; 2nd P: second premolar; 1st M: first molar.
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Related In: Results  -  Collection


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fig2: Variable relations of mental foramen to lower teeth as positions I–VI. CA: canine; 1st P: first premolar; 2nd P: second premolar; 1st M: first molar.

Mentions: The position of MF was classified in relation to teeth of the lower jaw in accordance with Tebo and Telford [14] (Figure 2).


Study of position, shape, and size of mental foramen utilizing various parameters in dry adult human mandibles from north India.

Budhiraja V, Rastogi R, Lalwani R, Goel P, Bose SC - ISRN Anat (2012)

Variable relations of mental foramen to lower teeth as positions I–VI. CA: canine; 1st P: first premolar; 2nd P: second premolar; 1st M: first molar.
© Copyright Policy - open-access
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4403559&req=5

fig2: Variable relations of mental foramen to lower teeth as positions I–VI. CA: canine; 1st P: first premolar; 2nd P: second premolar; 1st M: first molar.
Mentions: The position of MF was classified in relation to teeth of the lower jaw in accordance with Tebo and Telford [14] (Figure 2).

Bottom Line: Results.Conclusion.Prior knowledge of mental foramen variations helps surgeons in planning surgery in that region to avoid nerve damage and also enable effective mental nerve block anesthesia.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Anatomy, L.N. Medical College and J.K. Hospital, Sector-C, Sarvadhram, Kolar Road, Bhopal 460246, India.

ABSTRACT
Background. As the mental foramen (MF) is an important landmark to facilitate surgical, local anesthetic, and other invasive procedures, the present study was aimed to elucidate its morphological features and morphometric parameters with reference to surrounding landmarks. Material and Method. 105 dry adult human mandibles of unknown sex were observed for position, shape, and number of mental foramina. Their size was measured using a digital vernier caliper and statistically analyzed by mean and standard deviations (SD). Results. In most cases (74.3%), the MF was oval in shape and situated on the longitudinal axis of the 2nd premolar tooth (61% on right side and 59.1% on left side). The mean distance for the right and left sides was measured from various landmarks. Conclusion. Prior knowledge of mental foramen variations helps surgeons in planning surgery in that region to avoid nerve damage and also enable effective mental nerve block anesthesia.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus