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Trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in kermanshah province, west of iran from 1990 to 2012.

Hamzavi Y, Khademi N - Iran J Parasitol (2015 Jan-Mar)

Bottom Line: The most cases of CL were seen in housewives (32.1%) and age groups of 20 to 29 years old (19.9%).In addition, the most cases of disease were seen in winter (41.8%) and fall (28.9%).CL is increasing remarkably in warm climates of the province, and Ghasr-e-Shirin must be of particular interest, as the most infected district in the province.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study was conducted to explain the trend of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in Kermanshah Province, western Iran from 1991-2012.

Methods: In this analytical-descriptive study, all of the patients suspected to CL in Kermanshah Province were studied. Smears were prepared from most of them, stained with Giemsa, and examined microscopically for Leishman bodies. A few of the patients were diagnosed according to physician diagnosis and response to glucantime. Questionnaires were completed for all of them. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS-21 and Spearman and Kendall tests.

Results: From 1991 to 2012, 1684 cases of CL were recorded. In the years 2011-12 the frequency of CL in the province reached to 7.4/100,000, which showed a remarkable increase in the frequency of new cases CL in the province. In the years 2011-12 about 47% of total cases of CL in the province, was seen in Ghasr-e-Shirin district,which the frequency of CL in this district reached to 264.5/100,000. Frequency of CL in males and females was 57% and 43% respectively. The most cases of CL were seen in housewives (32.1%) and age groups of 20 to 29 years old (19.9%). In addition, the most cases of disease were seen in winter (41.8%) and fall (28.9%).

Conclusion: CL is increasing remarkably in warm climates of the province, and Ghasr-e-Shirin must be of particular interest, as the most infected district in the province.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus

Location of Kermanshah Province within Iran and studied areas
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Figure 1: Location of Kermanshah Province within Iran and studied areas

Mentions: At present, Kermanshah Province is known as one of the endemic areas of CL in Iran. This province is located in the west of Iran. It is neighboring in north with Kurdistan, in southeast with Lorestan, in south with Ilam and in east with Hamadan provinces. It is also in the west adjacent to the Iraq. The province with an area of 24,361 square kilometers contains almost 1.6% of the total land of the country and with population of 1,945,227 has about 2.4% of total population of the country. About 69.7% of the population is in urban areas, 29.3% in rural areas and about 1% are nomadic .According to weather this province divided to three distinct portion: Warm, moderate and cold climates(11).The most cases of CL has been reported in warm climates, located in the south-west of the province (Fig. 1).


Trend of cutaneous leishmaniasis in kermanshah province, west of iran from 1990 to 2012.

Hamzavi Y, Khademi N - Iran J Parasitol (2015 Jan-Mar)

Location of Kermanshah Province within Iran and studied areas
© Copyright Policy
Related In: Results  -  Collection

Show All Figures
getmorefigures.php?uid=PMC4403543&req=5

Figure 1: Location of Kermanshah Province within Iran and studied areas
Mentions: At present, Kermanshah Province is known as one of the endemic areas of CL in Iran. This province is located in the west of Iran. It is neighboring in north with Kurdistan, in southeast with Lorestan, in south with Ilam and in east with Hamadan provinces. It is also in the west adjacent to the Iraq. The province with an area of 24,361 square kilometers contains almost 1.6% of the total land of the country and with population of 1,945,227 has about 2.4% of total population of the country. About 69.7% of the population is in urban areas, 29.3% in rural areas and about 1% are nomadic .According to weather this province divided to three distinct portion: Warm, moderate and cold climates(11).The most cases of CL has been reported in warm climates, located in the south-west of the province (Fig. 1).

Bottom Line: The most cases of CL were seen in housewives (32.1%) and age groups of 20 to 29 years old (19.9%).In addition, the most cases of disease were seen in winter (41.8%) and fall (28.9%).CL is increasing remarkably in warm climates of the province, and Ghasr-e-Shirin must be of particular interest, as the most infected district in the province.

View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed

Affiliation: Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.

ABSTRACT

Background: This study was conducted to explain the trend of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in Kermanshah Province, western Iran from 1991-2012.

Methods: In this analytical-descriptive study, all of the patients suspected to CL in Kermanshah Province were studied. Smears were prepared from most of them, stained with Giemsa, and examined microscopically for Leishman bodies. A few of the patients were diagnosed according to physician diagnosis and response to glucantime. Questionnaires were completed for all of them. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS-21 and Spearman and Kendall tests.

Results: From 1991 to 2012, 1684 cases of CL were recorded. In the years 2011-12 the frequency of CL in the province reached to 7.4/100,000, which showed a remarkable increase in the frequency of new cases CL in the province. In the years 2011-12 about 47% of total cases of CL in the province, was seen in Ghasr-e-Shirin district,which the frequency of CL in this district reached to 264.5/100,000. Frequency of CL in males and females was 57% and 43% respectively. The most cases of CL were seen in housewives (32.1%) and age groups of 20 to 29 years old (19.9%). In addition, the most cases of disease were seen in winter (41.8%) and fall (28.9%).

Conclusion: CL is increasing remarkably in warm climates of the province, and Ghasr-e-Shirin must be of particular interest, as the most infected district in the province.

No MeSH data available.


Related in: MedlinePlus